The Roman Republic Start and End

  • 600 B.C: Etruscan kings rule over Rome.

  • 509 B.C: Etruscan being overthrew by Rome

    509 B.C: Etruscan being overthrew by Rome and set up a republic. First there are two leaders of the republic were called consuls. Then there are Senates. Judges, assembles, and tribunes. The citizens were divided into two groups, patricians and plebeians.
  • 405B.C: The Twelve Tables

    405B.C: laws were carved on 12 bronze tablets called The Twelve Tables, which were placed in the Forum. The laws applied to both patricians and plebeians. Most were about wills, property rights, and court action.
  • 290 B.C: Rome was the leading power in central Italy.

    209 B.C: Rome was the leading power in central Italy, they were able to gain the territory because they have strong armies that were organized into legions. Each legion contained some 5000 soldiers called legionaries and was divided into groups of 60 to 120 soldiers
  • 275 B.C: Rome ruled the whole peninsula

  • 264 B.C: The First Punic War

    264 B.C: Punic Wars Begin, Punic Wars were the wars between Rome and Carthage. The Punic Wars were divided into three wars. First, Carthage’s military strength lay in its navy. The Roman modeled their ships and added corvus. Then Carthage lost, and agreed to make peace and left Sicily.
  • 218 B.C: The Second Punic War

    218 B.C: Second Punic War. Carthage was lead by Hannibal Barca. Carthage attacked the Roman land from the north. But they lost lot of elephants and soldiers because they were died from the cold and hunger.
  • 201 B.C: End of the second Punic War.

    201 B.C: End of the second Punic War. At last the Carthage lost the war and gave a huge sum of money, and all its territories, and Spain to Rome.
  • 250 B.C: Debt

    250 B.C: The election of tribunes and revording of laws were the first step to a more democratic government. Later, more plebeians were met. By 250 B.C, no one could be sold into slavery because of debt. Plebeians could hold public office.
  • 149 B.C: The Third Punic War

    149 B.C: Third Punic War begins. Rome burned Carthage and plowed salt into its fields so nothing would grow. They killed the Carthaginians or sold them into slavery.
  • 146 B.C: Rome ruled most of the Mediterranean World

    146 B.C: Greek city-state of Corinth and some of its allies refused to obey a Roman order. Then Rome attacked Corinth and burned down. Rome controlled Macedonia and Syria, added Greece. Rome ruled most of the Mediterranean World
  • 135 B.C: Roman Republic's Problem

    135 B.C: Government officials were too busy to getting rich to worry about solving the republic’s problems. Because famrers had lost their lands, they had also lost their economic and political independence. Merchants had become poorer because rich Romans could get luxuries elswhere. Aristans had lost business because rich Romans wanted goods from Greek and Syria.
  • Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus

    133 B.C: Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus became a tribune. Then he was the first reformer of Rome. He wanted to divide up public lands and give them to the poor. But then hundred of his followers were being killed
  • Gaius Sempronius Gracchus

    123B.C: Younger Brother of Tiberius Semproniis Gracchus Gaius Sempronius Gracchus was elected to a tribune. Gaius took over the sale of wheat and sold them to the poor below market price, or just gave free wheat.
  • Death Of Gaius Semproniis Gracchus

    121 B.C: The Senate began to feel threatened by some of Gaius Gracchus’s Ideas and then the Gaius Gracchus was being killed.
  • 107 B.C: Gaius Marius

    107 B.C: General Gaius Marius became a consul. Marius thought he could end Rome’s trouble by setting up a professional army. But another general Lucius Cornelius Sulla apposed him by taking Sulla’s order.
  • 90 B.C: Sulla made himself a dictator.

    90 B.C: Civil War broke out. When it was over, Sulla made himself a dictator. Sulla believed the way to end Rome's troubles was to increase the power of the Senate. So he doubled the Senate's size. He gave the Senators more duties and weakened the power of the tribunes. He also stopped henerals from holding the same army command for more than one year at a time.
  • 46 B.C: Julius Caesar appointed dictator of Rome

    46 B.C: When Sulla retired, a new group of general fought for control of Rome. In 60 B.C, political power passed to a triumvirate. they were three people who were Marcus Licinius Craccus, Gnaeus Pompeius, and Julius Caesar. But last Julius Caesar won.
  • 102 B.C-44B.C: Julius Caesar

    102 B.C-44B.C: He redistributed state lands in Italy and founded new colonies overseas. He began public works projects such as building roads and building roads and buildings and draining the marshes around Rome. He planned and paid for gladiatoral games that were free to the . public. He doubled the size of the Senates. Although this made the senators less poweful, it gave business people a chance to become senators. And that's why the senators stabbed him 23 stabs to death.
  • 31 B.C: Octavian becomes sole ruler of Roman Empire

    31B.C: The political power passed to another triumvirate. who were Marcus Antonius, Octavian, and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. But last Octavian won and he became the sole rulwe of Roman Empire