• First Russian Revolution

    Tsar Nicholas II Abdicates
  • Bolshevik Revolution

    Lenin establishes Cheka (Soviet secret police in December)
  • Period: to

    Russian Civil War

    Started after Lenin took Russia out of World War One.
    Bolsheviks had to fight until 1921 to consolidate control over soviet union.
  • Lenin Abolishes Constituent Assembly

    [The Draft Decree on the Dissolution of the Constituent Assembly was written by Lenin, January 6, 1918 and published in Pravda, No. 5 and Izvestia, No. 5, January 7, 1918.]
  • Period: to

    War Communism

  • Period: to


  • Stalin Becomes General Secretary

    Of Communist party, position gives him Unrivalled power.
  • Death of Lenin

    Now Power struggle to replace him.
    (Trotsky favourite, so Zinoviev and Kamenev unite with Stalin to try and stop him)
  • Stalin and Bukarin defeat United Opposition

    (Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev) Bukarin supports NEP, telling peasants to enrich themselves.
  • NEP Starts to Fail

    Stalin turns on Bukarin.
  • Bukarin Defeated & First 5 year plan

    First 5 year plan for agriculture begins in the soviet union, Ending NEP.
  • Seizure of grain becomes official policy

    In the countryside.
    Stalin decrees elimination of the kulaks as a class.
  • Ryutin Attacks Policies

    Ryutin attacks Stalin's poloicies, and Stalin is unable to execute him.
  • Sergei Kirov Assasinated

    (Stalin's no.2)
    Stalin introduces emergency decree against terrorism, giving NKVD greater powers.
  • Period: to

    The Great Purge

    -The beggining of show trials.
    -50 leading Bolsheviks are put on public trial and found guilty of crimes against the state.
    -Millions of citizens arrested, imprisoned and executed.
    -1936: Constitution is introduced.
  • Trotsky's Death

    Assasinated by Stalinist agent in mexico.
    Stalin now only survivor from lenin's original government of 1917.
  • Period: to

    Cold War

    Over next four years, Soviet Union establishes communist and totalitarian puppet states in Poland, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia.
  • Stalin's Death

    The worst excesses of Soviet Totolitarianism end but dictatorship continues.
  • Collapse of Communism in Soviet Union