The Jacksonian Era

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    The Jacksonian Era

    This timespan are of Jackson's most influential times and events.
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    Sequoyah develops the Cherokee Language

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    Sequoyah was a silversmith, and needed a way to put his name on his pieces of work, but he couldn't speak English. Not only did he think that the Cherokee needed a written language, so did everyone else. He also fought in the War of 1812 and saw that other couldn't write letters, so he wrote the language out! There is 85 symbols for the 85 sounds in the language.
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    Choctaw, Creek, and Chickasaw Removal

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    Once the Indian Removal Act was passed, many Indian tribes were affected. The Coctaw had to leave the "low rolling hills and plains with rich soil that they farmed", so they had to go somewhere else. The Creek were also forced out of rich lands, however, they were in the Appalachian Mountains. The Chickasaw, yet again, lived with rich soil, but they were also forced to move. Where they moved, they found that the soil was not suitable for farming.
  • Construction of the Cumberland Road began!

    Construction of the Cumberland Road began!
    The construction of the Cumberland Road began in 1815. The contracts were originally given in 1811, but the War of 1812 interrupted the construction. Considering the times, they had to use shovels and pickaxes to dig a 12 to 18-inch roadbed, which they then filled it with crushed stone. Source: Textbook, pg. 303, para. 2
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    Era of Good Feelings

    The Era of Good Feelings were "a time of peace, pride, and progress." Two Supreme Court cases helped settle this, as they asserted "the implied powers of Congress in allowing for the creation of a national bank." It was emphasized on national unity that reinforced the power of the federal government. Source: Textbook, pg. 304, para. 1
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    The Erie Canal

    The Erie Canal was found to be needed to open the land west of the Appalachian Mountains to be able to offer a cheap and available way to carry product and supplies. The idea wasn't proposed until 1768, however the canal wasn't completed up until 1825.
  • Election of John Quincy Adams

    Election of John Quincy Adams
    The Election of John Quincy Adams was an election to remember. The Election of 1824 was leading to have Andrew Jackson win, however he didn't win enough electoral votes. Considering he had won the popular vote, electoral votes were also needed. John Quincy Adams had only 15 less electoral votes than Andrew Jackson, aswell as about 50,000 less of the popular vote. This was only one of the few elections that called for the House of Representatives to choose the winner.
  • The Emergence of Sectionalism

    The Emergence of Sectionalism
    Sectionalism is the act of disagreement between different parts of the newly founded country. This goes tie-in-tie with the Missouri Compromise. There were originally 11 free and slave states. Adding Missouri would balance out the scale and be in the South's favor.
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    The Tariff of Abominations was a protective tariff passed by the U.S. Congress to protect industry in the northern United States. The major focus of the tariff was to protect industries in the northern U.S. which were getting driven out of business by low-priced imported goods.
  • Election of Andrew Jackson

    Election of Andrew Jackson
    This election shows a "brutal" rematch between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. Unlike the Election of 1824, there really weren't any other major people running other than Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams, which means they were able to easily accumulate votes. Andrew Jackson won this election through both the majority of electoral votes and the popular votes.
  • Gold Rush of 1829

    Gold Rush of 1829
    Information UsedWord of gold found in the Cherokee nation in Georgia spread gradually. Gerogia started getting flooded with miners from all over the Union when the Georgia journal ran a story on "Gold... Two Mines in Habersham". By 1830 most of the gold was mined.
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  • The Indian Removal Act

    The Indian Removal Act
    Information UsedThe Indian Removal act was a law that was passed durign Andrew Jackson's presidency. It authorized him to negotiate with Native Americans in the southern united States about their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi river. For that land they would have to give up their homeland to the Union.
  • Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia

    Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia
    Information UsedThe case Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia was a Supreme Court case. The Cherokee Nation sought a federal injunction against the laws passed by Georgia taking away their rights within their boundaries. The Supreme Court ruled that it had no original jurisdiction in the matter, since the Cherokee was a dependent nation, with a relationship like a ward to its guardian.
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    Sauk Removal

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    Over the course of about 20 years, Native Americans were slowly removed to allow European expansion. The Indians tried to sell their land in hopes to get more money, however the government refused. After all, there were no sales for the poor tribes.
  • Worchester v. Georgia

    Worchester v. Georgia
    In this case, the Court ordered that the Cherokees were a unique community in which Georgia had no authority over them. They also ruled that the Feds only had authority over them.
  • President Jackson Vetoes the 2nd National Bank of America

    President Jackson Vetoes the 2nd National Bank of America
    President Andrew Jackson vetoed the 2nd National Bank of America because "the bank was given the power to act as the federal government's financial agent." He also didn't agree with having greater federal power.
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    Infromation UsedThe Nullification crisis was a sectional crisis durign the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina. This ordinance declared that the federal tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and therefore null within the sovereign borders of South Carolina.
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    Second Seminole War

    Osceola disagreed with the proposed removal of Seminole, and decided to threaten any Chief who thought it was a good idea to relocate. He was put in jail but later set free when General Thompson signed the Treaty of Payne's Landing. Osceola then continued his attacks on white camps and settlements.
  • Election of Martin Van Buren

    Election of Martin Van Buren
    Incumbent President Andrew Jackson decided to retire after serving 2 terms as the U.S. President. He supported his vice president, Martin Van Buren, in the Election of 1836 and he served as the next president. Van Buren won with 50% of the popular vote and 63% of the electoral votes.
  • Panic of 1837

    Panic of 1837
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    Martin Van Buren inheritied Andrew Jackson's financial policies, which contributed to the Panic of 1837. Many banks in the nation had closed down by 1837, many buisinesses began to fail and many people lost their land. Therefore making The Panic of 1837 was the worst econimic depression that had hit the Union yet.
  • The Trail of Tears

    The Trail of Tears
    In the early 1830's there were nearly 125,000 indians living on a million acres of land in the southern part of the Union which thier ancestors occupied and thrived for generations. By the end of the 1830's there were very few natives occupying the southeastern united states. The Native Americans were forced to leave their homeland by the U.S. federal government because settlers wanted to expand in their land and make their land into cotton fields.