Jan 1, 1400
Age of ExplorationWhat reasons did Europeans explore? (3) God glory gold. What was Columbus looking for when he found America? Asia. Which countries were most explorers from? Spain. What is a conquistador? Soldiers who were brought to protect missions. Which explorer tore down Tenochtitlan and founded New Spain? Hernan Cortez.
Nov 5, 1519
Pineda Maps Texas CoastDescribe Pineda’s route and accomplishments: He went to the gulf coast and map of the Gulf coast.
Jul 6, 1528
Cabreva de Vaca shipwrecksWhich Native tribe captures Cabeza de Vaca? Karankawas. What killed many Natives and explorers during the Age of Contact? Disease and hunger. When Cabeza de Vaca arrived in Mexico, what did people think about his stories? They saw hints of an fabled land with great wealth.
Jan 1, 1540
Coronado sets for CibolaWhat is Cibola? A city of silver and gold. Why did Coronado think Cibola was in Texas? Because he was reading Cabeza De Vacas Poem. Did they find Cibola? No. What is one important landmark that the expedition did discover. The Grand Canyon.
La Salle lands in TexasWhich country began challenging Spain for Texas? French
Which river delta did La Salle discover? Arkansas river and Missisipi river
Fort St. Louis foundedWhere is Ft. St. Louis? Besides the Garcitas creek
Who founded Ft. St. Louis? La salle
Name 2 reasons why Ft. St. Louis failed. Indian attacks and it missed where it was supposed to be by 400 miles
How was La Salle killed? By a musket shot from Pierre Duhaut during an ambush.
Marques de Rubi inspects TexasWhat was de Rubi’s mission? To report back whether the Spanish missions are getting successful or not.
Who sent de Rubi on his mission? Spain
Name 2 recommendations that de Rubi made after his journey. The presidios can't protect the missions and to leave the missions to waste.
Mission San Francisco foundedWhat is the purpose of a mission? To convert the Cados to Christ and make them Spanish citizens
Who led missions? Friars
Which country is responsible for building missions? Spain
What religion were missions affiliated with? Christianity
Were most missions successful? No
Why did missions fail? Because of Native American attacks and ot a lot of native Americans converted to Christianity.
What buildings protected missions? Presidio
Philip Nolan expidetionWhat is a filibuster? Someone who's a military adventurer and wants a state of a country to revouloutionize from its country.
Name 2 other filibuster besides Philip Nolan. General James Wilkinson and Augustus Magee
Who was Jean Lafitte? A pirate who steals from ships.
Louisiana PurchaseWhat did the Louisiana purchase mean for US-Spanish relations? The heat was rising more for Mexico with the U.S. purchasing more states and soon enough the U.S. will be right beside Mexico
Which 3 countries still claimed land in North America after the Louisiana Purchase? Spain Mexico and Texas
Moses Austin asks for permission for a colonyWhy did the Spanish grant Austin permission to establish a colony?
What happened to Moses before he could establish his colony? He got arrested.
Stephen F. Austin establishes a colonyWhat is an empresario? A settler that has a right to own land but in exchange has the responsibility to recruit people and take care of them.
Where did SFA establish his colony? Along the Brazos river
What were some of the requirements Mexico made SFA’s colony meet?
Describe the “Old 300.” What kind of people were they? 300 families.
What were some challenges in establishing the colony? Indian attacks Name 2 other empresarios Robertson, Clack and Dewitt Green
Mexico gains Independence from SpainWho did Mexico gain their independence from? Spain
Which Constitution did the Federalist’s establish for Mexico? Constitution of the united Mexico states
Under the Constitution, which Mexican state was Texas joined with? Coahuila y Tejas
Fredonian RepublicWhat was the goal of the Fredonian Rebellion? To not get kicked off of land and secede from Mexico
Who were the Edwards brothers upset with? Mexico because they didnt allow them to keep the land even though they bough it
How did the Rebellion end? It started a riot and lead to the meir y Teran report and the brothers dtried to make a country name d Fredonian
Meir y teran reportWhat was the goal of the Mier y Teran expedition? Investigate conditions of Texas after the Edward brothers made a riot.
Why was Mier y Teran sent? Because he is a Mexican general
What recommendations did Mier y Teran make? To ban U.S. immigration and to bring in more Catholics
Law of April 6, 1830 passesWhat did the law say about
U.S. immigration? No more U.S. citizens
Empresario contracts? Cancelled it
Mexican immigration? Forced them to go to Texas
Slavery? Can't bring slaves into country unless you already have one in the country
New Forts? Yes
Import taxes? Higher
Convention of 1833What was the goal of the Convention? To discuss Mexican problems
Who made the trip to Mexico City to present the resolutions? SFA
Austin arrestedWhy was SFA arrested? The mexico government thought he hated them and thought SFA was a filibuster
Because of his imprisonment, what did SFA change his mind about? That they should revoloutionize
Battle of GonzalesWhy was the battle of Gonzales fought? Because Mexico wanted their cannon back and Gonzales was hiding it and soon enough, they attacked Mexican troops with it
Who won? It was a bloody battle but somehow Texas won
Which important Texas slogan originated during the battle? A white flag with a cannon on it and saying come and take it
San Antonio de Bexar SiegeWhat is a siege? a military operation where a military force surronds a place and raids the place.
Who controlled San Antonio before the siege? Mexico
Who controlled San Antonio after the siege? Texas
Runaway scrapeWhich direction was everybody moving?
What was the goal/purpose of the Runaway Scrape? To go to Louisiana for safety from Santa anna threatning to kill anyone who hated the government of Mexico and burning houses so soldiers couldnt rest.
Why was everybody running away? Because of Santa Anna
What did people think about Sam Houston for running away from Santa Anna? a Coward
Fall of AlamoName 3 notable Alamo defenders. James Bowie, Davy Crockett and Travis
How many Alamo defenders were there? How many Mexican troops? 260 texas troops and 1800 mexicn troops.
Why didn’t Sam Houston send reinforcements to the Alamo? Because he knew they were going to lose and he didnt want to risk losing more soldiers
Which side won the Battle of the Alamo? Mexico
Goliad MasscreWhich battle did Fannin and his men lose to be taken prisoner? The battle of Goliad
Who ordered the massacre of Fannin’s men? Santa anna
How many Texans died during the massacre? 342
Convention of 1836Which 2 important documents were created at the convention? Texas declaration of independence and Constitution of the republic of Texas
Battle of San JacintoWhat were 2 war-cries that the Texans shouted during the battle? Remember the alamo and remember Goliad
What was the number of casualties for both sides? 9 deaths and 30 wounded for Texas and 630 killed, 208 wounded and 730 captured for Mexico(It was a close one guys, but somehow we won) Describe what Santa Anna did during the battle. He ran away and dressed as a normal Mexican soldier
Which side was victorious? Texas( Man what an intense battle, especially for Texas)