Segment 2- 20th century Russia

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    Russian Revolution

    The Russian Revolution was an attempt to transform the Russian government from an autocracy to a monarchy. It consited of widespread political and social unrest, and led to the establishment of a limited monarcy.
  • Creation of the Communist Party

    The oldest communist party was formed, and had a strong control over other communist parties throughout the globe.
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    Bolshevik Revolution

    Lenin and his Bolshevik followers overthrew the weak Provisional Government and imposed a Marxist government, and was called the Bolshevik Revolution because it led to the Bolsheviks(Communists) eventual takeover of Russia.
  • Lenin's New Economic Policy

    This new policy saved the Russian economy from it's imminent collapse, and consisted of a switch to capitalism until the economy was strong enough to return to it's socialism roots.
  • Establishment of the USSR

    This was a grouping of several countries into one union, and made them one of the world's most powerful states that eventually wasa composed of 15 republics.
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    Stalin's Five Year Plan

    This was an attempt to modernize the Soviet Union. This was done by the government seizing assets and reorganizing the economy. This plan failed and led to less efficient manufacturing, mass starvation, and poverty.
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    Cuban Missile Crisis

    It has been said that the world has never been closer to an all-out nuclear war than we were during the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Soviets held nuclear missiles aimed at the US located in Cuba, and were prepared to fire them.
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    Mikhail Gorbachev launched a new program of perestroika (restructuring) and glasnost (openness) which introduced a dramatic change in economic practice, internal affairs, and international relations. These policies brought an end to the Cold War.
  • End of the Communist Party in Russia

    This was the end of many years of Communism in Russia and opened the country for democracy.
  • Democracy of Russia Implemented

    The introduction of democracy led to the people having more freedome to do as they please and have more of a say in important decisions concerning their country. This did not work out very well, and most people do not accept Russia as a true democracy.
  • Russian Stock Market Crash

    This crash resulted in the government devaluing the ruble, and was followed by major inflation.