Timeline of Government and Law

  • 150


    8000 BCE (please ignore date shown)
    Villages were established with a couple people working in "government".
  • 200


    3500 BCE (please ignore date shown)
    Some villages are now small cities. The government now have a greater role in serving the citizens.
  • 200


    3500 BCE (please ignore date shown)
    Some rulers are religous, thus believing god gave him the authority to rule.
  • 200

    Nonreligious Rulers

    350 BCE (please ignore date shown)
    Later on nonreligous rulers also popped up. Examples are kings and emperors.
  • 210

    Hammutabi's Code

    1,800 BCE (please ignore date shown)
    Hammurabi was the king in Mesopotamia. He wrote down a code of laws for everyone to see for the first time. It dealt both with criminal and civil law.
  • 225

    The Start of Law

    2,000 BCE (please ignore date shown)
    The earliest laws had to have a good reason for people to follow, therefore, most times the punishment is DEATH! Ok fine, some other places also had prohibition or other forms of punishment. Punishment by death in Egypt and Mesopotamia is based on religion. It is believed that the law was given by god and pffending the law mean disobeying god, and disobeying god might get the whole city punished.
  • 225

    The Pharaoh

    The Pharaoh
    2,000 BCE (please ignore date shown)
    Along the Nile in Egypt, an absolute monarch was established, it is believed the the Pharaoh is the god Horus. It is half man, half god. Hid desicions are final. No appeals, no nothing. The Pharaoh had the divine right to rule.
  • 250


    400 BCE (please ignore date shown)
    The earliest form of democracy is now appearing in Ancient greece.
  • 300

    The Roman Empire

    200 BCE (please ignore date shown)
    The Roman Empire became the world superpower after defeating Carthage. It had a main government and local government branches.
  • 400

    The Roman's Fall

    The Roman Empire fell and was divided into various kingdoms. The government system fell with it as the barbarians invaded.
  • Jan 1, 700

    The Feudal System

    The Feudal System
    The feudal system appeared. The feudal system consists of a king, barons (nobles), knights, and peasants.
  • Jan 1, 700

    The Roman Catholic Church

    The Roman Catholic Church set the standards for constitutional government. It used divine law and human law.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    British Parliament

    The British Parliament was formed with a council and high-ranking ministers that helped and gave suggestions to the early kings. They helped the king make new laws and government policies.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Another Decline

    The feudal systme rapidly declined and kings with their governments became powerful.
  • Jan 1, 1300


    Nation-states (an area where the people have acommon culture, history, or language. It also have their own government) like England and France organized armies, laws, and courts. The citizens payed a tax in return for peace and a working government that serves the people well. Modern Europe was born.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    The British Parliament... Growing

    Now the Parliament includes elected citizens to represent the people in parliament.
  • The British Parliament... Total Control

    Now the Parliament has basically total control over the monarch.
  • American Colonies

    Each colony had a legislature with two houses and a governer like the United Kingdom.
  • The USA

    The United States had a Congress with two house and a constitution that was the supreme law.
  • Canada and Law

    Canada and Law
    Canada is now almost completely under the English Law. The only exception is Quebec, where a civil law was created based on the French Code Napoleon. Canada's criminal and private law is based on the English common and statutory law.
  • Constitution

    By now most European nation has a constitution.
  • Democracy... No

    Democracy... No
    Democracy isn't in all the parts of the world, France had a dictator Napoleon I, he used censorship and the secret police to keep in power. Dictators such as Hitler or Mussolini learnt strategies from Napoleon I.
  • Communisim

    The first communist government is established in Russia. The ancient Greece philosopher Plato had thoughts about communism, but modern communism is based on a German philosopher Karl Marx.
  • The Beginning

    The Beginning
    10,000 BCE (please ignore date shown)
    Primitive groups and tribes with several families and at least one leader were formed.