The Jacksonian Era- Emily Salamakha

  • Sequoyah writes the Cherokee language

    Sequoyah writes the Cherokee language
    Sequoyah never learned to read or write English, but while in
    Georgia he became captivated by whiteman's ability to communicate by making marks on paper and reading from "talking leaves." He began work on developing a Cherokee writing system in 1809. During the war, he became convinced he was on the right path. I could'nt find the exact date.
  • The Cumberland Road

    The Cumberland Road
    CumberLand Road, also called National Road, first federal highway in the United States and for several years the main route to what was then the Northwest Territory. It was built in the year of 1811-37 from cumberland, MD. to Vandalia, Ill. Its forms part of the present U.S. route 40. According to the congressional specifications it was to be sixty-six feet wide with a surface of stone covered gravel. At least two dates have been cited as the start date of construction, June 11, 1811 and Nov. 20
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    Era of Good Feelings

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    Erie Canal

  • Era of Good Feelings

    Era of Good Feelings
    era of good feelings, period in U.S. history when, the Federalist party having declined, there was little open party feeling. After the War of 1812 all sections were wanted return to a normal life and to forget political issues. The Era of Good Feelings was described on July 12, 1817.
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    The emergence of Sectionalism

  • The emergence of Sectionalism

    The emergence of Sectionalism
    Instead of looking at the nation as a whole, regional seperatism took hold. Southerners, Westerners, and Northerners began to identify themsleves regionally and not as Americans. The regional differences that had served to build America now threatened to destroy it.
  • Election of John Quincy Adams

    Election of John Quincy Adams
    The fascinating presidential election of 1824 was a turning point in many ways. It followed a succession of three two-term presidents, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe, each of whom was identified with Jefferson's Republican party. Adams proudly served in the House of Representatives for nine terms until his death in the Capitol in 1848. Adams handily won election to the House to represent a district encompassing southeastern Massachusetts in the 22nd Congress (1831–1833).
  • Erie Canal

    Erie Canal
    In order to open the country west of the Appalachian Mountains to settlers and to offer a cheap and safe way to carry produce to a market, the construction of a canal was proposed as early as 1768. However, those early proposals would connect the Hudson River with Lake Ontario near Oswego. It was not until 1808 that the state legislature funded a survey for a canal that would connect to Lake Erie. The Erie Canal was completed on october 26, 1825.
  • Election of Andrew Jackson

    Election of Andrew Jackson
    The 1828 presidential election was one of the dirtiest ever. The old Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson had split into two opposing groups. Andrew Jackson, a military hero and politician, led a group. It called itself the Democratic Party. The election proved Jackson was the only candidate with a truly national popular following.he led the field with 43 percent of the popular vote and 99 electoral votes.
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    The tariff was to protect New England manufacturing interests and western agricultural products from competition with foreign imports but the resulting tax on foreign goods severely devalued southern cotton exports. President John Quincy Adams approved the bill in a de facto endorsement of its sectional favoritism, essentially sealing his loss to Andrew Jackson in the 1828 presidential election.
  • Gold is discovered in the Cherokee Nation triggering Americas first gold rush

    Gold is discovered in the Cherokee Nation triggering Americas first gold rush
    James Marshall this tiny piece of metal in the trailrace of John Sutter's sawmill in Coloma, California. When he hammered the nugget to test malleability, it proved to be pure gold. New's of Marshalls discovery triggered one of the largest gold rushes in history.
  • Choctaw, Creek and Chickasaw Removal

    Choctaw, Creek and Chickasaw Removal
    Before European Contact these tribes were generally matriarchial societies, with agriculture being the primary economic pursuit.The tribes were relocated from their homes east of the Mississippi River over several decades during the series of removals known as the Trail of Tears, authorized by federal legislation. They moved to what was then called Indian Territory, now the eastern portion of the state of Oklahoma.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy. inhabitants of Georgia were particularly anxious to have the Cherokees removed from the state because gold had been discovered on tribal lands.
  • Cherokee Nation V Georgia

    Cherokee Nation V Georgia
    The case of the Cherokee Nation v. Georgia was filed by the Cherokee Nation.In 1828, the Cherokee living in Georgia tried to secure their lands by adopting a constitution. Georgia refused to recognize the document and declared that the Cherokee were subject to state laws. The Cherokee appealed to the Supreme Court, but in the case of Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, the court ruled that it lacked jurisdiction, since the Cherokee were not a foreign nation as defined by the United States Constitution.
  • Worcester V Georgia

    Worcester V Georgia
    In the court case Worcester v. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court held in 1832 that the Cherokee Indians constituted a nation holding distinct sovereign powers. Although the decision became the foundation of the principle of tribal sovereignty in the twentieth century, it did not protect the Cherokees from being removed from their ancestral homeland in the Southeast.
  • Sauk Removal

    Sauk Removal
    Together the American forces tried to pin down the Sauk warriors, women, and children, but beginning with the Battle of Stillman's Run on May 14th, the Indians managed with great military finesse to escape and attempt a retreat. For 16 weeks Black Hawk and his warriors created tactical diversions while the noncombatants tried to make their way back to and safely across the Mississippi.
  • President Jackson Vetoes he 2nd National Bank of America

    President Jackson Vetoes he 2nd National Bank of America
    Even though a Bank may be convenient for the government, Jackson made his decision because some of the powers and privileges possessed by the existing Bank are unauthorized by the Constitution, subversive of the rights of the States, and dangerous to the liberties of the people. Congress had debated the issue for much of the year. Daniel Webster argued that a continuance of the Bank was very necessary to the country.
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    Toward the end of his first term in office, Jackson was forced to confront the state of South Carolina on the issue of the protective tariff. Business and farming interests in the state had hoped that Jackson would use his presidential power to modify tariff laws they had long opposed. Nullification was only the most recent in a series of state challenges to the authority of the federal government.
  • Second Seminole War

    Second Seminole War
    Back when Britain controlled Florida, the British often incited Seminoles against American settlers who were migrating south into Seminole territory. Seminoles provided black slaves, caused the U.S. army to attack the tribe in the First Seminole War, which took place in Florida and southern Georgia. Forces under General Andrew Jackson invaded Spanish Florida, attacked several key locations, and pushed the Seminoles farther south into Florida
  • Election of Martin Van Buren

    Election of Martin Van Buren
    Unlike the seven men who preceded him in the White House, Martin Van Buren was the first president to be born a citizen of the United States and not a British subject. He rose quickly in New York politics, winning a U.S. Senate seat in 1821. Van Buren won the White House in 1836 but was plagued by a financial panic that gripped the nation the following year. After losing his bid for reelection in 1840, Van Buren ran again unsuccessfully in 1844.
  • Panic of 1837

    Panic of 1837
    The severe downturn in the American economy that began in 1836 became Van Buren's primary concern during his presidency. When Van Buren entered office, it was clear that the nation's economic health had taken a turn for the worse and that the prosperity of the early 1830s was over. Two months into his presidency, the roof fell in. On May 10, 1837, some important state banks in New York, running out of hard currency reserves, suddenly refused to convert paper money into gold or silver.
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    Panic of 1837

  • The Trail of Tears

    The Trail of Tears
    Native Amerians working on behalf of white settlers who wanted to grow cotton on the Indians land, the federal government forced them to leave their homelands and walk thousands of miles to Indian territory across the Mississippi River. The migrants faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion on the Trail of Tears. Over 4,000 out of 15,000 of the Cherokees died. I could'nt find the exact date.