Geo 1.1


  • Rotherham plough

    Rotherham plough
    The Rotherham plough was built in England in 1730; and its triangular shape made it easier to throw and adapted better to be pulled by horses.
    It was built by the Dutch Joseph Foljambe and marks the beginning of its industrial manufacture.
  • Use of coke in blast furnaces

    Use of coke in blast furnaces
    This process is done at temperatures at very high temperatures in closed ovens and to which calcite is added to improve its combustion, which isolates it from the air, and which only contains a small fraction of the volatile materials that are part of it.
  • Kay's flying shuttle

    Kay's flying shuttle
    The shuttle shuttle, created by John Kay in 1733, was the first step in the mechanization of the loom and significantly increased the productivity of the weavers.
    It consisted of a mechanism of levers that pushed the shuttle down a track.
  • Spinning machine/ Spinning jennny

    Spinning machine/ Spinning jennny
    The spinning machine is an instrument for manually spinning textile fibers.
    The spinning Jenny was a multi-coil spinning machine, invented in 1770 by James Hargreaves. This device greatly reduced the work required for thread production, giving a single worker the ability to handle eight or more reels at a time.
  • Watt's steam engine

    Watt's steam engine
    While repairing a model Newcomen steam engine in 1764, Watt was impressed by its waste of steam. In May 1765, after wrestling with the problem of improving it, he suddenly came upon a solution: the separate condenser, his first and greatest invention.
  • Adam Smith: The Wealth of Nations

    Adam Smith: The Wealth of Nations
    The wealth of nations, is the most famous work of Adam Smith. Published in 1776, it is considered the first modern book of economics.
    Smith exposes his analysis on the origin of the prosperity of countries like England or the Netherlands. It develops economic theories about the division of labor, the market, currency, the nature of wealth, the price of goods in labor, wages, profits and the accumulation of capital.
  • Threshing machine

    Threshing machine
    It is an agricultural machine that separates the grain of wheat and other cereals from the straw, eliminates it and cleans the grain by shakers or screens.
  • Cartwright's mechanical loom

    Cartwright's mechanical loom
    It is a mechanized loom system driven by a transmission shaft. It was the result of the evolution of the manual loom, using a mechanical unit to connect and synchronize all the mechanisms. The first mechanical looms had a collective force supply from hydraulic power, later based on a steam engine. With the arrival of electricity, each mechanical loom was equipped with a single unit with an electric motor.
  • First steam boats

    First steam boats
    At the end of 1803, Robert Fulton launched to the Seine a ship whose propeller was a paddle wheel, moved by a steam engine, was badly received in France, and Fulton continued his experiments in the United States, in 1807 he launched his steam 240 km they separate New York from Albany by crossing the Hudson River.
  • Luddism (1811-1817)

    Luddism (1811-1817)
    Luddism was a movement led by English craftsmen in the 19th century; who protested between 1811 and 1817 against new machines that destroyed employment. Industrial looms and the industrial spinning machine introduced during the Industrial Revolution threatened to replace artisans with less qualified workers who received lower wages, leaving them without work.
  • Mechanical reaper

    Mechanical reaper
    A mower is an agricultural machine that cuts wheat and other winter cereals, green fodder for hay, grass, grass in parks, gardens and sports fields, etc. These machines were at the time a huge advance in the mechanization of the harvest of cereals, allowing their cultivation on a large scale.
  • First trade unions

    First trade unions
    Trade unions emerged as a response of workers to the most pernicious effects of industrialization. The first unions were created in Western Europe and in the United States at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century, as a reaction to the development of capitalism.
  • Stephenson's steam locomotive

    Stephenson's steam locomotive
    George Stephenson was a British civil engineer and civil engineer who built the first public rail line in the world that used steam locomotives and the first rail line with passenger transport that used steam locomotives.
  • Grand National, consolidated, trade union

    Grand National, consolidated, trade union
    The Grand National Consolidated Trades Union of 1834 was an early attempt to form a national union confederation in the United Kingdom.
    There had been several attempts to form national general unions in the 1820s, culminating with the National Association for the Protection of Labour, established in 1830. However, this had soon failed, and by the early 1830s the most influential labour organization was the Operative Builders' Union.
  • Bessemer conventer steel manufacturing

    Bessemer conventer steel manufacturing
    Henry Bessemer was an engineer, foundry of types of printing, pioneer of the modern iron and steel industry, and inventor of the steel refining process that bears his name (the Bessemer Process, which is applied in the Thomas-Bessemer furnaces of the steel industry).
  • First international

    First international
    It was an organization that initially grouped the English trade unionists, French anarchists and socialists and Italian republicans. Its aims were the political organization of the proletariat in Europe and the rest of the world, as well as a forum to examine common problems and propose lines of action.