The Industrial Revolution

  • Rotherham plough

    Rotherham plough
    The plow of Rotherham built in England in 1730 by the Dutch Joseph Foljambe, consisting of a significant improvement of the grille-mouldboard assembly, by replacing the wood with iron, achieving a plow noticeably lighter and less heavy to strip. Farmers can open furrows in the soil and remove the soil before planting.
  • Use of coke in blast furnaces

    Use of coke in blast furnaces
    The discovery of Darby in 1732, which used coking coal (coal distilled from its sulfur elements a blast furnace), gave the first impetus to the steel industry and inextricably linked coal and iron. VIDEO:
  • Kay´s flying shuttle

    Kay´s flying shuttle
    The flying shuttle,first step in the mechanization of work and the participation of the weavers' productivity.It consisted of the mechanism of the levers that pushed the shuttle along a track,this made it possible to manufacture the fabrics wider than before in the field of action of the human arm.It allowed the weaving work off the work by a single,as well as the cotton pieces at a higher speed than can be achieved with the manual skill of the worker.
  • Spinning machine spinning jenny

    Spinning machine spinning jenny
    The Jenny Spinning is a multi-spool spinner. It was invented by James Hargreaves at Stanhill in northwest England. The device dramatically reduced the amount of work required to produce yarn, giving a single worker the ability to work with eight or more reels both.It worked with human energy and its small size allowed it to be adapted to home work. This caused the fear of the workers to lose their jobs, so in some places they rebelled to destroy them.
  • Watt´s steam engine

    Watt´s steam engine
    It was the first practical steam engine of the industrial revolution.
    James Watt developed the design sporadically from 1763 to 1775 with the support of Matthew Boulton. Watt's design saved a significantly greater amount of fuel compared to previous designs, since He granted them a license according to the amount of fuel they would save. Watt never stopped developing the steam engine, presenting double action designs (with two cylinders) and several systems to remove the rotating power.
  • Adam Smith: The Wealth Of Nations

    Adam Smith: The Wealth Of Nations
    An investigation into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations is the most celebrated work of Adam Smith, considered the first modern book of economics. Smith develops economic theories on the division of labor, the market, currency, the nature of the wealth, the price of goods in labor, wages, profits and the accumulation of capital. It examines different systems of political economy, in particular, mercantilism and physiocracy.
  • Thershing machine

    Thershing machine
    A thresher is an agricultural machine that separates the grain of wheat and other cereals from the straw, eliminates it and cleans the grain by shakers. It gathers, in a single machine, three tasks that since antiquity were carried out separately: the threshing, the fanning and the cleaning of the grains.
  • Cartwright´s mechanical loom

    Cartwright´s mechanical loom
    The machine was patented in 1785,although the design flaws made it practically unusable.Two years later it built an improved version. Cartwright incorporated a crank of eccentric wheels that operated the slats separately;a device to stop the loom when a shuttle did not enter its corresponding box,mechanisms that prevented the shuttle from bouncing when hitting the bottom of the box.In the years that followed,he and other engineers made some improvements and the mechanical loom was I used widely.
  • First steam boats

    First steam boats
    Robert Fulton launched to the Seine a ship whose propeller was a paddle wheel,moved by a steam engine,was badly received in France,and Fulton continued his experiments in the United States,in 1807 he launched his steam 240 km they separate New York from Albany by crossing the Hudson River.With this same boat, the first regular steam service would be established.This steam had some wheels with paddles on both sides of the helmet,a design that for a time extended a lot.
  • Luddism (1811-1817)

    Luddism (1811-1817)
    Luddism was a social movement characterized by opposition to the introduction of modern machinery in the production process. It was developed during the early stages of the industrialization process and led to violent actions of machine destruction.
  • Mechanical reaper

    Mechanical reaper
    The first who managed to build a mower that worked properly was Patrick Bell.He built a prototype and a year later an improved one with which he could perform practical tests.This mower,which could cut an acre in an hour,was used in the exploitation of his father.Bell did not patent his invention nor did he dedicate himself to making mowers.He studied theology and exercised his religious ministry.There were others who manufactured Bell mowers,which were even exported.
  • First trade unions

    First trade unions
    The British workers movement emerged with the Industrial Revolution,first as resistance to industrialization itself and later as a defense of workers rights, subjected to the harsh conditions of proletarianization imposed by working conditions in factories,without the salary,the working day or other working conditions,could be subject to collective bargaining.The repeal in 1824 of the Combination Acts which prohibited associations,allowed the development of Trade Unions, organized sectorially.
  • Stephensenson`s steam locomotive

    Stephensenson`s steam locomotive
    The first railroads used cavalries to drag cars on rails.This machine had a single cylinder,had a flywheel and the transmission of force to the wheels was done by gears.The Salamanca,first locomotive of John Blenkinsop zipper using animal strength to drag the wagons,until the shortage of horses and its high costs as a result of the Napoleonic wars forced to look again at the locomotives.Finally in 1812 Matthew Murray designed and built the locomotive Salamanca in the Wood workshops.
  • Grand National Consolidated Trade Union

    Grand National Consolidated Trade Union
    The workers' movement is a political movement in which salaried workers associate, "temporarily or permanently, for professional or political purposes, but always in function of their working nature", that is, their status as "persons who he sells his work force to another, called capitalist, who owns the means of production and who also owns the goods produced ".
  • Bessemer conerter steel manufacturing

    Bessemer conerter steel manufacturing
    It was the first chemical manufacturing process that was used for the manufacture in series of steel, cast in ingots, of good quality and with little cost from the pig iron. It was named in honor of Henry Bessemer, who obtained the patent in 1856.Also It had been used outside of Europe for hundreds of years, but not on an industrial scale. The key principle is the removal of impurities from iron by the oxidation produced by the blowing of air into the molten iron.
  • First International

    First International
    It was born in response to the exploitation suffered by workers as a result of the industrial revolution. Its objective is to achieve a more just and egalitarian social order fighting against capitalism.It is a symbol of international solidarity among workers over the borders.They formed a committee whose mission was to draft a program and statutes for an International Workers' Association that was later known as the First International.VIDEO advance at 1.25://