Gm43 train


  • Jan 1, 600

    Diolkos Wagonway

    Diolkos Wagonway
    In Greece, 600 BC, an ancient track named the Diolkos wagonway was used to transport boats across the Corinth isthmus. Ships were placed in carts that rode in grooves in the limestone. This kept the carts on the correct path and reduced friction.
  • Jan 1, 1515


    In 1515 a funicular railways was built in Austria to provide supplies for the Hohensalzburg castle. Funicular means that strong cables, in this case hemp, pulled the cart along the track. This was operated by either human or animal power and is still in use today although it is very much updated.
  • Jan 1, 1550

    Tracks in mines

    Tracks in mines
    By the late 16th century and early 17th century, wooden rails and carts were common in mines all over Europe. They were still pulled by either slaves or animals but allowed greater quantities to be moved at a time.
  • Iron Rails

    Iron Rails
    In 1768 the first apperence of iron plated rails occured in England. This allowed the gauge (narrowness) of the railes to be chenged.
  • Steam Engine

    Steam Engine
    In 1769, James Watts patents the first steam engine. Of course, his engine design was very low pressure and not designed with mobility in mind.
  • Public Tracks

    Public Tracks
    In 1803, William Jessop opened the Surrey Iron Railway in Surrey, England. This is arguable the first public horse drawn railway but definetly the first to have iron plated rails.
  • First steam powered locomotive

    First steam powered locomotive
    On Febuary 21st, 1804, Richard Trevithick debuted the first steam powered locomotive to run on a track. This is an extremely important day for both steam engines and trains.
  • Practical locomotives

    Practical locomotives
    In early 1811, John Blenkinsop designed the first pracital steam-powered locomotive designed for public use. He ran his train, the Salamanca from Middleton Colliery to Leeds .
  • Locomotion

    On September 27th, 1825, George Spehenson built and tested the Locomotion, the first publically used steam locomotive in the world.
  • Period: to

    Trains in the United States

    Technology in locomotives continues to advance in the united states, allowing mass transportation of goods across the country much easier. This played a massive role in the industrial revolution because it increased production capabilities of factories drastically because they could get their raw materials quicker.
  • Tom Thumb

    Tom Thumb
    On August 28th, 1830, Peter Cooper built the Tom Thumb, a small steam powered locomotive designed to prove that steam powered trains was a viable method of trarnsporting goods. It ran 13 miles on the Baltimore to Ohio railway track.
  • Electrical Trains

    Electrical Trains
    Rober Davidson begins to tinker with the idea of electrical trains but the max speed he was able to reach was 4mph
  • The Pullman Sleeping Car

    The Pullman Sleeping Car
    In 1857, George Pullman designed the first overnight passenger train ment entirly for transportation. He named it The Pullman Sleeping Car.
  • Gross-Lichterfelde Tramway

    Gross-Lichterfelde Tramway
    The Gross-Lichterfelde Tramway becomes the first publically available tramway that ran on electrical power. It worked by charging the railes with an electric current that the car tapped into and ran the engine.
  • Mödling and Hinterbrühl Tram

    Mödling and Hinterbrühl Tram
    In October, 1883, the Mödling and Hinterbrühl Tram became the first to use overhead wires as a means of getting the train's electricity.
  • Period: to

    Urban usage

    Many cities, both large and small, all around the world used small tramways as a means of transportation. The most recognized being the London Underground.
  • Alternating Current

    Alternating Current
    Up until this point, all electric trains ran on direct current, but on the 31th of July, 1904, the Stubai Valley Railway in Austria became the first to use alternating current.
  • Diesel Fuel

    Diesel Fuel
    After World War II, steam became an increasingly expensive method of power as it required a large number of people to scoop the coal and clean the ash. While this was happening, the united states improved greatly on their conbustion engine designes and as a result of these two thing, most, if not all, locomotives in the United States began to run on diesel instead.
  • Magnetic Levitation

    Magnetic Levitation
    A patent was made on the 25th of August, 1959, by a man called G. R. Polgreen. This was a patent for a high tech way for trains to acheive incredible speeds called Mag-Lev. This works by a collision of magnetic fields on the tracks and the train the creats an air cusion for the train to ride on. This design allowed the fastest train speed record ever to be set a almost 400 miles per hour.
  • Shinkasen

    The Shinkasen is the largest network of high-speed "bullet" trains in the world. It spans over all of Japan and the trains reach over 200 miles per hour on a daily basis. And to think that all of this innovaton started wtih just a couple of grooves in some limestone.