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Evolution of the School Library Timeline: Tressie Fowler

  • New York legislature allots state tax monies

    Governor DeWitt Clinton, New York governor, was an early proponent of school libraries. In 1835 the New York state legislature passed into law that a portion of taxes be used to fund and operate school libraries.
  • Horace Mann pioneer

    Horace Mann's eaerly efforts helped libraries. Massachusetts enacted a law which established the right for school districts to raise monies for school libraries.
  • Michigan urges districts to raise $15 per library

    Michigan legislature passed into law that if a school district would raise $15 in tax monies then the govt. could refund a portion of fines collected from"disturbing the peace" laws and give to the libraries.
  • New York legislature allots $55,000 per year

    In 1839 the New York legislature, aftet review of the 1835 tax monies rarely being used for the school library intended purposes, established $55,000 annually to school idstrict libraries. Other states began to follow suit.
  • Connecticut legislation

    Passed legislation to promote public school libraries.
  • Rhode Island legislation

    Rhode Islend passed legislation supporting school librries.
  • Massachuttes matching $15 per district

    Established a maching funds law. The state would give $15 to each school district whou would in return fund a matching $15 for the specific purpose of the school library.
  • American Library Association created

  • 19 states had passed legislation

    "By 1879 19 states had passed legislation supporting public school libraries."
  • 1892 NY formed its School Libraries Division

  • NEA created its Library Section

  • NY created the High School Library Section within the New York Teachers

  • ALA founded its own School Library Section

  • nationwide survey on the teaching of English: The pitiful state of school libraries was brought to light and the NEA appointed a committee to study libraries and report.

  • ALA published the Standard Library Organization and Equipment for Secondary Schools aka the “Certain report”

  • Score Card for School Libraries developed by the North Central Association

  • Elementary School Library Standards aka the “second Certain report”

  • North Central Association required high school libraries to score their libraries

  • Lamar Johnson conducts survey conducted by the U.S. Department of Education

  • The Department of Elementary School principals writes 12th annual yearbook “The Elementary School Libraries”

  • The Library in the School written by Lucille Fargo offered guidance on how to establish and maintain a school library

  • only 13 states employed full-time school librarians

  • U.S. Office of Education studied requirements by states for certifying school librarians

  • National school library standards, School Libraries for Today and Tomorrow

  • Henne wrote A Planning Guide for the High School Library Program

  • National Defense Education Act strengthening teaching by purchasing library books

  • more than half of the states employed bull-time school librarians

  • Public School Library Statistics for 1958-59 reported half of the nation’s public schools had no library.

  • Knapp School Libraries Project funded establishing of “ideal” school libraries

  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act millions of dollars made available for developing school libraries

  • Standards for School Media Program emphasized fusing media programs with the school library

  • Media Programs: District and School “reaffirms unified approaches for centralizing media services in schools.

  • Report of the Task Force on the Role of the School Library Media Program in Networking established reasons to include school media programs in a national network.

  • established a committee to carry out the recommendations of the Task Force on the Role of the School Library Media Program in Networking

  • First White House Conference on Library and Information Science developed 64 recommendations concerning libraries and media and services which included school libraries.

  • Government spending cutbacks, declining financial support, & rising costs

  • 1st Ad Hoc Committee on Implementation of the White House Conference Resolutions :to organize implementation of the recommendations.

  • Island Trees School District vs. Pico Court upheld the right for the people to not have the school district ban the books and violate readers First Amendment rights

  • Information Power: Guidelines for School Library Programs

    was released with the purpose of promoting the school library media program where the LMS “was proactive and participative with other educators as a member of an instructional team.” Purpose = school LMS’ responsibilities
  • DeWitt Wallace-Reader’s Digest bestowed funds upon New York City’s public elementary schools to improve elementary school libraries

  • Legislative Day library professionals met with governor and legislators to lobby for increased library funding

  • White House Conference on Library and Information Services allowed school librarians to plan and communicate with other library professionals to promote stats’ library services

  • average pubic school internet access 51%

  • Information Power Building Partnerships for Learning : information literacy standards

  • White House Conference on school libraries: “greater awareness of the role of media centers in the instructions program of the schools.”

  • White House Conference emphasized school libraries

  • average public school owned 136 computers

  • average public school internet access 93%

  • Supreme Court decision upheld Children’s Internet Protection Act

  • average public school owned 154 computers

  • average public school internet access 95%

  • Laura Bush Foundation awarding school library grants for new materials

  • Standards for the 21st Century Learner

  • Standards for the 21st Century Learner

  • Standards for the 21st Century Learner in Action