Unit 1: The clash of Cultures in the Americas (Prehistory - 1519)

  • 100

    First people enter North America from Asia - 70,000 BCE

    Hunters followed herds across a land bridge from Asia to North America. They were the first humans in the Americas.
  • 150

    Native Americans discover farming - 5,000 BCE

    The Native Americans learned that seeds of wild plants placed in the ground will grow into new plants, being their discovery of farming. It changed how many Native Americans lived. With farming, they could stop living as nomads.
  • Jan 1, 600

    Maya society reaches its peak - 300-900 CE

  • Jan 1, 1200

    Drought eliminated Anasazi villages

  • Nov 4, 1200

    Aztec settle in the valley of Mexico

    The Aztec sent out powerful armies and conquered their neighbors. Soon, they ruled an empire that covered most of Mexico.
  • Nov 4, 1235

    Mali is founded

  • Nov 4, 1324

    Mansa Musa travels to Mecca

    Mansa Musa began a pilgramage to the Muslim holy city of Mecca.
  • Nov 4, 1415

    Timbuktu becomes a center of learning

  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus sails from Spain to the Americas

    On August 3rd, 1492, Columbus sailed from Palos wirh three small ships. He reached an island three months later. Columbus believed he found the Indies, but instead of finding rich cities of gold and spices, he found Native Americans living in small villages.
  • Nov 4, 1494

    The Taino rebelled against Columbus

    Columbus conquered the Taino and forced them to build a new settlement. He put more than 500 Taino in chains and shipped them to Spain as slaves. The Taino rebelled against Columbus in 1494, but their simple weapons were no match for Spanish guns and cannon. The Spanish hunted down the Taino with attack dogs, and many Native Americans were brutally killed.
  • Nov 4, 1500

    The Spanish rulers took control of Santa Domingo from Columbus

    Columbus was a poor governer, so the Spanish rulers took control from him. The king and queen were upset by the violence against the Native Americans, and they were angry that Columbus was always arguing with Spanish settlers.
  • Nov 4, 1505

    The first colonies in the Caribbean were set up

    Native Americans were firmly under Spanish rule. All the Native American rebellions had been put down as well. Conquistadors were arriving from Spain ready to conquer new lands in the Americas.
  • Nov 4, 1505

    The first enslaved Africans were brought to the Caribbean by Spain

  • Sep 3, 1508

    Ponce de Leon led a force that took control of Puerto Rico

    Leon sailed to the Americas with Columbus in 1493 and he took part in conquest of Hispaniola. In 1508, he took control of Puerto Rico.
  • Jul 4, 1511

    A sermon was preached in Santo Domingo

    A sermon protesting the abuses of Native Americans was preached in Santo Domingo. Bartolome de las Casas felt very guilty when he heard those words.
  • Nov 4, 1511

    Las Casas moved to Cuba

    Las Casas gave up his lands and beame a parish priest. Casas watched as Native Americans were shipped in chains to Spainto spain and he wrote to the rulers in Spain about the injustice. Las Casas then devoted his life to ending the unjust system.
  • Mar 4, 1513

    Ponce de Leon sailed from Puerto Rico to Florida

    Ponce de Leon heard stories about a "fountain of youth", so in March 1513, he sailed from Puerto Rico and landed in a place that he named La Florida. He did not find the fountain of youth, but he was the first European to explore the mainland of the US
  • Nov 4, 1519

    Hernan Cortes begins his conquest of the Aztec Empire

  • Aug 3, 1521

    The Aztec surrended to Cortes

    After the Aztec surrendured, the Spanish destroyed the Aztec city and began a new city on its ruins. The new city was named Mexico City.
  • First people reached southern tip of South America - 8,000 BCE

    The migration to the Americas took thousands of years. When it finally ended, the Americas had people from the northern end to the southern end.