The Industrial Revolution altered the way in which goods were made, and the way the people lived.
The first factory was built in Soho, Birmingham and was owned by a man named Matthew Boulton. The factory took over homes as the main centre of production and people from rural areas were coming to work there.
The Spinning Jenny
The spinning Jetty was invented by James Hargreaves in 1764. The spinning jenny would make double the amount of yarn that the flying shuttle would have made. The spinning jenny reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn
Factories replace homes as the centre of production
During the Industrial Revolution Factories took over Homes as the centre of production. It was much larger allowing big machines to make bigger and better resources and also quicker.
Machines Replacing Humans as the Centre of Production
After the first factory was built machines took over the humans as the centre of production. Humans were required to run the machines but the machines would produce goods quicker and better.
First Reliable Steam Engine
The first reliable steam engine was improved by James Watt. There were steam engines before but it consumed a lot of coal which would mean Britain wouldn'tget as much profit for the coal they mined. In 1769 James Watt improved the steam engine and the new steam engine would consume a lot less coal then the steam engines Britain were using before.
Richard Arkwright patents the water frame
The water frame is the name given to a water powered spinning frame. This invventionn was patented in 1769 by Richard Arkwright. Even though John Kay invented it Richard Arkwright patented it because John Kay was working for Richard.
During Urbanism most people left their farms moving to the city hoping to find a job that could give them more money than working on farms. During Urbanism cities got packed and farms were left unwanted.
When the Industrial Revolution hit Countries like Britain and Germany Population Growth started in the places where there were factories because you would get more money working there then working in the country on farms.
Invention of the stemship
In 1774, Claude de Jouffroy invented the first steamship. Claude's steamship invention gave the trade a big boost. With the steamship invented it allowed countries to trade resources easier to one another.
Problems in Cities
Around 1770 after a lot of people had moved to the cities, problems started to occur. The problems were people being left homeless, diseases spreading, poor sanitary conditions, crowded streets and poverty. WIth problems in the cities like these it would mean a lot of humans could die at a young age.
Invention of the submarine
In 1776, David Bushnell designed and invented the submarine torpedo boat.The one-man vessel submerged by admitting water into the hull and surfaced by pumping it out with a hand pump. Powered by a pedal-operated propeller.
Standards of living got better
Around 1776 when the population growth had hit living standards in places that got hit were really bad like Britain, Germany and The United States. Over time until it was around the 1780's living standards had got more better and there was a less chance of getting a disease.
Trade between countries increased
After the invention of the steamship in 1775, trade between countries got bigger since we could trade between different countries thanks to the steamship.
Invention of the steamboat
In 1786 John Fitch invented the first steamboat. This steamboat was different to the steamship because the steamship would transport big and bulky items unlike the steamship which would transport the people to their destination.
Invention of gas turbine
In 1791 John Barber got a patent for his invention, the gas turbine. His gas turbine was to burn gas obtained from wood, coal, oil, or other substances, heated in a retort or producer, from where the gases were conveyed into a receiver and cooled
First Steamboat service
On the 7th of August, 1807, Robert Fulton's Clermont went from New York city to Albany making history with a 150 mile trip taking 32 hours at an average of 5 miles per hour.
George Stephenson begins rail service
In 1830, George Stephenson was the chief engineer for several railways but the first public railway he built was in 1830, from Liverpool to London
The Electric Telegraph
The Electric telegraph was invented by Samuel Morse. The electric telegraph would communicate to people from far distance. The way it worked is it would transmit electrical signals over wires which would then translate into a message. The method was called the Morse code.
Chartism was a working class movement that started in 1838 mostly in the countries that were affected by industrial revolution. It had six demands which were:
1. A vote for every man over the age of 21;
2. A secret ballot;
3. No property qualification for members of Parliament;
4. Payment for MPs (so poor men could serve);
5. Constituencies of equal size;
6. Annual elections for Parliament.
Samuel Cunard begins translantic steamship service
In 1840, Samuel Cunard's created a stemship company called Cunard Steamships Limited, Later in the year the comapny's first steamship, the Britannia sailed from Liverpool to Hafilax, Nva Scotia and Boston. With Cunard and 63 other passengers, marking the beginning of regular passenger and cargo service.
Ballarat gold mines rush
After the gold mine in Ballarat were found a rush of people from all around the country and other countries came. The main domination of people there were the chinese. The goldfields were mainly filled with chinese and they set up their own camp with their own chinese temple.
Improved Sewing Machine
In 1851, Isaac singer improved all the sewing machines invented before and was patented for having the best practical sewing machine that did its job best.
Ballarat Gold mines discovered
On the 2nd onf August, 1851 a gold region down south was discovered by Thomas Hiscock. The find brought other people to this place and the first people to find gold there were John Dunlop and James Regan.
Mass Production of steel invented
In 1856 an engineer and inventor whose name was Henry Bessemer invented the mass production of steel. The Bessemer coverter was the invention that bolstered molten steel using ceratin alloys then it was poured and made into shape.
Alexander Graham Bell invents telephone
Alexander Graham Bell was interested in deaf people throughout his life. This interest led him to invent the microphone and in 1876 he invented the "electical speech machine" which we no call a telephone. By 1884 lond distance connections were made between Boston, Massachusetts and New York City,
Edison invents phonograph
In 1877 Thomas Edison created the first phonograph. Edison was trying to improve the telgraph transmitter, he noticed that when the transmitter worked at a high speed it spoke the words that the paper tape was making.
Edison invents the indandescent light bulb
In 1879, Thomas Edison invented the indandescent light bulb. He used lower current electricity, a small carbonized filament, and an improved vacuum inside the globe to make the globe.
Karl Benz invents first petrol automobile
In 1885 a car engineer whose name was Karl Benz invented the first petrol powered automobile. Karl Benz named his automobile Mercedes Benz and was granted a patent for his invention in 1885.
First Wireless Telegraph
The first wireless telegraph was invented by Guglielmo Marconi who was a scientist in the field of radio transmission. The telgraph could talk with no wires over a long distance of land mass. The first message through the wireless telegraph was from Cornwall to Newfoundland
Wright Brothers invent first powered flight
Orville and Wilbur Wright were two American brothers who were inventors and aviation pioneers. In 1903 they invented and built they the world's first successful airplane and also the first controlled airplane.