Texas History

  • Nov 4, 1492


    began european exploration in the americas
  • Nov 4, 1519

    cabeza de Vaca

    traveled texas for 7 years and wrote a book about his travels.
  • Nov 4, 1528


    maped the texas coast line
  • Nov 4, 1540


    searched for the 7 cities of gold, but found nothing
  • Nov 4, 1542


    found petroleum in east texas.
  • La Salle

    Built Fort St. Louis on Matagorda Bay
  • 1) Mission Corpous Christi de la Ysleta

    The mission was built.
  • Moscoso

    Claimed the Rio Grande Valley for Spain
  • 2) mission San Francisco de los Tejas

    who were more interested in stealing horses than going to church.
  • 3) Mission Santisimo Nombre de Maria

    This mission was destroyed by flooding from the Neches River just North and East of Mission San Francisco de los Tejas
  • 7) Mission Nuestra Senora de la Concepción de Acuna

    After a rough beginning and several moves, the mission was permanently moved to San Antonio in 1731, becoming the third in a chain of five missions established along the San Antonio River.
  • 8) Mission San Juan Capistrano

    Within a few years, San Juan became a successful mission with rich farmland, orchards, and gardens.By 1762, the Indians living in the mission village were raising more than 3,000 head of sheep and cattle.
  • 10) Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches

    A few years later, when they established the town of Nacogdoches, settlers used the empty buildings.
  • 5) Mission San Antonio de Valero

    During the 1730s and 1740s, the mission suffered from repeated attacks by the hostile Apache indians.
  • 6) Mission San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo

    The mission had a difficult beginning, but soon the 300 Indians who lived there became successful farmers and ranchers.
  • 4) Mission Nuestra Senora del Espiritu Santo de Zuniga

    The mission was built to serve the Karankawa indians and to reinforce the Spanish presence in the area to help keep the Frinch out of Texas.
  • 9) Mission San Francisco de la Espada

    Indians at Mission Espada were taught masonry and carpentry by Spanish craftsmen.These skills helped the Indians survive in Texas long after the missions were closed.
  • 11) San Xavier missions

    were founded along the San Xavier River between in December of 1747. Conflict with the local garrison commander led to relocation of the missions to a site on the San Marcos River in 1755. The missions closed the following year.
  • 12) Santa Cruz de San Saba

    It was attacked and destroyed in a revolt by Indians less than a year later.
  • 13) Nuestra Senora del Refugio

    Later, Irish immigrants to the area named their settlement after the mission.