In 1992, a channel was completed under the Atlantic ocean which connected the centre of London to the centre of Paris. Trains would run through in around 3 hours each time.
First Central Bank established in England
This was very important to the Industrial revolution as this helped Britain's economy boost so that they could start building things such as the steam engine.
The Industrial stationary steam engine was developed by Thomas Newcomen. It worked by condensing steam within a vacuum. This helped to power the trains and their engine.
Industrial Revolution Started
This is when the Industrial Revolution started, it led to the invention of many important inventions that have changed modern society such as railways, phones, and many others.
Water Power to Steam Engines
Arkwright changes his huge factories over from water power to steam engines. This was a major change in the Industrial Revolution as it saved coal and minerals and saved lots of money.
Invention of the railway
The first idea of the railway came from Richard Trevithick and he built the first locomotive system that ran in Wales on the Penydarren Tramway hauling 10 tonnes at a speed of 5m.p.h. for 8 miles.
In 1807,the first passenger-carrying public railway was opened by the Oystermouth Railway this was one of the biggest events in British railway history as this caused an ongoing effect on society generally which has carried on to Modern Society.
Improvement to Railways
The Puffing Billy was built by Blackett & Hedley was used at Wylam Colliery railway with better adhesion between rail and wheel than previous attemps.
The first Factory Act provides first regulation of child labour in textile factories. This was very important to the Industrial Revolution and Modern Society as it changed the working conditions.
Not only Britain's but also the worlds first underground city service connected Paddington to Farringdon in London. As this was the first time that the service was ever used it was very popular, this made the underground very crowded and steamy. Due to a high passenger demand new rail carriages were drafted in from Great Western Britain to keep up with passenger demand.
Education Act made school compulsory for children up to age 10. This was very important to the Industrial Revolution as it changed Education long term
Britain's opened its first electric railway in Brighton, this has majorly influenced the economy, environment and society generally in so many different ways even all the way through to Modern Society.
Coal in London
236 million tons of coal mined in Great Britain. This was important to the industrial revolution as it changed coal mining. Coal mining was very crucial to the industrial revolution as it supplied minerals and materials to make the products produced in the industrial revolution.
After the first world war broke out the government took control of the railways which impacted on all the trade going on in the time and also society generally as less people used railways as a form of transport.
The U.K.'s first streamlined train 'The Silver Jubilee' went on a trial run from Kings Cross to Newcastle travels at 100mph for over 40 miles. This was a very important event in railway history as streamline trains were very important to the creation of Modern Society trains today.
World War 2
When World War II out-broke the Government took control again, the railways suffered considerable damage during this period as many bombs exploded on the tracks causing much damage to repair.
Channels under the sea did not last long as they were deemed unsafe, but this led to the creation of London Underground that is still used today as the idea of travelling without traffic and more safety set in.
The railways later became an international form of transport and spread around the world now being used in America, Australia, France and many more countries around the world