Revolucion industrial


  • Rotherham plow

    Rotherham plow
    The Rotherham plow was built in England in 1730; and its triangular shape made it easier to pull it and it was better adapted to be pulled by horses. It was built by the Dutch Joseph Foljambe and marks the beginning of its industrial manufacture.
  • Coke coal in blast furnaces

    Coke coal in blast furnaces
  • shuttle shuttle by Kay

    shuttle shuttle by Kay
    it allowed weaving wider pieces faster. The result was the lack of thread and, therefore, the beginning of improvements in the methods
  • spinning spinner jenny

    The Jenny Spinning is a multi-spool spinner that drastically reduced the work required to produce yarn. This machine, invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves, allowed a single worker to produce six times more thread than the ordinary spinning wheel, which provoked the wrath of the traditional spinners (Luddites) of Lancashire who saw their jobs endangered.
  • watt steam machine

    watt steam machine
    Interested in steam engines, invented by Thomas Savery and Thomas Newcomen, James Watt determined the properties of steam, especially the relationship of its density with temperature and pressure. He built and patented in 1769, from an atmospheric machine of Thomas Newcomen and Savery of 1712, the first steam engine with external condensing chamber for practical use.
  • wealth of nations

    wealth of nations
    The book The Wealth of Nations is probably one of the most important and decisive in history. Smith's book has impacted on the way of life of our society as very few have done and, despite this, a large part of the population living under his thesis does not know it.
  • thresher machine

    thresher machine
    the threshing machines destined to separate the grain from the straw or spike, consisted of a board of approximately 1 m wide by 1.5-2 m long with the front edge raised, where the lower edge was filled with stones located in rows so that they had cutting effect. In other types of old machines, the farmer climbed to them to make weight, while a cow, ox or horse, pulled it in a circle on piles of cereals, for example wheat already dry, separating the grain of the spikes
  • Edmund Cartwright, inventor of the mechanical loom

    Edmund Cartwright, inventor of the mechanical loom
    The first mechanical loom was designed in 1784 by Edward and was built in 1785, after being perfected by William Horrocks.1 This allowed textiles to be made much faster than a human being. In 1850, Cartwright designs were used in more than 250,000 machines in England.2
  • first steam boats

     first steam boats
    At the end of 1803, Robert Fulton launched to the Seine a ship whose propeller was a paddle wheel, moved by a steam engine, was badly received in France, and Fulton continued his experiments in the United States, in 1807 he launched his steam 240 km they separate New York from Albany by crossing the Hudson River.
  • Period: to


    Luddism was a social movement characterized by opposition to the introduction of modern machinery in the production process. It was developed during the early stages of the industrialization process and led to violent actions of machine destruction.
  • blinding machine

    blinding machine
    The heavy, painful and exhausting work of manual harvesting of wheat and other winter cereals with sickle or scythe was always one of the tasks that most demanded in the harvest of these crops. The first who managed to build a mower that worked properly was Patrick Bell (1801-1869), the son of a Scottish farmer. In 1827 he built a prototype and a year later an improved one with which he could carry out practical tests.
  • first unions

     first unions
    Faced with these preindustrial organizations, the unions were born in response to the problems posed by mechanization. They represented workers deprived of initiative and creativity in the productive process.
  • stephenson engine

    stephenson engine
    In 1821 he built a steam locomotive for the Darlington-Stockton train, which was the only serviceable and reliable for a long time. ... Therefore, George Stephenson can not be considered the inventor of the locomotive, but he is the most successful pioneer of the railroad at the beginning of the 19th century.
  • Great Trade Union

    Great Trade Union
    emerged with the Industrial Revolution, first as resistance to industrialization itself (Luddism) and then as a defense of workers' rights, subjected to the harsh conditions of proletarianization imposed by working conditions in factories, without the salary, working hours or other working conditions, could be subject to collective bargaining.
  • steel fabrication bessemer converter

    steel fabrication bessemer converter
    Henry Bessemer was an engineer, foundry of types of printing, pioneer of the modern iron and steel industry, and inventor of the steel refining process that bears his name (the Bessemer Process, which is applied in the Thomas-Bessemer furnaces of the steel industry).
  • 1 international

    1 international
    The International Workers Association (AIT) or First Workers' International (PIT), founded in London in 1864, was an organization that initially brought together English, French anarchist and socialist Italian and Republican unionists. Its aims were the political organization of the proletariat in Europe and the rest of the world, as well as a forum to examine common problems and propose lines of action.