The Industrial Revolution

  • The Bank Of England is established

    The Bank Of England is established
    On the 27 July 1694, The Bank Of England was founded. It was originally a private bank that acted as the banker to the Government. Funded to help the war effort against France. The King and Queen of the time, William and Mary were some of the original stockholders of the bank.
  • The beginning of the Industrial Revolution

    The beginning of the Industrial Revolution
    The Industrial Revolution began in England. The Industrial Revolution can be explained as the transformation between handcrafted products and machine crafted products. Machines were invented crazily during this period. The Industrial Revolution lasted until the start of the First World War.
  • Agricultural Revolution

    Agricultural Revolution
    In the 1700s Jethro Tull created the seed drill which simply created a hole put a seed in then covered said hole. The seed drill could do three rows of this at one time. It increased the yield by about 500% Charles Townshend used and popularised the four-year rotation system. Which took four years and every year the plant would change in each section. There were four sections each with something different growing in them. The four plants grown are Clovers, Wheat, Barley and Turnips.
  • Blast Furnace

    Blast Furnace
    Abraham Darby develops a blast furnace powerful enough to produce high-quality iron.
  • Atmospheric Engine

    Atmospheric Engine
    Thomas Newcomen creates an atmospheric engine which is considered to be the first practical steam engine.
  • Textile Machines

    Textile Machines
    The first textile machine was the Flying Shuttle in 1733. Which was followed by many other textile machines such as Spinning Jenny, Water Frame, Spinning Mule, Power Loom and the Cotton Gin. Each of these machines revolutionised the textile industry and allowed for faster production.
  • Seven Years War

    Seven Years War
    In 1763 Britan won the Seven Years War which allowed for an increase in trade routes and the items which could be sold.
  • James Watt

    James Watt
    James Watt creates an incredible steam engine which is the first to provide continuous power.
  • The puddling process

    The puddling process
    The puddling process originally created by Henry Cort is were pig-iron is melted into wrought iron. The pig-iron was melted with air and iron ore. This increased wrought iron production by 400%
  • The Boulton and Watt steam engine

    The Boulton and Watt steam engine
    The steam engine created by James Watt and Matthew Boulton is beginning to be implemented into textile factories this helps speed up production time.
  • The First Fleet

    The First Fleet
    1788 The First Fleet arrives with 11 ships of convicts, 1408 of them. The natives and Europeans fought over the land and after a while, the Europeans won and claimed Van Diemans Land. On the 26 Jan 1788, they raised the flag in Sydney Cove and named the land Australia.
  • The French Revolution

    The French Revolution
    The French Revolution only lasted 10 years starting in 1789 and finishing in 1799. It was where the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government. The French Revolution completely changed the social and political order in France.
  • Puffing Billy

    Puffing Billy
  • The first English railway

    The first English railway
    The first railway built in Britan was the Stockton and Darlington. The railway was used by a locomotive designed by George Stephenson. The railway was only used for transporting minerals.
  • Samuel Morse

    Samuel Morse
    Samuel Morse created the first long-distance communication device. Called the telegraph it worked by sending electrical signals over a wire between two stations. Samuel Morse later created a code (named after him) that assigned a set of dots and dashes to letters in the English alphabet, this was called Morse code.
  • Potato Blight

    Potato Blight
    The Potato Blight also known as either The Irish Potato Famine or the Great Hunger was when an infestation grew in the potatoes called Phytophthora infestans (P. infestans). The infestation caused 1 million Irish deaths due to the reliance on potato and another 1 million to flee.
  • Gold Rush

    Gold Rush
    1851 people form all over the world have heard of gold in Australia. The first discovery of payable gold was at Ophir NSW then at Ballarat and finally at Bendigo Creek, Victoria. The people that moved to Australia joined the Australian colonies. The Gold Rush led to a larger population and economy but most importantly led to a new national identity.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation
    When Abraham Lincoln was president he issued the Emancipation Proclamation which stated that all persons held as slaves within the rebellious states are, and henceforward shall be free. This took action of the 1 January 1863.
  • The first telephone

    The first telephone
    Alexander Graham Bell had an idea which he thought of trying to improve the capabilities of the telegraph, this new idea was the telephone. Allowing for voice to be transferred instead of single word codes. He called his invention the Harmonic telegraph. In 1875 he and his assistant Thomas Watson found a way to turn electricity into sound. The first telephone call was between Alexander and his assistant Thomas.