Oip (6)

Jackson and the Bank

By maci1
  • 2nd National Bank

    2nd National Bank
    The bank is usually led by a board of directors with ties to the industry. This means that it is biased to the urban and more northern states. Jackosn also didn't like that the bank was not funding expansion west. Jackson quickly became suspenseful of the bank's economic power and political power.
  • Investigation begins

    Investigation begins
    Jackson settled into the White House then began investigating the bank's policies and agendas. Jackson thought the businessmen represented oppression onto the common man. Nicholas Biddle the director of the bank used his own political power. He turned to congress which included Henry Clay.
  • Split in Jackson's Cabinet

    Split in Jackson's Cabinet
    Jackson vetoed a new charter for the bank. The bank was a big part of the election between Jackson and Henry Clay. Jackson wins because of his appeal to the common man of America. Jackson thought he could finally close the bank but Biddle stood up and said no.
  • Bank Re-charter Bill

    Bank Re-charter Bill
    The national bank charter faced the question of renewal. President Andrew Jackson, who had always been an avid supporter of state's rights, rejected the renewal of the bank. The issue of the bank's constitutionality and where monetary power should lie resurfaced, forming the platforms of the upcoming election.
  • Jackson's vetoes

    Jackson's vetoes
    Jackson took advantage of his presidential power and vetoed the bank's recharter bill. This caught the attention of his supporters and angered his enemies such as Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and Nicholas Biddle. Some thought he was abusing his executive power.
  • The Election of 1832

    The Election of 1832
    Jackson ran against Clay in a heated election. His platform focused on getting rid of the national bank, while Clay promised to support it. Once again, the opinions of the country were divided. Jackson was reelected by an overwhelming majority, and he was free to act on the bank issue.
  • Speculative boom

    Speculative boom
    A speculative boom is a false notion that money is in abundance and the economy is growing. With federal money moved closer to home, people thought that they were becoming richer. This led to a period of overspending and abuse of money that would in turn lead to the economic crash of 1837.
  • Closing of the Bank

    Closing of the Bank
    Jackson removed all federal funds from the bank. The bank became various little pet banks then officially expired after October. Jackson destroyed the bank.
  • the Removal of federal deposits

     the Removal of federal deposits
    Jackson began by taking nearly all the money from national reserves and distributing it to state "pet" banks. He thought that getting rid of the bank's money would cause it to collapse faster. It worked. The national bank collapsed at a rate that would lead the country into an economic crisis.
  • The Biddle Response

    The Biddle Response
    Biddle, president of the national bank, began taking actions to recharter the national bank. He spoke out against Jackson's harsh actions and rallied a large group of supporters. Congress voted to recharter the bank, but Jackson again vetoed. Biddle and his supporters claimed that Jackson was abusing his executive power.
  • Jackson's pet bank

    Jackson's pet bank
    Pet banks were privately funded state banks where Jackson deposited federal money. Although this hurt the economy and destroyed the national bank, the system of transferring money from the federal level to the state continued. People learned the importance of finding a balance between a strong national bank and a strong state bank.
  • Formation of the Whig Party

    Formation of the Whig Party
    The Whig Party was created because of Jackson's re-election in 1832 and him basically destroying the 2nd national bank, by his supporters who supported the bank linking up with the National Republicans.
  • Jackson's Abuse of Power

    Jackson's Abuse of Power
    Congress said, that Jackson abused his executive powers in the Bank Wars.
  • Expiration of the Bank Re-charter

    Expiration of the Bank Re-charter
    In 1836 the national bank's re-charter expired.
  • Specie Circular

    Specie Circular
    Another act was created by Jackson but carried out by president Van Buren who had taken office. This act required that land be purchased in gold and silver rather than paper money or bank notes. Jackson believed in paying traditionally for land. This led to a drastic decline in the value of paper money. Inflation greatly hurt the economy, and people(southerners) became angry at Van Buren rather than Jackson. The change in the presidency allowed people to see the necessity of a national bank.
  • Panic of 1837

    Panic of 1837
    A crisis in financial and economic conditions in the nation following changes in the banking system initiated by President Andrew Jackson and his Specie Circular effectively dried up credit. Other causes of the Panic of 1837 included the failure of the wheat crop, a financial crisis, and depression in Great Britain that led to restrictive lending policies. President Martin Van Buren was blamed for the Panic of 1837.
  • Presidential Election of 1840

    Presidential Election of 1840
    Van Buren lost the election to William Henry Harrison because of the blame and hate he got for the depression.