The Jacksonian Era

  • Andrew Jackson Elected

    Andrew Jackson Elected
    Worst Election In HistoryAndrew Jackson is elected as the seventh president of the United States.He won his presidential campaign with 178 votes in the Electoral College a popular vote of 56%.
  • Georgia Claims Sovereignty

    Georgia Claims Sovereignty
    Georgia wants power of state government over poeple withing its boundaries, Including the Cherokees. The Cherokees enjoyed the way the government negotiated with them through treaties
  • South Carolina Nullifes Federal Tariff

    South Carolina Nullifes Federal Tariff
    The South Carolina state government declared that the tariff enacted earlier in the year by Congress was unconstitutional. In the meanwhile, Vice President John C. Calhoun writes the book, Exposition and Protest, explaining the doctrine of nullification or the right of an individual state to nullify federal laws that they can be considered and proven unconstitutional.
  • The Hayne vs.Webster Debate

    The Hayne vs.Webster Debate
    It was a debate between Robert Hayne, the Senator of South Carolina, and Daniel Webster, the Senator of Massachusetts, over states' rights and the meaning of the Union. It was triggered by a bill involving western lands, conflicting the posistion of state and federal authority.
  • The Maysville Road Veto

    The Maysville Road Veto
    President Andrew Jackson vetoes a congressional bill which would have authorized the government to invest $150,000 in the Maysville, Washington, Paris, and Lexington Turnpike Company.The bill could have started a new flux in the commerce and transportaion
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Indian Removal Act of 1830Congress passes the Indian Removal Act, giving the president the authority to gain ownership of all Indian lands forcing the Indians East of the Mississippi River. By 1835, about fourty-six thousand Indians were relocated at government expense.As a whole, there was little resistance from the Indians. Some tribes held their ground for a while, but their efforts were still in vain
  • Conclude: The Peggy Eaton Affair

    Conclude: The Peggy Eaton Affair
    John Eaton, secretary of war resigns from Andrew's cabinet. The Secretary of State, Martin Van Buren will also resign on April 11th. Both of them were jackson's most loyal officers. They left so that Jackson can request the resignations of all his other cabinet officers as part of a general reorganization of his government, Pretty much ending The Peggy Eaton Affair.
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Worcester v. Georgia
    The United States Supreme Court rules in the case of Worcester v. Georgia. Georgia law can now require white residents to obtain a license to reside on Cherokee lands.The Court now recognizes that the Cherokees are separate nation, subject to the authority of the federal government, but only the federal government, as negotiated by treaties.Samuel Worcester and the other missionaries were imprisoned by Georgia for refusing to register with the state government
  • First Democratic Convention

    First Democratic Convention
    The first national Democratic convention takes place in Baltimore, Maryland. Delegates attend from every state except Missouri. Andrew jacson was chosen to run the party. Martin Van Buren was chosen to run as vice president.
  • Jackson Vetoes Bank of the United States

    Jackson Vetoes Bank of the United States
    This bill was presented to Jackson on the 4th July. President Andrew Jackson vetoed the bill re-chartering the Bank Of The United States. The Bank's current charter will expire on 1 March 1836.
  • 1832 Tariff

    1832 Tariff
    The United States Congress passes another new law that reduces the tariff rates on most goods from 47% to 25% with the support of President Andrew Jackson. The administration's commitment to the tariff was due to need of the tariff as a necessary revenue measure and a rejection of southerners' complaints of it being constitutional.
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    How it happenedIt was initially brought up int the Haynes vs Webster debate. The Nullification Crisis. It was later brought up to be dealt with in a state convention called by the Georgia state legislature. The main focus was nullification. They agreed to the nullification of the tariffs of 1828 and 1832. Now if the federal government tries to force the tariff it would result in their secession.
  • Jackson Reelection

    Jackson Reelection
    Democrat Andrew Jackson defeats Republican Henry Clay to win reelection as president of the United States. In electoral college votes Jackson got 219 votes. Clay only recieves 49 votes. Martin Van Buren is elected vice-president.
  • Jackson Condemns Nullification

    Jackson Condemns Nullification
    Andrew Jackson issues a Proclamation to the People of South Carolina. This condemned nullification and asserted the power and authority of the federal government.
  • Calhoun Resigns

    Calhoun Resigns
    John C. Calhoun resigns as vice-president of the United States. Georgia state legislature had already chose him to replace Robert Hayne in The United States Senate.
  • Samuel Worcester Accepts Pardon

    Samuel Worcester Accepts Pardon
    Samuel Worcester and the other missionaries imprisoned by Georgia state government are released from jail. Even though they prevailed in their case in the Supreme Court. they refuse to pursue further in fear that it will erupt a growing crisis over states' rights and nullification.
  • Henry Clay Introduces Lower Tariff

    Henry Clay Introduces Lower Tariff
    In the House Of Representatives another bill is introduced by Henry Clay. It reduces the tariff rates even more. The bill passes the House Of Representatives on February 26, and the senate on March 1st
  • Force Bill

    Force Bill
    President Andrew Jackson requested the Force Bill. This bill is to let him use military force to implement the federal tariffs in South Carolina. Bill pases The House passes the bill on March 1st
  • Compromise Tariff

    Compromise Tariff
    President Andrew Jackson signs both the new compromise tariff and the Force Bill into law. This was used to resolve the Nullification Crisis.
  • South Carolina Nullification

    South Carolina Nullification
    South Carolina nullifies the tariffs of 1828 and 1832. Three days later the convention nullifies the Force Bill, declaring it null and void in the state of South Carolina.
  • Deposits Pulled from Bank of the United States

    Deposits Pulled from Bank of the United States
    Secretary of the Treasury Roger Taney declares that beginning October 1st, all federal government tax receipts will be deposited in one of seven state banks rather than in the Bank of the United States.
  • Jackson Censure

    Jackson Censure
    The United States Senate passes a resolution of censure against President Andrew Jackson. According to the senate, He assumed authority and power not conferred by the Constitution and laws in the removal of the federal deposits from the Bank of the United States.
  • Support for Jackson

    Support for Jackson
    The House of Representatives votes to support Andrew Jackson and his policy toward the Bank of the United States. They also vote to investigate the Bank of the United States and its role in creating the economic crisis present.
  • Cherokee Treaty Party

    Cherokee Treaty Party
    A small Cherokee group signs a treaty with the United States selling all of the Cherokees' territories to the United States for $4.5 million. The treaty was rejected because of the subsequent gathering of Cherokees.
  • Treaty of Echota

    Treaty of Echota
    A group of 500 Cherokees signs an agreement with the United States government agreeing to the sale of their lands and removal west of the Mississippi River. The U.S. ratifies the Treaty of Echota on 18 May 1836.
  • Bank of the United States Expires

    Bank of the United States Expires
    Jackson's war against the Bank of the United StatesThe Second Bank of the United States stops operating as a national bank. It received a new charter from Pennsylvania and reopened as the Bank of the United States of Pennsylvania.
  • Van Buren Elected

    Van Buren Elected
    Martin Van Buren is elected president of the United States. He receives 51% of the popular vote and 170 votes in the Electoral College. Since none of the four candidates running for vice president received the necessary votes to win, the Senate selected Richard Johnson as the new vice president.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    Trail of TearsThe first party of Cherokee begin the forced march westward to their new lands west of the Mississippi River which resulted in the deaths of many Cherokee. The path would later be named the Trail of Tears.