Texas history

  • Nov 6, 1492


    he began european exploration to the americas
  • Nov 6, 1519


    Pineda maps the coastline from present day Florida to present day Texas.
  • Nov 18, 1521

    Hernan Cortes

    Cortes lands in present-day Mexico in 1519. Two years later he conquered the Aztec Empire. They tore down the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan and plundered the city's treasure. He never entered Texas!
  • Nov 6, 1528

    Cabeza de Vaca

    Cabeza de Vaca and three men survive the Narvaez expedition by being shipwrecked on Galvestine Island. They are captured by Indians and held prisoner for many years
  • Nov 18, 1539


    First black man in America. Agreed to take an expedition in search of the 7 cities of gold. This is not one of the 6 explorers I want on your timeline
  • Nov 6, 1540


    Searched for the 7 cities of gold. Found nothing, and reported the Texas panhandle held nothing of value.
  • Nov 6, 1542


    Took over the de Soto expedition and led men into east Texas. He found petroleum, but did not know what its value was at the time. Turned around and backtracked home.
  • Juan de Onate

    Claimed the Rio Grande valley for Spain
  • Mission Corpus Christi de la Ysleta

    located along the Rio Grande, just east of present-day El Paso. The mission was built among the Tigua people in 1682. Shortly after the mission was built, 21 Spanish families moved to the area to meet the spiritual needs of the Tigua people. You will find this mission already labeled on your map at the point (C,13) with an oval and a number 1.
  • Robert la Salle

    Built Fort Saint Louis, Garcitas Creek, Matagorda Bay, Texas.
  • Mission San Francisco de los Tejas

    was established in May of 1690, and was the first mission founded in east Texas. Spain had learned that La Salle had been in the area and built Fort St. Louis. They feared that even though La Salle’s settlement had failed, France would send another group of settlers to try again. Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was built among the Atakapan people who were more interested in stealing horses than going to church. The mission site was located just west of the Neches River on longitude line (
  • Mission Santisimo Nombre de Maria

    was the second mission founded in east Texas along the Neches River around August 1690. This mission was completely destroyed by flooding from the Neches River. It was located just North and East of Mission San Francisco de los Tejas, on the opposite side of the river. Place another oval to mark its location and put a number 3 in it.
  • Mission San Antonio de Valero

    was the first in a chain of five missions established near San Antonio on May 1, 1718. The mission was located on the east bank of the San Antonio River. During the 1730s and 1740s, the mission suffered from repeated attacks by the hostile Apache indians. In 1739, the Indians of the mission were almost completely wiped out by an epidemic of smallpox. After the mission closed in 1793, the buildings were used by several military groups as a hospital, a jail, soldier quarters, and to store mili
  • Mission San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo

    was the second and largest in a chain of five missions established along the San Antonio River on February 23, 1720. The mission had a difficult beginning, but soon the 300 Indians who lived there became successful farmers and ranchers. The Indians helped dig 15 miles of irrigation ditches to bring water to the farms of the five San Antonio missions. Mission San Jose was so successful, it became known as “Queen of the Missions”. Mission San Jose is located just Southeast of The Alamo. Show
  • Mission Nuestra Senora del Espíritu Santo de Zuniga

    was established on April 10, 1722, along the Matagorda Bay of the Guadalupe River. The mission was built to serve the Karankawa indians and to reinforce the Spanish presence in the area to help keep the French out of Texas. The mission and the presidio that was built nearby became known as La Bahia Mission, and is one of the oldest and most successful missions in Texas. Show this mission’s location by placing a number 4 in an oval on point (U,20).
  • Mission Nuestra Senora de la Concepción de Acuna

    was originally built in East Texas to protect the Spanish owned territory from the French on July 7, 1716. After a rough beginning and several moves, the mission was permanently moved to San Antonio in 1731, becoming the third in a chain of five missions established along the San Antonio River. From the beginning the priests at Mission Concepcion tried to replace Indian ceremonies with religious festivals that taught the Indians about Christianity. This mission is located between the Alamo a
  • Mission San Francisco de la Espada

    was originally located in east Texas with the name San Francisco de los Tejas. The mission was renamed and move to the San Antonio area in 1731, becoming the fifth mission in the chain of missions along the San Antonio River. Indians at Mission Espada were taught masonry and carpentry by Spanish craftsmen. These skills helped the Indians survive in Texas long after the missions were closed. Mission Espada is located due South of Mission San Juan. Show its location by placing an oval with th
  • San Xavier missions

    were founded along the San Xavier River in December of 1747. Conflict with the local garrison commander led to relocation of the missions to a site on the San Marcos River in 1755. The missions closed the following year. Place the number 11 oval along latitude line 17 between the Guadalupe River and the Colorado River to mark the correct spot.
  • Santa Cruz de San Saba

    was established in 1757. It was attacked and destroyed in a revolt by Indians less than a year later. You should mark its spot on the map with the number 12 oval by placing it just Northeast of the Nueces River.
  • Mission San Juan Capistrano

    made its permanent home near San Antonio on July 14, 1731, becoming the fourth in a chain of missions along the San Antonio River. Within a few years, San Juan became a successful mission with rich farmland, orchards, and gardens. By 1762, the Indians living in the mission village were raising more than 3,000 head of sheep and cattle. They were growing enough pumpkins, grapes, and peppers to supply other communities with fresh vegetables. Mission San Juan is located directly east of Mission
  • Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches

    was founded in 1716 and remained in use for more than 50 years until it was abandoned in 1773. A few years later, when they established the town of Nacogdoches, settlers used the empty buildings. This mission is located just Southeast of Mission Santisimo near present-day Nacogdoches. Place the number 10 oval in the correct location.
  • Nuestra Senora del Refugio

    was established in 1793, and was the last Spanish mission founded in Texas. It was abandoned in 1830. Later, Irish immigrants to the area named their settlement after the mission. Place the number 13 oval to represent this mission along the Texas coast, just south of the San Antonio River.