Prima rivoluzione industriale1

the industrial revolution

  • The plow Rotherham

    The plow Rotherham
    The plow is a tool used in agriculture to prepare and remove the soil before sowing the seeds. The plow Rotherham was costrid in England in 1730. Its triangular shape made it easier to pull it and it was better suited to be pulled by horses. It was built by the Olandes Joseph Foljambe. It marks the beginning of the industrial rivolucion.
  • Coke coal in blast furnaces

    Coke coal in blast furnaces
    The blast furnace is an industrial facility dedicated to the production of pig iron or raw iron. Pig iron is the first process that is performed to obtain steel, the materials used are: Coke coal, limestone and iron ore. The Coke burns as a fuel to heat the furnace, and when it burns it releases carbon monoxide, which combines with the iron oxide of the ore and reduces it to metallic iron.
  • shuttle loom Kay

     shuttle loom Kay
    Kay increased the effectiveness of the loom with the invention of the flying shuttle, composed of four rollers that moved by means of two wooden rackets and a string that the weaver held in his hand.This resulted in the manufacture of fabrics of greater width, since it exceeded the field of action of the human arm. The flying shuttle allowed the weaving work to be executed by only one worker;You could also weave pieces of cotton faster than you could achieve with the manual skill of the worker.
  • Spinning spinner jenny

    Spinning spinner jenny
    Spinning Jenny, multi-spool spinning machine, invented in 1765 by James Hargreaves Reduced the work for thread production, mechanically reproduced spinner movements and gave a single worker the ability to handle eight or more reels at a time.
  • Steam machine by J.Watt

    Steam machine by J.Watt
    James Watt invented the steam engine in 1769, and revolutionized production and transport systems. He used coal as fuel, allowing the abandonment of hydraulic energies or human strength and becoming the symbol of the Industrial Revolution.
  • The Wealth of Nations, by Adam Smith.

    The Wealth of Nations, by Adam Smith.
    The Wealth of Nations, by Adam Smith, is one of the most important books ever written. Smith discovered that economic specialization and cooperation were the keys to raising living standards. It broke the old ways of thinking about exchange, trade and public policy, and led to the emergence of a new field of study: economics.
  • Mechanical threshing by Andrew Meikle

    Of British nationality in 1780 Andrew Maikle gave rise to the Mechanical Thresher It was designed for the separation of grain from stems and husks. The mechanization of this process took much of the monotony of agricultural labor. This was a breakthrough in agriculture.
  • mechanical loom by Cartwright

    As the Mules needed a lot of space due to their large size and complexity, the previous systems disappeared to make room for the "Factory" that was giving way to the real textile factory, when the next discovery came: the loom moved by machines Steam: "Mechanical loom" Its creator: Edmund Cartwright. He invented it so that a loom, moved mechanically, without human intervention, could absorb all the cotton yarn production, which had multiplied thanks to the Cromoton mule.
  • First steam boats

    The first time that steam was used to propel a ship was recorded in 1786: in that year, the American inventor John Fitch threw a small steamboat on the Delaware River. Thanks to a later design, it reached a speed of more than 10 km / h on a second steamboat that it built in 1788. The American inventor Robert Fulton built his first ship of wheels in 1807, and in a few years new ships were used. This type in inland waters.
  • The Luddism

    Luddism was a social movement that was characterized by opposition to the introduction of modern machinery in the production process. It was developed during the early stages of the industrialization process and led to violent actions of machine destruction.It was developed between 1811 and 1817 mainly in England, and its intervention was marked by a wave of threats, disturbances that intimidated employers and provoked government intervention.
  • The mechanical mower

    In 1840, with the advent of the Cyrus McCormick reaper, farmers were encouraged to plant more hectares. The shortage of wheat was replaced by abundance. McCormick's mechanical mower cut the wheat with movable blades placed in straight bars. The rotating movement of the heavy master wheel rotated the blades as the horses advanced. Total wheat production more than tripled.
  • The first unions

    In 1825, in England, the cradle of industrialization, the first associations of workers were born. Their objective was the union of the workers to achieve labor and wage improvements, operating as boxes of resistance against adversities such as illness or unemployment.
    At the end of that century, through repressive legislation, the "Combination Laws" prohibited all types of workers 'associations, which made workers' organizations illegal.
  • The steam locomotive

    from 1829 with the invention of the steam locomotive there was an improvement in communications. The railroad was his ancestor, it was used to transport the minerals inside the mines. The inventor of the locomotive was Stephenson who tried to operate the railroad with a steam engine. From that moment on the railway lines began to develop the use of this new machine.
  • Great trade unions

    The British workers movement emerged with the Industrial Revolution, first as resistance to industrialization itself (Luddism) and later as a defense of workers' rights, subjected to the harsh conditions of proletarianization imposed by working conditions in factories, without the salary, the working day or other working conditions, could be subject to collective bargaining.
  • steel Bessemer converter

    Bessemer was a prolific inventor, but is best known for his innovations in the steel industry that greatly increased the annual production of steel in England. In 1856 he introduced a new method of steel production using a special furnace called Converter. The Converter was able to produce Larger amounts of refined steel. In 1856 he patented the incinerated converter that produced steel more efficiently than the previous fixed furnace.
  • Karl Marx and the First International

    The First International of the workers, founded in London in 1864, was an organization that initially grouped the English trade unionists, French anarchists and socialists and Italian republicans. Its aims were the political organization of the proletariat in Europe and the rest of the world, as well as a forum to examine common problems and propose lines of action. Karl Marx, Friedrich and Engels collaborated on it. The great tensions led to the split between both sectors.