Texas History

By bwm5995
  • Jan 1, 1400

    Age of Exploration begins

    What reasons did Europeans explore? (3) God glory gold
    What was Columbus looking for when he found America? A shortcut to Asia
    Which countries were most explorers from? Europe
    What is a conquistador? Another word for conquerer

    Which explorer tore down Tenochtitlan and founded New Spain? Hernan Cortez
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Pineda maps Texas coast

    Describe Pineda’s route and accomplishments- he started at Corpus Christi went east on the Texas coast went through the bottom of Louisiana down Florida and to Jamaica.
  • Cabeza de Vaca shipwrecks

    Which Native tribe captures Cabeza de Vaca? Karankawa Indians
    What killed many Natives and explorers during the Age of Contact? Disease
    When Cabeza de Vaca arrived in Mexico, what did people think about his stories? They did not believe him
  • Coronado sets out for cibola

    What is Cibola? A painted done in 1898 of Coronado on his quest
    Why did Coronado think Cibola was in Texas? A friar told him that it was.
    Did they find Cibola? No
    What is one important landmark that the expedition did discover? Grand canyon
  • La Salle lands in Texas

    Which country began challenging Spain for Texas? Spain

    Which river delta did La Salle discover? Mississippi River delta
  • Fort St. Louis founded

    Where is Ft. St. Louis? Texas
    Who founded Ft. St. Louis? La salle

    Name 2 reasons why Ft. St. Louis failed.
    How was La Salle killed? Assassinated
  • Mission San Francisco founded

    What is the purpose of a mission? To try to colonize the land.
    Who led missions? Priors
    Which country is responsible for building missions? Mexico
    What religion were missions affiliated with? Catholicism
    Were most missions successful? No
    Why did missions fail? Because the people in them never changed
    What buildings protected missions? Forts
  • Marques de Rubi Inspects Texas

    What was de Rubi’s mission? Inspect northern frontier for defensive purposes
    Who sent de Rubi on his mission? King Carlos
    Name 2 recommendations that de Rubi made after his journeym
  • Moses Austin Asks Permission for Colony

    Why did the Spanish grant Austin permission to establish a colony? At first they turned him down, but he asked multiple times and finally got ermission
    What happened to Moses before he could establish his colony? He got ill and died
  • Stephen F. Austin Establishes His Colony

    What is an empresario? A person with a right to own land in Mexico
    Where did SFA establish his colony? Texas
    What were some of the requirements Mexico made SFA’s colony meet?
    Describe the “Old 300.” What kind of people were they?
    What were some challenges in establishing the colony?
    Name 2 other empresarios.
  • Mexico gains Independence

    Who did Mexico gain their independence from? Spain
    Which Constitution did the Federalist’s establish for Mexico? Federal constitution of the United federal states
    Under the Constitution, which Mexican state was Texas joined with? Coahuila
  • Fredonian Rebellion

    What was the goal of the Fredonian Rebellion? First group of Anglo Texans to surrender to Mexico
    Who were the Edwards brothers upset with? Benjamin's tone and increasing tension
    How did the Rebellion end? 350 soldiers went to nacadoches to restore order
  • Law of April 6th

    U.S. immigration? No more immigrant unless they have a special pass
    Empresario contracts? Anyone can take their land without asking
    Mexican immigration? They want more Mexicans
    Slavery? No more slavery unless you already have one
    New Forts? Hey can spend 10,000$ on defenses
    Import taxes?
  • Convention of 1833

    What was the goal of the Convention? It was for a petition
    Who made the trip to Mexico City to present the resolutions? SFA
  • Austin Arrested

    Why was SFA arrested? For no reason Santa Anna just ordered it
    Because of his imprisonment, what did SFA change his mind about?
  • Battle of Gonzales

    Why was the battle of Gonzales fought? Because they wanted their cannon back
    Who won? Texans
    Which important Texas slogan originated during the battle?
  • The Alamo Falls

    Name 3 notable Alamo defenders. James Bowie William b Travis and Davy Crockett
    How many Alamo defenders were there? How many Mexican troops? Mexican-1,800 Texan-185
    Why didn’t Sam Houston send reinforcements to the Alamo? Because he knew they would die
    Which side won the Battle of the Alamo? The Mexicans
  • The Alamo Falls

    Name 3 notable Alamo defenders. James Bowie William b Travis and Davy Crockett
    How many Alamo defenders were there? How many Mexican troops? Mexican-1,800 Texan-185
    Why didn’t Sam Houston send reinforcements to the Alamo? Because he knew they would die
    Which side won the Battle of the Alamo? The Mexicans
  • Goliad Massacre

    Which battle did Fannin and his men lose to be taken prisoner? Gooliad massacre
    Who ordered the massacre of Fannin’s men? Santa Anna
    How many Texans died during the massacre? 800
  • The Runaway Scrape

    Which direction was everybody moving? East
    What was the goal/purpose of the Runaway Scrape? Get away from Santa Anna and to surprise Santa Anna
    Why was everybody running away? Because they heard Santa Anna executed everyone
    What did people think about Sam Houston for running away from Santa Anna? They thought he was a coward
  • Battle of San Jacinto

    What were 2 war-cries that the Texans shouted during the battle? Remember the Alamo and remember goliad
    What was the number of casualties for both sides? Texan-2 deaths Mexican 620 died 730 captured
    Describe what Santa Anna did during the battle. He ran in his pajamas them tried to discise himself to look like a normal Mexican soldier
    Which side was victorious? The Texans