Hartmann maschinenhalle 1868 (01)

Industrial Revolution

  • Jan 1, 1560


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  • Jan 1, 1563

    Stocking Frame

    Stocking Frame
    William Lee, a man born in Woodborough near Nottingham, invented the Stocking Frame. This was a mechanical device used for knitting stockings. It was created way before the Industrial Revolution, but was used throughout.
  • Canal du Midi

    Canal du Midi
    Languedoc Canal connects the Mediterranean with the Bay of Biscay. This is 240 miles long, with 100 locks, 3 major aqueducts, 1 tunnel, and a summit reservoir. This was largest canal project between Roman times and the nineteenth century. This allowed for more transportation by boats and such which was very useful later on in the Industrial Revolution.
  • Peoples Lives Part 1

    Peoples Lives Part 1
    Life for most people in England around this time was a farming and rural lifestyle. Means of communication and traveling was limited. Manufacturing of materials was done by natural means, such as windmills. Life was a lot harder, and people worked extremely hard to pay their rent as well as put food on the table. Education was not available for ordinary people during this time.
  • Tull's Seed Sower

    Tull's Seed Sower
    Jethro Tull's mechanical (seed) sower allows for large-scale planting in rows. It made it easier to cultivate between the rows of seeds. Used to make farming easier.
  • The Steam Engine

    The Steam Engine
    Thomas Newcomen builds the first commercially successful steam engine. This engine is able to keep deep coal mines clear of water. It is actually the first significant power source created other than wind and water.
  • John Kay's Flying Shuttle

    John Kay's Flying Shuttle
    This flying shuttle was a key contribution to the Industrial Revolution. It allowed for accelerated weaving, by allowing the shuttle carrying the weft to be passed through the warp threads faster and over a greater width of cloth. It was best if used by younger workers since they could use it much faster and more efficiently.
  • First Threshing Machine

    First Threshing Machine
    This machine was first invented by a Scottish mechanical engineer named Andrew Meikle. He used it for agriculture. It was made for the separation of grain from stalks and husks. This saved hours of labourious work by hand.
  • The Industrial Revolution Part 1

    The Industrial Revolution Part 1
    The Industrial Revolution is a massive turning point in history. Almost every aspect of daily life was influenced in some way.
    This transition was sparked by going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power, and the development of machine tools. It also made us start using a lot more coal rather than using lots of wood and other fuels.
  • Period: to

    The Industrial Revolution

    The industrial Revolution started to grow and was a new manufacturing processes that began somewhere around the 1760's and ended around the 1840's. A lot still happened before and after those years though, such as the creation of several machines.
  • James Brindley's Bridgewater Canal

    James Brindley's Bridgewater Canal
    James Brindley's Bridgewater Canal opens and large Barges carry coal from Worsley all the way to Manchester. Once this happened coal was a lot easier to transfer and it was a good start for the Industrial Revolution.
  • Spinning Jenny

    Spinning Jenny
    James Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny, which weaves cloth automatically. This solved a huge problem because industries needed faster cloth weaving and it took three spinners to keep up with one weaver. This new machine was capable of spinning eight threads of cotton yarn, instead of the spinning wheel's one.
  • Coal Mining

    Coal Mining
    Coal mining in Britain, espeically in South Wales started early. Before the steam engine, pits were often shallow and a lot of coal was abandoned as some was extracted. The steam pump by Newcomen in 1712 helped with the removal of water and let shafts to be made deeper, allowing more coal to be gathered. The improved version of the Newcomen engine by John Smeaton made it more efficient, and was followed by James Watt's even more efficient steam engine from the 1770s.
  • James Watt

    James Watt
    This man was a scottish inventor and mechanical engineer who created the first reliable steam engine in 1775. Watt continued to develop new inventions thoughout his retirement though none were as significant as his steam engine work. He died in 1819 at the age of 83.
  • Industrial Revolution Part 2

    Industrial Revolution Part 2
    By this time in history the Industrial Revolution has already took some early steps in productivity, facilitated urbanization and increased consumerism. Consumerism had made jobs and stimulated commerce.
  • Peoples Lives Part 2

    Peoples Lives Part 2
    By this time, more people left the farming lifestyle behind and went to towns and cities to work in factories. The towns growth couldn't keep up with the number of people pouring into them, and so housing was very hard to get and people lived in slums under appalling circumstances. This Image is an entire family living in one room due to the lack of housing.
  • Industrial Revolution Part 3

    Industrial Revolution Part 3
    By this time, the 18th century had already seen the spread of commercial capitalism throughout Western Europe. Join stock companies became more common, volume of trade increased, and merchant banking became more widespread. Wealth was increasingly flowed into the hands of a growing middle class.
  • Peoples Lives Part 3

    Peoples Lives Part 3
    At this point children have been used a lot for their small hands and cheap labour in factories and such. Factory owners were looking for cheap, malleable and fast-learning work forces, so children were the best target for them. The revolution was also fueled by many women, single and married, sicne they wanted to find waged work outside their home. Factory work in the early years of the 19th century resulted in a life of hardship for these women, since they also had a big role at home.
  • Transportation

    The Industrial Revolution improved Britain's transportation system by adding a turnpike road network, a canal and waterway network, and a railway network. Materials and finished products were able to be moved faster and cheaper than before. Improved transportation also allowed new ideas to spread quickly.
  • The End of the Industrial Revolution

    The End of the Industrial Revolution
    The revolution in a way still continued on, machines kept being improved, however, work in offices and new technology started to allow people to shift into jobs that took less labour. Jobs in factories started to be replaced by machines that could do a better job than humans and do it automatically.
  • Sources

    Landow, George P. "The Industrial Revolution: A Timeline." The Industrial Revolution: A Timeline. N.p., 3 Mar. 2012. Web. 28 May 2014 Keys, David. "Industrial Revolution Was Powered by Child Slaves." The Independent. Independent Digital News and Media, 2 Aug. 2010. Web. 29 May 2014. "Industrial Revolution (Women in World History Curriculum)." Lesson: Industrial Revolution (Women in World History Curriculum). N.p., 1996-2013. Web. 28 May 2014
  • Sources 2

    Burchill, Shirley, Nigel Hughes, Richard Gale, Peter Price, and Keith Woodall. "The Open Door Web Site : History : The Industrial Revolution : The "Spinning Jenny"" The Open Door Web Site : History : The Industrial Revolution : The "Spinning Jenny" N.p., 2014. Web. 29 May 2014.
  • Sources 3

    Burchill, Shirley, Nigel Hughes, Richard Gale, Peter Price, and Keith Woodall. "The Open Door Web Site : History : The Industrial Revolution : The "Flying Shuttle"" The Open Door Web Site : History : The Industrial Revolution : The "Flying Shuttle" N.p., 2014. Web. 29 May 2014.