The Industrial Revoltion TImeline

  • Thomas Savery Patenets First Model

    Thomas Savery Patenets First Model
    Thomas Savery was an English Military engeneer and inventor who patenented the first crude model of a steam engine in 1698.
    He had based his model off of a pressure cooker. This was the start of the steam engine which some consider the most important invention of the industrial revolutioin.
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    The Steam Engine

    Thomas Savery patented the first crude steam engine in 1698. Thomas Newcomen improved on this design. However, it wasn't until Scotsman James Watt improved on the steam engine in the second half of the 18th century that it became a truly viable piece of machinery that helped start the Industrial Revolution. Steam powered machinery is still widely used to this day. See more about the steam engine's mechanics here.
  • Thomas Newcomen Improves upon Savery's Design

    Thomas Newcomen Improves upon Savery's Design
    Thomas Newcomen was an English blacksmith who invented the atmospheric steam engine, which was a great improvement over Savery's older model. Newcomen's engine was one of the most fascinating peices of technology in the 1700's.
  • James Watt's Steam Engine

    James Watt's Steam Engine
    Jame's Watt was a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer. In 1765 he was given a job that required him to repair one of Thomas Newcomen's Steam Engines, which was very flawed but still considered the best Steam Engine model of that time. Watt began to improve upon the older model and made it more efficent,
  • Watt Patenets a seperate condenser

    Watt Patenets a seperate condenser
    Watt's most notable improvement was his patent for a seperate condenser connected to a cylinder by a valve. Unlike Newcomen's engine, Watt's design had a condenser that could be cool while the cylinder was hot. Watt's design soon became the dominate design and helped bring about the industrial revolution.
  • The Start of Steam Engines in Factories

    The Start of Steam Engines in Factories
    Watt teamed up with Matthew Boulton in 1775 and together they paved the way for the wider introduction of the steam engine into industry. Boulton was the one who pushed Watt to invent a Steam Engine that could be used in factory settings. Watt invented a different type of steam engine that could power the machines in factories, steam engines were mainly used in textile factories. The demand for steam engines was very high and Watt and Boulton had a difficult time keeping up with the orders.
  • James Watt's Patenet Expires

    James Watt's Patenet Expires
    In 1800 Watt's patenet expired resulting in an explosion of steam powered inventions and innovations, however, most of the inventions never got very far because steam engines were difficult to build and manufacter.
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    Heroin is an extremely harmful drug that was derived from morphine, one of the first painkillers, its is highly addictive and is still widely used today.
    If you are interested in the effects of herion and herion addiction click here
  • Hypodermic Needles

    Hypodermic Needles
    Hypodermic needle-syringes with a point fine enough to pierce the skin are invented simultaneously by Charles Gabriel Pravaz (French surgeon) and Alexander Wood (Scottish physician). It is first used to inject morphine intravenously.
  • Invention and Discovery of Heroin

    Invention and Discovery of Heroin
    Heroin was first synthesized from Morphine by chemist C.R. Alder Wright at St. Mary's Hospital in London. However, when it was invented, herion was not recognized for the drug it is today.
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    The Phonograph

    The Phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison in 1877, it was the first machine that could playback recorded sound, this was revolutionary because it had so many possibilities. In today's modern world we have MP3 players and many other tools that cand playback sound, we owe this all to the phonograph.
    The Phonograph
  • The Invention of The Phonograph

    The Invention of The Phonograph
    The phonograph was developed as a result of Thomas Edison's work on two other inventions, the telegraph and the telephone. In 1877, Edison was working on a machine that would transcribe telegraphic messages through indentations on paper tape, which could later be sent over the telegraph repeatedly. This development led Edison to speculate that a telephone message could also be recorded in a similar fashion.
  • The Edison Speaking Phonograph Company

    The Edison Speaking Phonograph Company
    The Edison Speaking Phonograph Company was established to exploit the new machine by exhibiting it. Edison received $10,000 for the manufacturing and sales rights and 20% of the profits. As a novelty, the machine was an instant success, but was difficult to operate except by experts, and the tin foil would last for only a few playings.
  • Alexander Graham Bell's Graphophone

    Alexander Graham Bell's Graphophone
    Alexander G. Bell and Charles Sumner Tainter made some improvements on Edison's invention, chiefly by using wax in the place of tin foil and a floating stylus instead of a rigid needle which would incise, rather than indent, the cylinder. A patent was awarded to C. Bell and Tainter on May 4, 1886. The machine was exhibited to the public as the graphophone.
  • Herion is on the Market

    Herion is on the Market
    Heroin is synthesized by Felix Hoffman at Bayer Pharmaceutical. Bayer immediately recognized its potential and began marketing it heavily for the treatment of a variety of respiratory ailments.
    One year after beginning sales, Bayer exports heroin to 23 countries.
  • Heroin Addiction is Recognized

    Heroin Addiction is Recognized
    Doctors and pharmacists begin noticing that patients are consuming large amounts of heroin containing cough remedies in the early 1900s.
  • The Mass Production of Wax Cylinders

    The Mass Production of Wax Cylinders
    A process for mass-producing duplicate wax cylinders was put into effect in 1901. The cylinders were molded, rather than engraved by a stylus, and a harder wax was used. The process was referred to as Gold Moulded, because of a gold vapor given off by gold electrodes used in the process. Sub-masters were created from the gold master, and the cylinders were made from these molds. From a single mold, 120 to 150 cylinders could be produced every day.
  • People Become Aware of What They're Consuming

    People Become Aware of What They're Consuming
    Pure Food and Drug Act goes into effect, regulating the labeling of products containing Alcohol, Opiates, Cocaine, and Cannabis, among others.
  • Vinyl Records Take Over

    Vinyl Records Take Over
    Many other materials were tested in recording sounds, but in 1910 the vinyl record quickly became the most popular way to play music. Some people still say that vinyl records produce the clearest and best sound quality.
  • Cassetes are Introduced

    Cassetes are Introduced
    Cassete tapes are the first truly portable music devices, when they were first introduced in the early 1960's they had a very rough sound quality and were fairly expensive. However, the prices were lowered and teenagers were their main buyers. The sound quality of cassete tapes slowly got better and more and more people became interested in their portability.
  • Compact Discs

    Compact Discs
    Compact Discs were invented before the 1970s by James T. Russel, he originaly invented them to store data from computers. However, the first successful audio recording on a CD was made in the early 1970s and they slowly but steadily rose to popularity, reaching their peak in 2000.
  • MP3 Players

    MP3 Players
    In 1997, developer Tomislav Uzelac of Advanced Multimedia Products invented the AMP MP3 Playback Engine, the first successful MP3 player. Two university students, Justin Frankel and Dmitry Boldyrev ported AMP to Windows and created Winamp. In 1998, Winamp became a free MP3 music player boosting the success of MP3. Ever since then MP3 players have dominated the music recording industry and the invention of this technology has resulted in iPods, Zunes, ect.
  • Heroin Still at Large.

    Heroin Still at Large.
    Although it is difficult to obtain an exact number of heroin users because of the transient nature of this population, several surveys have attempted to provide estimates. A rough estimate of the hardcore addict population in the United States places the number between 750,000 and 1,000,000 users and growing.