Russian revolution

Russian Revolution

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    Alexander II of Russia

    Alexander II was born in the 29 April 1818 and died in the 13 March 1881. He was the son and succesor of Nicholas I of Russia as the tzar of Russia from the 2nd March 1855 to the 13th March 1881. During his rule, there were some reforms. The most important should be the abolition of serfdom in 1861. He also ruled during part of the Caucasian War, and he ended the war with a manifesto in the 2 June 1864.
  • Abolition of Serfdom

    Abolition of Serfdom
    Under de rule of Tzar Alexander II. Although serfs got the independence over their owners, the still had to work for them because they had no money to live on their own jet.
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    Alexandre III

    Alexandre III was born in 10 March 1845 and died 1 November 1894. He succesed his father Alexander III as tzar of Russia from 13 March 1881 to the1 November 1894.
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    Trans-Siberian Railway

    Trans-Siberian RailwayThe Trans-Siberian Railway was constructed between 1891 and 1916. But Nicholas II firs announced or inaugurated the construction in 1890.
    The Trans-Siberian Railway is the llongest railway in the word, it connects Moscow with the East part of Russian and the sea of Japan.
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    Nicholas II of Russia

    Nicholas II was born the 18 May 1868 and died the 17 July 1918. He was Tzar of Russia from the 1 November 1894 to 15 March 1917 and was the succesor of his father, Alexander III. During his rule, he inaugurated the start of the construction of the Trans-siberian Railway. He was the last tzar or emperor of Russia, because it lwas later abolish.
  • Division of Marxists into two groups

    Division of Marxists into two groups
  • Russo-Japanese War

    Russo-Japanese War
    It was between the 8 February 1904, under the rule of Nicholas II, when Russia and Japan started a war based on some rivalries. Russia wanted to expand through Oriental-Asia, which made Japan furius. Previusly, Japan made an agreement which said its concerns on Korea and ensured the safty of China and korea, but this agreement was declined by Russia.
  • Ruso-Japanese war (Part 2)

    Ruso-Japanese war (Part 2)
    So Japan attaked by surprise port Arthur, and injured russian troops. Two days later, the 10 February 1904, Japan officialy declared the war to Russia.
    Weapons were now more advanced than ever, some examples are rapid firing artillery and machine guns, which werre more technological and advanced than before, as well as rifles and other weapons. The 5 December 1904, japanese took control of the key hilltop, from where they defeted the rusian general.
  • Roso-Japanese War (Part 3)

    Roso-Japanese War (Part 3)
    But after defeating Russia over land, they were threatened by sea. So japan put an end to the war sending the japanese navy to fight the russians. And as before, japan ended victorius in the war, puting it to an end.
    The 5 September 1905, Japan and russia signed the Treaty of Portsmouth. In which Russia transfered some territories, as Port Arthur. It also recognised the influence of Japan over Korea. And Japan transform Korea as a protectorate and in 1910 it finally got anexed.
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    WW1 (Part 3)

    And that is what happened with Germany. And the las t cause, was nationalism. Citizens believed in their country so much, and they had such pride in it, that they started defending it and fighting for it.
    There were many fights during the four years that the war lasted. But in 1918, both sides were exausted and had some economic and militar problems, but the Central Powers were worse then the trilpe Entente. So the 8 November 1918, there was a revolt in berlin, which made the Kaiser abdicate.
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    WW1 (Part 4)

    And it was the new government, with Friedrich Ebert as the president, that signed the armistice the 11 November 1918, which put an end in the first World War.
    But there were some consequences, as teh blockade of Germany, or the creation of the League of Nations. With the Treaty of Versailles, Germnay was found guilty and blamed for the WW1 and it was supposed to pay reparations, transfer some territories, reduce their armd forces and their navy. Which made them furious and later caused the WW2.
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    It was between the 28 July 1914 and 11 November 1918 when the first world war took place. This war took place between two main groups: The Triple Entente, and the Central Powers.
    The Triple Entente was made of countries as Great Britain, France, Russia, and later Italy and the United States. While in the Central Powers there were countries as Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgary and the Otoman Empire.
    There were four main causes for this war. The first one was militarism. 
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    WW1 (Part 2)

    Countries as Germany were building up armed forces, and while they were getting ready for war, other countries began to fear them. The second cause was Alliances. This alliances were agreements betwen countries, which promised defence and/or future territories if they won the war. So this is how the Triple Entente and the Central Powers got together. The thirs cause was Imperialism. This was a new movement that searched or looked for a country building up an emire.
  • Murder of Rasputin

    Murder of Rasputin
    Rasputin was a a russian peasant who gain popularity because he was known to be a mistical faith healer. He once healed Tzar's Nicholas II son from hemorrhage. By this, the wife of the tzar,and Rasputin started an affair, which made Rasputin be more influence, which disgusted the nobility. So some members of the nobility, leaded by the prince Felix Yusupov tried to kill him. 
  • Murder of Rasputin (Part 3)

    Murder of Rasputin (Part 3)
    And is here where he dies by asphyxiation.
  • Murder of Rasputin (Part 2)

    Murder of Rasputin (Part 2)
    They tried to murdered him several times in the same night, because it wasn't so easy.
    Firstly, he was poisoned with cyanide, but although at first he had some sort of reaction, he continued eating, a nd nothing happened to him. But after seeing that he wasn't dead, they shooted him, and apparently, he was dead, but he wasn't and run away and it was then when they shotted at him once in a shoulder and later finish him off with a shoot in the head. But later they throw him into the river Neve.
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    Provisional Government (Part 2)

    The Provisional Government didn't represent the working class, burt the middle class, so they could't represent them in the way workers wanted. They didn't give land to those peasants that were poor. And it also commited the mistake of keeping Russia at the World War 1. This decission was detested by the russians, who suffered because of it.
    The Provisional Government lasted until the Bolsheviks took the control after the October Revolution.
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    Provisional Government

    The provisional governmen was formed the 15 March 1917 after the abdication of the Tzar during the February Revolution, and it was demolished in July 1917.
    It was a republican governement that it was firstly formed by bourgeois politicians.
    After the abdication of the Tzar, the people were happy, and it was the feeling of the Provisional government at first, but later, their actitude didn't please the people, the agricultural policy decieved peasantry.
  • October Revolution

    October Revolution
    The October Revolution took place the 7 November 1917 (of our actual calendar) in Petrograd, russia. It was based on the February Revolution of that same year.
    This revolution put and end onthe Provisional Government, and because of it the Sovietic Russia was created. And finally it made the Russian Revolution flourish.
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    Russian Civil War

  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    The treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a treaty signed the 3 March 1918 in a bielorussian city of Brest-Litovsk. It was signed by Russia, Germany, the Otoman Empire, Bulgaria and Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  • March (February) revolution

    March (February) revolution
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    New Economic Policy
  • USSR

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    Lenin, Chairman of the Council of people's Commissars of the Sovietic Union.
  • Trotsky into exile

    Trotsky into exile
    Trotsky was born the 7 November 1879 and died the 21 August 1940. He was a marxists revolutionary and politician.
    He was deported into exile together with his wife, because of a demostration, in which he was dispered, and expelled from the party he was in.
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    Sunday Bloody Sunday In Northern Ireland, the 30 of January 1972, there was a terrible event which we now call Bloody Sunday. On that day, there was a protest march, were people were manifesting. And sudenly some british soldiers started shooting at about 27 unarmed citizens. And there were fourteen deaths, some were at th eact, but others happened months later because of the injuries. And there were peope that died helping those who got shoot before.
    Now there are films and songs about this massacre.