The Jacksonian Era

  • Tariff of Abomination

    Tariff of Abomination
    The Tariff of 1828 was a protective tariff passed by the Congress of the United States on May 19, 1828, designed to protect industry in the Northern United States.
  • Congress passes the indian removal act

    Congress passes the indian removal act
    The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy.
  • Andrew Jackson vetoes the Maysville Road Bill

    Andrew Jackson vetoes the Maysville Road Bill
    A veto by Jackson that prevented the Maysville road from being funded by federal money since it only benefited Kentucky. ... president of the Bank of the United States- president Jackson felt that the bank held too much financial power and vetoed the bill to re-charter the bank
  • Supreme Court issues Cherokee Nation v. Georgia decision

    Supreme Court issues Cherokee Nation v. Georgia decision
    Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831) asked the Supreme Court to determine whether a state may impose its laws on Native Americans and their territory. ... Instead, the Court ruled that it did not have jurisdiction over the case because the Cherokee Nation, was a “domestic dependent nation” instead of a “foreign state."
  • supreme court issues Worcester v. Georgia decision

    supreme court issues Worcester v. Georgia decision
    Worcester v. Georgia, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on March 3, 1832, held (5–1) that the states did not have the right to impose regulations on Native American land. ... Andrew Jackson refused to enforce the ruling, the decision helped form the basis for most subsequent Indian law in the United States.
  • South Carolina passes ordinance of nulliication

    South Carolina passes ordinance of nulliication
    The decision was made, and on November 24, 1832, the South Carolina legislature passed the Ordinance of Nullification, which declared the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 unconstitutional, and thereby null and void. The Nullification Crisis began with this act.
  • Andrew Jackson vetoes the bank Recharter Bill

    Andrew Jackson vetoes the bank Recharter Bill
    Jackson Vetoes Re-Charter of the Second Bank of the US. Andrew Jackson vetoed the bill re-chartering the Second Bank in July 1832 by arguing that in the form presented to him it was incompatible with “justice,” “sound policy” and the Constitution. ... The charter was bad policy for several technical reasons.
  • Congress passes the Force Bill, authorizing military force in South Carolina

    Congress passes the Force Bill, authorizing military force in South Carolina
    The Force Bill was passed by Congress on March 2, 1833, during the Nullification Crisis and authorized President Jackson to use military force against any state that resisted the protective tariff laws. ... South Carolina were particularly fierce in their opposition and declared the tariffs were unconstitutional
  • congress passes Henrey Clays compromise tariff with Jacksons support

    congress passes Henrey Clays compromise tariff with Jacksons support
    The Compromise Tariff of 1833 gradually lowered the protective tariff rates over the next 10 years until, in 1842, they would be as low as they were by the Tariff Act of 1816. The Compromise Tariff ended the Nullification Crisis. ... The Compromise Tariff proposed by Henry Clay was passed by Congress in March 1833.
  • Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren is elected president

    Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren is elected president
    With Jackson's support, Van Buren won the presidential nomination of the 1835 Democratic National Convention without opposition.
  • financial panic deflates the economy

    financial panic deflates the economy
    Deflation typically occurs in and after periods of economic crisis. When an economy experiences a severe recession or depression, economic output slows as demand for consumption and investment drop. ... As more money is saved, less money is spent, further decreasing aggregate demand.
  • trail of tears

    trail of tears
    The route along which the United States government forced several tribes of Native Americans, including the Cherokees, Seminoles, Chickasaws, Choctaws, and Creeks, to migrate to reservations west of the Mississippi River in the 1820s, 1830s, and 1840s.
  • independent treasury established

    independent treasury established
    It was created on August 6, 1846 by the 29th Congress, with the enactment of the Independent Treasury Act of 1846 (ch. 90, 9 Stat. 59), and it functioned until the early 20th century, when the Federal Reserve System replaced it
  • Henry Clay is elected president

    Henry Clay is elected president
    Clay won election to the Senate in 1831 and ran as the National Republican nominee in the 1832 presidential election, but he was defeated by President Jackson. After the 1832 election, Clay helped bring an end to the Nullification Crisis by leading passage of the Tariff of 1833