Timeline of the Middle Ages

  • Aug 29, 1066

    William the Conquerer invades England

    William argued that Edward had previously promised the throne to him, and that Harold had sworn to support William's claim. William built a large fleet and invaded England in September 1066.
  • Aug 28, 1150

    Paper is first mass-produced in Spain

    Papermaking and manufacturing in Europe was started by Muslims living in present-day Portugal and Spain.
  • Jun 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    The Magna Carta was signed in June 1215 between the barons of Medieval England and King John. 'Magna Carta' is Latin and means "Great Charter". The Magna Carta was one of the most important documents of Medieval England.
  • Aug 29, 1270

    End of the Crusades

    Ignoring his advisers, in 1270 Louis IX again attacked the Arabs in Tunis in North Africa. He picked the hottest season of the year for campaigning and his army was devastated by disease. The king himself died, ending the last major attempt to take the Holy Land.
  • Aug 29, 1348

    The Plague

    The Black Death killed more than 20 million people in Europe, almost one-third of the continent’s population.
  • Aug 28, 1378

    Robin Hood's first appearance in literature

    The opening quote from Langland’s Piers Plowman (c. 1377) is Robin’s first appearance in a text, be it literary or historical, and it is not a shining reference.
  • Aug 29, 1387

    Chaucer writes the Canterbury Tales

    The Canterbury Tales is a collection of over 20 stories written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer at the end of the 14th century.
  • Aug 29, 1455

    War of the Roses

    The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic wars for the throne of England. They were fought between the houses of Lancaster and York.
  • Aug 29, 1485

    First printing of Le Morte d’Arthur

    Le Morte d'Arthur is a compilation by Sir Thomas Malory of romance-era tales about the legendary King Arthur, Guinevere, Lancelot, and the Knights of the Round Table.
  • Aug 29, 1485

    First Tudor King, Henry VII, is Crowned

    Henry VII was King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizing the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death on 21 April 1509, as the first monarch of the House of Tudor.