History of the Library By lisardavis Jan 1, 1740 Ben Franklin He included library plans for his academy Period: Jan 1, 1835 to Dec 31, 1835 New York - Governor DeWitt Clinton Passed a law to allow for the establishing and maintaining of school libraries Aug 31, 1837 Massachusetts - Horace Man Schools could raise money for libraries Aug 31, 1837 Michigan Set aside $15 in taxes plus fine money from those who broke "disturbing the peace" laws. Aug 31, 1839 Connecticut joined the school library movement. Aug 31, 1839 New York Set aside $55,000 a year to establish school libraries Aug 31, 1840 Rhode Island joined the school library movement. Period: Jan 1, 1841 to Dec 31, 1842 200,000+ books added to New York libraries Aug 31, 1842 Matching money Schools could get $15 a year with matching monies for libraries. Aug 31, 1850 Massachusetts law repealed and replaced by a law for public libraries. Aug 31, 1870 Birth of modern American library movement. Aug 31, 1870 Melvin Dewey created by American Library Association. Aug 31, 1870 1st issue of "Library Journal." Aug 31, 1879 By 1879, 19 states had school libraries. Aug 31, 1890 New York saw a decrease in libraries because of poor procedures and practices. Aug 31, 1892 New York established School Libraries Division Aug 31, 1892 Melvin Dewey and Andrew Draper drafted a law regarding school libraries in New York. Aug 31, 1896 National Education Association (NEA) created a library section. Aug 31, 1900 New York City schools hired the first librarian who was a graduate of a library school. Aug 31, 1910 New York created a High School Library Section within the New York State Teacher's Association. Aug 31, 1913 "Library Journal" reported on the sad state of school libraries. Aug 31, 1914 New York made librarian salaries equal to teacher salaries. Aug 31, 1915 A National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) report revealed the "inadequate condition of school libraries." Aug 31, 1920 The "Certain report" suggested standards to salvage libraries. This was the "first yardstick to evaluate local libraries and created a framework from which other accrediting agencies...could develop other sets of standards." Aug 31, 1924 North Central Association - Score Card for School Libraries Standards were focused on programs, not materials. Aug 31, 1925 Elementary School Library Standards This provided standards as well as a list of basic books. Aug 31, 1927 North Central Association required high schools to score their libraries. Aug 31, 1933 Cooperative Study of Secondary School Standards formed One role was to evaluate secondary school libraries. A numerical scoring technique came out of this. Aug 31, 1950 Shift from schools of education to library schools Occurred through the 1950s Aug 31, 1960 Standards for School Library Programs National standards that influenced the development and expansion of state and local standards Aug 31, 1960 Public School Library Statistics for 1958 - 1959 Half of the schools had no library, and half of those had no qualified librarian. Aug 31, 1960 1960s - Greatest period of school library growth Aug 31, 1963 Knapp School Libraries Project - 1963 - 1968 Funded "ideal" school libraries Aug 31, 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title II monies allocated to develop school libraries. Aug 31, 1969 Evaluative Criteria for the Evaluation of Secondary Schools Used by accreditation associations and schools for self-evaluation. Aug 31, 1969 Standards for School Media Programs "Stressed the necessity of fusing facilities and services to meet the challenges of education." Aug 31, 1975 Media Programs: District and School Focused on centralizing media services in schools. Aug 31, 1978 Report of the Task Force on the Role of the School Library Media Program in Networking national network of school media programs. Aug 31, 1979 White House Conference on Library and Information Science Final report was "Information for the 80's" Aug 31, 1980 1980s saw budgetary cutbacks and censorship issues Aug 31, 1982 Pico vs. Island Trees This legal decision gave strength to the fight for intellectual freedom. Aug 31, 1988 Information Power: Guidelines for School LIbrary Programs Saw Library Media Specialists as a partner with teachers. Aug 31, 1990 1990s was a period of rapid technological growth Aug 31, 2000 In the 2000s, Library Media Specialists are seen as instructional partners in curriculum development and have taken on more active roles in instructional leadership. Library Media Specialists are seen as Information Literacy Advocates.