Started being built in 1811. It is also called the National Road. First federal highway in the United States. One of the main routes to Northwest Territory.
Era of Good Feelings
The era saw the collapse of the Federalist party. Also saw the end of the dispute between the Democratic-Republican Party during the first party system.
Construction of the Erie Canal started on 1817 at Rome, New York. It orginally ran 363 miles long. It cut transport costs by 95%. It made the population in the New York state jump.
Preseident Jackson Vetoes the 2nd National Bank of America
Andrew Jackson tried to stop the building of the 2nd National Bank. The men still built the bank anyway and people used it.
The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery in the United States House Of Congress. They argued about the regulation of slavery in the westorn territorys.
Emergence of Sectionalism
The start of sectionalism. Threatened the Union. Northern and Southern did not always agree. Threatened to break off from the Union.
Sequoya writes the Cherokee language
Made reading and writing possible for the Cherokees. The language rapidly spread the Cherokee nation.
Election of John Quincy Adams (1824)
John Adams had 84 Electoral Votes.
John had 113,122 Popular Votes.
John's percentage for winning was 30.9%
Cherokee Capital of New Echota Founded
The Cherokee indians founded their capital to try to fit in the American life. Andre Jackson saw this and was not happy.
Cherokee Constitution Written
The Chrokee indians based their constitution off of the American constitution. They were trying to fit in so they dident get relocated.
Tariff of Abominations
Designed to protect industry in the Northern United States.
Had bad effects on the antebellum Southern Economy.
Lead to the Nullification Crisis.
Election of Andrew Jackson (1828)
Rematch between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson.
Andrew Jackson easily defeated Adams.
Election ushered Jacksonian Democracy.
Gold is discovered in Cherokee Nation
Georgia told the Cherokee Indains they could not mine for gold. First gold rush in America. Brought many white men to the Cherokee land.
Georgia Nullifies all Cherokee Law
On December 2, the Georgia legislature passes a law withdrawing the right of occupancy on the land by the Cherokee and requiring their removal to the West. In the preamble the real reasons for their actions so that no one would think it is for greed for the land or hatred of the red skin, and no wars or fights broke out.
Indian Removal Act
An act that Andrew Jackson passed that said that all Indians will relocated to new Indian Territory. It killed many Indians in the process.
Choctaw, Creek, and Chickasaw Removal
Choctaw signed a treaty that made them the first Native American tribe to be removed. Creek Indians also signed a treaty which gave them a small strip of land. The Chicksaw were offered 3$ million and were not paid for nearly 30 years.
Cherokee Nation v Georgia
Was a supreme court case. Cherokee won, the supreme court said Georgia can not pass a law that takes away the Cherokees rights.
Trail of Tears
Relocation of many Native Americans. Relocated the Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations. Traveled 800 miles with nothing to Indian Territory which is now called Oklahoma.
Worchester v Georgia
Conviction of Samuel Worchester because he was present on Cherokee land. Supreme court said Georgia cant arrest him for that.
In 1826 lead was discovered.
In 1828 the signed the Treaty of Chicago
In 1832 they were relocated
In 1833 Cheif Blackhawk returned
Blackhawk war- Wiped out
This ordiance declared by the power of the State that the federal Tariffs of 1828 were unconstitutional and therefore null and void within the sovereign boundaries of South Carolina.
Second Seminol War
Also known as the Florida War. Most expensive Indian war fought by the U.S. Between many groups of Native Americans.
Election of Martin Van Buren
Panic of 1837
Was a finacial crisis. Unemployment could be as high as 25%. Lots of businesses failed. Sharp decline in cotton prices. Restrictive lending policies in Great Britain.