The Industrial Revolution

  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution Timeliine

  • The Spinning Jenny

    When: 1764
    Where: The United Kingdom
    Who: James Hargreaves
    Why: The yarn demand by weavers had increased by double, and so there needed to be a great increase in the amount of yarn that was created. Thus the Spinning Jenny was created to fulfill that demand. How: The spinning jenny worked by using multiple spindles to spin multiple things of yarn at a time.
  • Watts Steam engine

    When: 1765
    Where: Scotland
    Who: James Watt
    Why: James Watt’s steam engine was a great improvement on the original design, and he sold them for a large amount of money.
    How: Watt's steam engine functioned by heating up water with coal to produce steam, which spun a turbine.
  • The Water Frame

    When: 1769
    Where: Great Britain
    Who: Richard Arkwright
    What: The water frame was a machine that improved upon the spinning jenny's design by using power with a water wheel to spin yarn. The major difference was that
  • The Spinning Mule

    When: 1779
    Where: England
    Who: Samuel Crompton
    Why: The spinning mule was an invention that allowed for a single operator to spin more than 1000 spindles simultaneously. This allowed for a great increase in the amount of yarn.
  • The Steam Locomotive

    When: 1803
    Who: Richard Trevithick
    Where: Great Britain
    Why: The steam locomotive is a creation heralded by Richard Trevithick's design of a more efficient steam engine than Watt's, and the engine was used in many different factories due to being more efficient. The Steam Locomotive itself was created by George Stephenson, which the first line ran between Liverpool and Manchester.
  • Electric Motors

    When: Between the 1820's and 30's
    Who: Micheal Faraday
    Where: England
    Why: Micheal Faraday originally demonstrated a phenomenon that showed, if an electric current was passed in a coil of wire between two magnetic poles of a magnet, it would spin. This later became the basis for modern electric motors.
  • The Telegraph

    When: 1838
    Where: The United States Of America.
    Who: Samuel Morse
    What: The telegraph was originally invented by Samuel Morse, who created it in an effort to try to make long range communication possible.
  • The Internal Combustion Engine

    When: 1859
    Where: Belgium
    Who: Etienne Lenoir
    Why: The Original Internal Combustion Engine was far too inefficient to replace traditional Steam Engines. But the design was significantly altered by Nikolaus Otto, who introduced the 4 stroke cycle of Induction Compression Firing Exhaust.
  • The Telephone

    When: 1876
    Where: The USA
    Who: Alexander Graham Bell
    Why: The telephone was created as a way to speak to another person over a distance. It functioned relatively similarly to the way that we use them today, except for the fact that the signals were transferred solely through wire, instead of wirelessly like we do today.
  • The Automobile

    When: 1885
    Where: Germany
    Who: Karl Benz
    Why: Karl Benz created the Automobile originally, but most of the time the credit goes to Henry Ford, since he perfected the production line. The original automobile was created to make something lightweight that could traverse land quickly.