Jackson Era

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    Choctaw, Creek, and Chickasaw Removal

    The Indian removal Act was passed which effected many Indian tribes. The Choctaw were forced to leave the low rolling hills and plains with rich soil that they farmed, to go elsewhere with poor land. The Creek were forced out of very rich lands stretching in the Appalachian Mountains, and they had to travel to poor lands. The Chickasaw lived with rich black soil, but when they were forced to move out they found the soil west of Misssissippi much less suitable for farming.
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    Era of Good Feelings

    The Era of Good Feelings was a time of peace, pride, and progress, the states enjoyed this time. Two Supreme Court decisions strengthened the emphasis of national unity. McCulloch v. Maryland in 1819, and Gibbons v. Ogden in 1824.
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    The Cumberland Road

    The Cumberland Road was the first road built by the federal government. It ran from Cumberland, Maryland all the way to Whheling, a town on the Ohio River in present-day West Virginia. It was built to improve the nation's roads.
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    Erie Canal

    The Erie Canal is a canal that ran from Albany to Buffalo, New York. The construction of the canal started in 1817 and was finished in 1825. It allowed goods and people to move between towns of Lake Erie, New York City, and the east coast.
  • The emergence of Sectionalism

    The emergence of Sectionalism
    Sectionalism is the disagreement between the different regions. The union was threatened by sectionalism. There were 11 slave states and 11 free states, but adding Missouri as a slave state would tip the balance and favor the south. The Missouri Compromise settled this conflict.
  • Election of John Quincy Adams

    Election of John Quincy Adams
    This year Andrew Jackson won the most popular votes, but didn't have enough electoral votes. In this case the House of Representatives had to choose the winner. John Quincy Adams was chosen, and Jackson's supporters claimed that Adams made a corrupt bargain with Henry Clay.
  • Sequoyah writes the Cherokee language

    Sequoyah writes the Cherokee language
    Sequoyah is a man who gave his people a gift by inventing a writing system. He created this system so that the greatness of the Cherokee people will live forever. He created symbols that would make words, and became very intrigued by his new alphabet and writing system. Today his legacy lives on in the Cherokee poeple and their nation.
  • Tariff of Abomination

    Tariff of Abomination
    The Tariff Of Abomination was passed by the congress in order to support industry in the Northern U.S. This Tariff taxed imported good in order to protect industries being driven out of business due to low-priced goods being imported. This action angered the poeple in the south because they had to pay higher prices on goods the region didn't produce and they gave this tariff the label of Tariff of Abomimations. The reaction, specificly from South Carolina, lead to the Nullification Crisis.
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    Election of Andrew Jackson

    Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of the U.S. He made a solid victory in the election of 1828. This election was also considered one of the dirtiest ever. It basically was a rematch between Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams. Due to Jacksons victory many major events soon took place.
  • Gold is discovered in the Cherokee Nation triggering America's first gold rush

    Gold is discovered in the Cherokee Nation triggering America's first gold rush
    Gold was discovered in the Cherokee Nation in Georgia. Due to this dicovery of gold, whites began rushing and pouring into Cherokee lands by the thousands, ignoring treaties, burning villages, and ignoring the Constitution and non-intercourse laws passed by congress. This was the first significant gold rush in the U.S. For help and support the Cherokee turned to Washington, but President Andrew Jackson withdrawed all federal troops from the area.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Congressed passed the Indian Removal Act, authorizing the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River to lands in the West. President Jackson wanted this act to happen to open this land to settlement by American farmers.
  • Cherokee Nation v. Georgia

    Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
    This was a battle between the Cherokee Nation and Georgia. The Cherokee Nation prayed for injunction to restrain the state of Georgia from the execution of certain laws of that stateand to seize for the use of Georgia the lands of the nation which have been assured to them by the United States.
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    Sauk Removal

    This was another removal due to the Indian Removal Act. They were driven by other tribes from pressure to migrate to Michigan. The Sauk moved south to other territories such as present-day Illinois.
  • Worchester v. Georgia

    Worchester v. Georgia
    The Court ruled that the Cherokee nation was a distinct community in which the laws of Georgia had no force. They also stated that only the federal government had authority over Native Americans.
  • President Jackson Vetoes the 2nd National Bank

    President Jackson Vetoes the 2nd National Bank
    Jackson didn't support greater federal power and vetoed the 2nd National Bank because the bank was given the power to act as the federal government's financial agent. Jackson believed the bank was an unconstitutional extension of power to congress. The south also opposed the bank because they believed it was more support for the wealthy-businesses. Jackson thought the states should have the power over banking systems.
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    During the presidency of Andrew Jackson, a sectional crisis was created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordiance of Nullification. By th power of State, this ordiance declared that the federal tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional.
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    Second Seminole War

    Osceola oppsed the removal of Seminole from Florida, and threatened death to any chief who agreed to relocation. Osceola was put in jail but set free when General Wiley Thompsan agreed to sign the Treaty of Payne's Landing. Osceola hid in Florida Swamps with his followers, eluded the military, and continued to attack white settlements.
  • Election of Martin Van Buren

    Election of Martin Van Buren
    Van Buren was a part of the Democratic Party and ran against four Whig Party candidates in the presidential election of 1836. He already had a friendship and political alliance with Andrew Jackson which positively affected him in this presidential election, giving him many popular votes. Van Buren presented his candidacy through a continuation of Jackson's rules and policies.
  • Panic of 1837

    Panic of 1837
    It was a financial crisis that led to an economic depression. This was right after Martin Van Buren took office. Andrew Jackson's banking policies and unsuccessful plan to curb inflation was part of the Panic of 1837.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    The Cherokee were forced out of their territory. They marched 800 miles to the west. On their way to the west, many of the Cherokee died from disease and hunger.