APUSH Unit 7 (1890-1945)

  • Alaska purchased from Russia

    Alaska purchased from Russia
    The United States bought the Alaska territory from Russia on March 30th, 1867, for $7.2 billion.
  • Beginning of buidling Panama Canal

    Beginning of buidling Panama Canal
    The building of the Panama Canal was symbolically begun under the direction of French diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps. He abandonned this project on February 4th, 1889.
  • Alfred Thayer Mahan publishes "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History: 1660–1783"

    Alfred Thayer Mahan publishes "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History: 1660–1783"
    "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History: 1660–1783" was published in 1890, by Alfred Thayer Mahan, who was an American naval officer who wrote about naval strategy and the history of sea power.
  • Overthrow of Hawaii's government and queen

    Overthrow of Hawaii's government and queen
    A small group of American businessmen saw interest in Hawaii's pineapples and sugar potential, and sought to annex the territory to the U.S.
  • Sino-Japanese War

    Sino-Japanese War
    Although foreign observers had predicted an easy victory for the more massive Chinese forces, the Japanese had done a more successful job of modernizing, and they were better equipped and prepared.
  • U.S. Congress declares war on Spain

    U.S. Congress declares war on Spain
    The U.S.S. Maine explodes and sinks in Havana Harbor in February, 1898, killing almost 300 American sailors, and causing President William Mckinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain.
  • First battle of Spanish-American War at Manila Bay

    First battle of Spanish-American War at Manila Bay
    In the first battle between Spanish and American Forces, U.S. Commodore Dewey defeats the Spanish fleet at Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines.
  • U.S. Troops land in Cuba

    U.S. Troops land in Cuba
    On June 22, 1898, the first U.S. troops landed on Cuban land. For months, U.S. troops had been stationed in Tampa, Florida, the place Brigadier General William had chosen as the staging ground for eventual troop deployment to Cuba.
  • U.S. forces defeat the Spanish at the Battle of San Juan Hill

    U.S. forces defeat the Spanish at the Battle of San Juan Hill
    As part of America's campaign to capture Spanish-held Santiago de Cuba on the southern coast of Cuba, the U.S. Army engaged Spanish forces at San Juan Hill.
  • U.S. forces destroy Spanish Fleet at Santiago Bay, Cuba

    U.S. forces destroy Spanish Fleet at Santiago Bay, Cuba
    The Battle of Santiago was one of the most important naval interactions of the Spanish American War, resulting in the destruction of the Spanish Navy's Caribbean Squadron.
  • Hawaii becomes US Territory

    Hawaii becomes US Territory
    After an overthrow of the goverment and a conquest of the territory, and with the country aroused by the Spanish American War, the resolution for Hawaii to be annexed easily passed in Congress.
  • Spanish Surrender at Santiago

    Spanish Surrender at Santiago
    Spain surrendered at Santiago de Cuba. The U.S. victory ended the war, suppressed all Spanish naval resistance in the New World, and enhanced the reputation of the U.S. Navy.
  • Protocol of Peace

    Protocol of Peace
    The Spanish American War comes to a close when Spain agrees to the Protocol of Peace on these U.S. terms: the cession of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Manila in the Philippines to the United States, pending a final peace treaty.
  • The Treaty of Paris

    The Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris is signed by representatives from the U.S. and Spain. After extensive debate, the treaty is ratified by the U.S. senate on February 6, 1899. Under the treaty, the U.S. acquires control over Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines.
  • Start of Philippine-American War

    Start of Philippine-American War
    Fighting broke out between American forces and Filipino nationalists led by Emilio Aguinaldo who sought independence rather than a change in colonial rulers.
  • Open Door Policy with China

    Open Door Policy with China
    The Open Door Policy with China is declared by the Secretary of State and the U.S. government in an attempt to open international markets and retain the integrity of China as a nation.
  • Boxer Rebellion begins in China

    Boxer Rebellion begins in China
    The Boxers of the Boxer Rebellion began a siege of Beijing’s foreign legation district (where the official quarters of foreign diplomats were located). The following day, Qing Empress Dowager Tzu’u Hzi declared a war on all foreign nations with diplomatic ties in China.
  • Boxer Protocol signed, ending the Boxer Rebellion

    Boxer Protocol signed, ending the Boxer Rebellion
    By terms of the agreement, forts protecting Beijing were to be destroyed, Boxer and Chinese government officials involved in the uprising were to be punished, foreign legations were permitted to station troops in Beijing for their defense, and China was prohibited from importing arms for two years.
  • Roosevelt proclaims amnesty with the Philippines

    Roosevelt proclaims amnesty with the Philippines
    President Theodore Roosevelt proclaimed a general amnesty and declared the conflict over, although minor uprisings and insurrections against American rule periodically occurred in the following years.
  • Venezuela Affair

    Venezuela Affair
    British and German ships blockaded Venezuelan ports in an effort to force payment. Known as the Venezuela Affair, this action violated the cornerstone document of U.S. foreign policy—the Monroe Doctrine. This led to Big Stick Diplomacy and the Roosevelt Corollary.
  • U.S. takes Panama Canal

    U.S. takes Panama Canal
    The United States took over construction of the Panama Canal.
  • Roosevelt Corollary

    Roosevelt Corollary
    It stated that the United States may be forced "in flagrant cases of . . . wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power" in the Caribbean, Central America, or South America, clearly displaying his 'Big Stick Diplomacy"
  • Mexican Revolution Uprisings Begin

    Mexican Revolution Uprisings Begin
    Francisco Madero calls for an uprising and Pascual Orozoco launches uprising in Chihuahua.
  • Taft's Message to Congress Introducing 'Dollar Diplomacy'

    Taft's Message to Congress Introducing 'Dollar Diplomacy'
    Dollar Diplomacy was a foreign policy created by U.S. President Taft and his secretary of state to ensure the financial stability of a region while protecting and extending U.S. commercial and financial interests there.
  • Archduke Ferdinand's Assassination

    Archduke Ferdinand's Assassination
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to Austria-Hungary's throne, and his wife, Sophie, are assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip while the couple were visiting Sarajevo.
  • First Battle of Marne

    First Battle of Marne
    The Germans had been moving quicky for Paris when the French planned a surprise attack that began the First Battle of the Marne. The French, with the aid of British troops, successfully halted the German advance, and both sides dug in,
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

    Sinking of the Lusitania
    The sinking of the Lusitania enraged Americans and hastened the United States' entrance into World War I.
  • Battle of Verdun

    Battle of Verdun
    The Battle of Verdun was the longest battle and one of the bloodiest battles of World War I.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    Germany sends the secret Zimmerman Telegram to Mexico in an effort to entice Mexico to join the war. The British intercept and decipher the coded message.
  • Mexican Constitution of 1917

    Mexican Constitution of 1917
    After the Mexican Revolution, Mexican President Carranza proclaims a new Constitution, which promises the restoration of lands to the native people, separation of church and state, and dramatic economic and educational reformation.
  • Fourteen Points

     Fourteen Points
    The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for world peace that was to be used for peace negotiations to end World War I. The principles were outlined in a speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.
  • Red Scare Bombing

    Red Scare Bombing
    In eight cities, eight bombs simultaneously exploded. One target was Washington, D.C., where the explosion killed the bomber, an Italian-American radical from Pennsylvania.
    In the US, the First Red Scare was because of worker/socialist revolution and political radicalism.
  • The Treaty of Versailles officially ends WWI

     The Treaty of Versailles officially ends WWI
    The details of the Versailles Treaty had been debated and finalized at the Paris Peace Conference, which was on January 18, 1919, about two months after the fighting on the Western Front ended.
  • Hawaii became a state

    Hawaii became a state
    President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a proclamation admitting Hawaii into the Union of the United Sates of America as the 50th state.