History: Industrial revolution Timeline

By Aeyre99
  • 1700 Jethro Tull's seed drill

    1700 Jethro Tull's seed drill
    Before Jethro Tull's seed drill seeds were just scattered over the dirt, most seeds didn't root. Jethro's invention increased efficiency by 500%. There was three steps to the machine, first it dug a hole, then put the seed in the hole and then filled it up with dirt. It did this with three rows a once. Two horses would be at the front with one person at the back guiding it.
  • (Charles) Turnip townshend four crop rotation system

    (Charles) Turnip townshend four crop rotation system
    Charles Townshend used a four crop rotation system where every year one of the four vegetables would be on a field. There were four main vegetables, wheat, turnip, cloves and barley. Year 1 wheat would be in field 1, turnip field 2, cloves field 3 and field 4 barley then all crops would rotate on to the next field. This caused there to be extra food which was given to the live stock, meaning more production of meat and vegetables.
  • Abraham Darby (Blast Furnace)

    Abraham Darby (Blast Furnace)
    Abraham Darby developed a blast furnace able to create high quality iron. Instead of using charcoal he used coke. Coke is a grey and hard fuel with high carbon content.
  • Thomas Newcomen (Steam Engine)

    Thomas Newcomen (Steam Engine)
    Thomas Newcomen developed the first atmospheric engine, the first practical engine. The engine was built to pump water by generating power from atmospheric pressure.
  • Britain Vs France War

    Britain Vs France War
    Britain finally defeated France in a seven year war. From that war Britain took over the area of Florida and upper Canada.
  • James Watts invention (Steam Engine)

    James Watts invention (Steam Engine)
    James Watt invented a steam engine capable of powering an industry. This provided continuous power. James Watt was given one of Thomas Newcomen's steam engines to repair, he realised that it was very inefficient and the began to improve it.
  • Power Loom

    Power Loom
    The first power loom was invented by Edmund Cartwright in 1784 and was finished in 1785. Edmund realised hand looms were slow and required multiple laborers to operate. The power loom is significant because it used mechanization to automate most of the weaving process.
  • First fleet arrives in Australia

    First fleet arrives in Australia
    The first fleet arrived in Australia in 1788. It contained eleven ships containing convicts this was because prisons in Britain were overflowing. When they arrived they started a British colony.
  • The french revolution

    The french revolution
    In 1789 the french revolution started it lasted ten years. During the french revolution, citizens destroyed and rebuilt their county's political landscape, such as the monarchy and the feudal system.
  • Combination act

    Combination act
    The combination act made it so workers couldn't come together to protest against workers rights and wages. If you where seen in the strike you would either go to jail or you would be executed.
  • Luddites

    During the Industrial revolution a group called Luddites named after Ned Luddites, would destroy textile machines by throwing wooden shoes breaking the machines. It was a way to protest against wage reductions. This was during the 19th century
  • Puffing Billy

    Puffing Billy
    The first working locomotive known as puffing billy was built. It transported coal. It was built by William Hedley, Jonathan Forster, and Timothy Hackworth. It was used until 1862.
  • Public steam railway

    Public steam railway
    The first English public railway went from Stockton to Darlington. The fastest it went was 24km an hour. The purpose of it was to move coal but a passenger car was added enough for eighteen people to ride on.
  • Factory Act

    Factory Act
    The factory act meant that kids could not work at night time and depending on what age they had a maximum amount of work hours in factories. Children under 8 didn't work, 9-13 were aloud 9 hours a day and 13-18 were aloud 12 hours a day.
  • Samuel Morse (Telegraph)

    Samuel Morse (Telegraph)
    Samuel Morse developed the single wire telegraph. The telegraph was used by morse code, for long distances. So most of the time it was simple messages.
  • Potato Blight

    Potato Blight
    In 1845-1849 there was a great famine due to potato blight and also diseases spread from the potatoes. The population fell by 25%. During this people were moving away so they could find food and to get away from the diseases.
  • Australia's gold Rush

    Australia's gold Rush
    People from all over the world traveled to Australia for their chance of gold.They came into the colonies changing Australia forever. It boosted the economies and population but it also destroyed the land. The first discovery of gold was in Ophir New South Wales and then at Ballarat Victoria.
  • Alexander Graham Invention (Telephone)

    Alexander Graham Invention (Telephone)
    Alexander Graham invents the first telephone which was then tested in 1872. Then in 1876 he patents the telephone. This changed the way of communication largely, it made it easier to communicate to each other.
    Fun fact: The first words said on a telephone was "Mr Watson, come here I need to see you."