The Bauhaus Movement

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  • Bauhaus founded

    Bauhaus founded
    The Staatliches Bauhaus school of design, architecture, and applied arts, referred to as just 'Bauhaus' was founded in 1919 in the city of Weimar by a German architect called Walter Gropius (pictured here). Gropius founded this school by combining the Weimar Academy of Arts and the Weimar School of Arts and Crafts, into one school. Bauhaus means “house of building,” a name taken from the similar German word Hausbau, menaing “building of a house.”
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    Bauhaus Weimar

  • Paul Klee begins teaching

    Paul Klee begins teaching
    (DATE UNKOWN) Paul Klee was a German, Swiss-born painter, printmaker and draughtsman. After joining Bauhaus he commented on the nature of the school stating, 'I...approve of these forces competing one with the other if the result is achievement.". Before Bauhaus, Klee was known as a pioneer of abstract art in Germany, so his new age art style helped form the school greatly.
  • Bauhaus Weimar closes

    Bauhaus Weimar closes
    Weimar was the centre for politics in Germany, so the Bauhaus often paced pressure from the government. Still, the staff tried to keep political influence from the students work that could jeopardise their ideologies. The social-democrats had control in the early 20's, so the Bauhau's new age thinking was supported by them. In 1924 the nationalists took over main control, and changed everything. In February of that year funding was halfed. After a year of struggling the Bauhaus finally closed.
  • School relocated to Dessau

    School relocated to Dessau
    (DATE UNKNOWN) After the closure of Weimar, Bauhaus found a new home in Dessau, where they seeked less political pressure and better financial support. The new building took insipration from futuristic themes and therefore pushed the idea of change for Germany and it's students. Building of the new school began in this month and was greatly anticipated by Weimar staff and students. The fact that they weren't defeated by the government also inspired this community
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    Bauhaus Dessau

  • Bauhaus Dessau completed

    Bauhaus Dessau completed
    On this date, the Dessau Bauhaus school held it's 'topping-off' ceremony, marking the completion of the new building. The image shows the building in it's final months of construction. Designed by Bauhaus founder Gropius, the school envisioned the 'international-style' of the 1920's.
  • Bauhaus Magazine 1st Edition

    Bauhaus Magazine 1st Edition
    (DATE UNKOWN) In December of the Dessau building's first year, the school released it's first magazine. It was created the spread the word and raise excitiment for the school. It held news surrounding the school as well as new trends in German art and design. It was released nearly every three months from then.
  • Hannes Meyer becomes director (FINISH)

    Hannes Meyer becomes director (FINISH)
    After seeing his school progress from Weimar to Dessau, Gropius resigned to begin practising privately in Berlin. Hannes Meyer had visited the school months before with his company, and was on this date appointed the director role. His goal was very different to the previous director, stating he wanted to 'curtail the influence of the artist'. He introduced new science, humanities and technology classes as well as free painting classes.
  • NAZI attempts to shut Dessau down

    NAZI attempts to shut Dessau down
    As the NAZI party grew in power they made efforts to eliminate non-conservative organisatrions such as the Bauhaus. On this date their motion to shut down the Dessau school was rejected. However, this lead to major pressure and public opposition towards the Bauhaus that continued to grow untill it's end.
  • Bauhaus Dessau shut down

    Bauhaus Dessau shut down
    The NAZI party claimed the Bauhaus under their 'Degenerate art' concept, and cnsequencly were able to shut it down.
  • Bauhaus Berlin begins

    Bauhaus Berlin begins
    (DATE UNKOWN) In late 1932, following the closing of the Dessau school, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe remted a factory in Berlin with his own money for the school to continue privately. The school only lasted ten months before NAZI intervaention.
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    Bauhaus Berlin begins

    (DATE UNKOWN) In late 1932, following the closing of the Dessau school, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe remted a factory in Berlin with his own money for the school to continue privately. The school only lasted ten months longer before NAZI intervention.
  • Dissolution of Bauhaus

    Dissolution of Bauhaus
    the NAZI party were finally able to shut down the privtaely owned Bauhaus school in Berlin under their rule.