Russian Revolution Timeline

Timeline created by mametcalf
In History
  • Centuries of autocratic rule by the czars

    Centuries of autocratic rule by the czars
    The czars in the autocratic ceturies were very harsh rulers. If people were to worship outside of the Russian Orthodox Church, or we to speak a different language other than Russian, they were concidered dangerous.
  • Nicholas II becomes Czar of Russia

    Nicholas II becomes Czar of Russia
    When Nicholas II became czar, he continued with the tradition autocracy. He then began making plans to buildup Russian industries which lead to the government to raise taxes and seek foreign investors.
  • Dissatisfied workers organize strike

    Dissatisfied workers organize strike
    Even though there were growing factories in Russia, there were harsh work conditions, very low wages, and child labor. To demonstrate that the workers were upset with these factors, they started strikes. This then lead to a group that followed the words or Karl Marx and started the Marxist revolutionaries who planned to overthrough the czar.
  • Revolutionary movements begin and compete for power

    Revolutionary movements begin and compete for power
    The Marxist revolutionaries then split into two groups, the Mensheviks who wanted popular support of the revolution and the Bolsheviks who were willing to sacrafice everything for a change. The leader of the Bolsheviks was every powerfula and later fled to western Europe to escape arrest.
  • Russia loses war with Japan

    Russia loses war with Japan
    Russia broke an agreement over territories with Japan, leading to Japan attacking the Russians at Port. This then led to a revolt in the midst of war.
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    200,000 workers and their families went to the czar's Winter Palace in St. Petersburg with a petition asking for better working conditions, more personal freedom, and an elected national legislature. Nicholas II then told his soilders to fire into the crowd killing several hundred people and wounding 1,000.
  • Russia enters World War I

    Russia enters World War I
    Russia was forced into WW1 by Nicholas II and was unprepared to handle the military and economic costs. They had weak generals and poorly equipped troops making it easy for the Germans to defeat them.
  • March Revolution

    March Revolution
    Woman textile workers led a citywide strike in Petrograd for five days. There were riots over a shortage of bread and fuel with nearly 200,000 workers in the streets.
  • Czar Nicholas abdicates the throne

    Czar Nicholas abdicates the throne
    With the protests turning in an uprising, czar Nicholas II was forced to step down from his throne bringing the end to being under rule of a czar but then failed to set up a strong government.
  • Lenin Returns to Russia

    Lenin Returns to Russia
    The Germans saw Lenin and his Bolsheviks as a threat to the Russians war effort against Germany. With this, Lenin was then sent to Petrograd in a railway boxcar ariving in April 1917.
  • Bolshevik Revolution topples provisional government

    Bolshevik Revolution topples provisional government
    Armed factory workers stormed into the Winter Palace calling themselves the Bolshevik Red Guards and took over government offices and arrested leaders of the provisional government.
  • Bolsheviks change name to Communist Party

    Bolsheviks change name to Communist Party
    Farmland was disributed among the peasents, there was control of factories to the workers, and there was a truce signed with Germany to stop the fighting.
  • Civil War between Red and White Armies

    Civil War between Red and White Armies
    The White Army wanted different things, but the factor that each section had in common was that they all wanted to take down the Bolsheviks. There were around 14 million casulties during the three year war. In the end, it was the Bolsheviks who were able to seize power and maintain it.
    (1918-1920)
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ends Russia’s involvement in World War

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ends Russia’s involvement in World War
    By signing the treaty of Brest-Litosk, Russia surrendered a large part of their teritory to Germany and it's allies. This then angered many of the Russians and objected to the Bolsheviks and their policies. The Bolsheviks oppenents then became the White Army. This then created rage in Russia with several other nations als becoming involved.
  • Lenin establishes New Economic Policy

    Lenin establishes New Economic Policy
    Lenin put aside his plans state-controlled economy and instead created a small-scale version of capitalism. This then let peasents to sell their crops instead of giving them to the government . This new plan also let small factories, bussinesses, and farms operate under priveate ownership.
  • Lenin suffers stroke

    Lenin suffers stroke
    Lenin was a survivor of his stroke, but after the incident, there was a compotition for who would lead the Communist Party. The two men with the most popularity were Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Lenin then died in 1924.
  • Russia is organized into several self-governing republics

    Russia is organized into several self-governing republics
    Since the Bolshevik leaders saw nationalism as a threat, Lenin organized Russia nto several self governing republics under the central government.
  • Stalin becomes Dictator

    Stalin becomes Dictator
    Before Lenin died, he said that he thought Stalin was a dangerous man. He also said that he did not belive Stalin knew how to handle all his power the right way.
  • Period: to

    Russian Revolution Events