Russian Revolution

By destudo
  • Karl Marx!

    marx was born in trier, germany
  • Death?!?

    Heinrich Marx died
  • One teacher down!

    Bruno Bauer was dismissed from teaching
  • Newspaper editor!

    Marx was appointed as editor of the Rhenish Gazette
  • Banned article

    marx wrote an article about poverty of the mosel wine-farmers, and put it in the newspaper. newspaper banned by
    prussian authorities
  • Writing

    Marx wrote Economic and Philosophic manuscripts.
  • Banned Journal

    Marx's journal about the working class becoming the emancipators of society was published, then banned in germany
  • Deported!

    Marx recieved an order deporting him from france
  • Visiting

    Marx and Friedrich Engles visited england
  • Committees!

    Marx created a Communist Correspondence Committee
  • Meeting

    marx attended a meeting of the Communist League Central Committee in london
  • Manifesto

    Communist Manifesto Published
  • Expulsion

    Marx recieved news that he was going to be expelled from the country
  • Red Writing

    last edition of rhenish gazette was published. it was printed in red
  • Sailing

    Marx sailed fro england
  • Evicted

    Marx family ejected from their home for failing to pay the rent
  • New News

    Charles Dana offered marx the opportunity to write for his newspaper, the New York
  • Published

    Marx published "A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy"
  • End of tribune

    New York Daily Tribune ended; marx's money problems returned
  • Duel to the Death

    Ferdinand Lassalle (sent money to marx) was killed in a duel
  • Das Kapital 1

    first volume of "Das Kapital" was published
  • Das Kapital 2 In Progress

    Marx's 16 year old daughter, eleanor, began helping him with the second part of "das kapital"
  • Commune and abdicate

    Formation of the Paris Commune and abdication of Louis Napoleon
  • Slaughter

    Revolt collapsed and about 30,000 communards were slaughtered by government troops
  • Wife died

    marx's wife, jenny, died
  • Cancer!

    Karl Marx's eldest daughter died from cancer of the bladder
  • Death of Karl Marx!

    Karl Marx died
  • Czar Nicholas II

    Nicholas II succeeded to the throne
  • Speech denouncing the "senseless dreams" of people in favor of democratic reforms given by Nicholas II

  • Nicholas's Family moved

    Nicholas II moved family residence from Anichkov Palace to Alexander Palace
  • Underground Union

    trotsky was Involved in organizing the undeground South Russian Workers' Union
  • Expelled

    Stalin was expelled from the Tiflis Theological Seminary
  • Revival

    a strong revival movement was calling for the restoration of church autonomy and organizational reform
  • Labour Party

    Stalin joined the Social Democratic Labour Party
  • Nicholas II Appoints Minister of the Interior

    Nicholas II Appointed Vyacheslav Plehve as Ministor of the interior
  • Plehve Gave Speech

    Speech by plehve arguing that western russian revolutionaries are 90% jewish and that 40% of russia is jewish
  • Assembly Created

    Father Georgi Gapon created the Assembly of russian workers
  • Dispute

    Dispute between Vladimir Lenin and Julius Martov at the Social Democratic Party held in london. Lenin lost the debate. He created the Bolshevik faction, and those on Martov's side were part of the menshevik faction
  • Assassination!

    Evno Azef ordered Vyacheslav Plehve's assassination.
  • Bad Work

    Bad year for workers
  • Escape and reorganization

    Stalin escaped from Siberia and within a few months he was back organizing demonstrations and strikes in Tiflis
  • Japan Attacks Russia

    Japanese launched surprise attack on russian fleet at port arthur
  • Plehve Killed!

    Plehve was killed by a bomb thrown by egor sazonov
  • Trotsky Returns!

    During the 1905 revolution, trotsky returned to russia
  • No rotten meat!

    Sailors on the potemkin battleship protested the serving of rotten meat
  • Strike

    Railwaymen went on strike
  • Trotsky Arrested!

    Trotsky and executive committee members were arrested
  • Imprisoned

    St. Petersburg Soviet(something, missing in paper) was crushed and trotsky was arrested and imprisoned
  • Resign and Replace

    Nicholas II forced sergi witte to resign and replaced him with peter stolypin
  • Duma!

    First meeting of the duma
  • New Legislation

    tolypin introduced legislation allowing peasants to more easily aquire land
  • Internal Exile?

    Trotsky was sentenced to internal exile, and lost all civil rights
  • Entente

    Kaiser Wilhelm II agreed that russia should join britain and france to create the

    triple Entente
  • New Law

    stolypin established a new electoral law that bypassed the 1906 constitution, assuring a

    right-wing majority in the Duma
  • Cleric (=P)

    Tsar's wife alexandra took ill, and was healed by Gregory rasputin. He became a

    member of the royal entourage
  • Special Executions

    over 3000 suspects (political revolutionaries) were convicted and executed by the special courts esablished by stolypin
  • Stolypin Assassinated!

    Stolypin was assassinated by Dmitri Bogrov, who was a member of the Socialist
    Revolutionary party
  • Massacre!

    hundreds of miners who were on strike were massacred at the Lena goldfields.
  • massive Strike

    almost half of russian industrial workforce was on strike
  • Mobilization

    Segi sazonov advised the tsar to mobilize the russian army, knowing it would lead
    to war with germany
  • New Editor

    Trotsky moved to paris, and editor of the social democratic party newspaper
  • Supreme Command!

    Nicholas II assumed supreme command of the russian army fighting on the eastern
    front
  • Arrested by the French!

    trotsky was arrested by french authorities and deported to spain
  • Poisoned Guns

    regory rasputin was invited to Yusupov's home and given poison wine and

    cakes, then shot
  • Revolutionary Newspaper!

    Trotsky arrived in new york and worked with Nikolai Bukharin and Alexandra Kollontai to publish the Revolutionary newspaper 'Novy Mir'
  • Restoration

    the moderate Provisional Government had provided the church a few months of restoration to its pre-Petrine stature by reestablishing the patriarchate and independent governance of the church
  • leaves russia

    Trotsky left for russia after the overthrow of Nicholas II.
  • Duma Gone

    Tsar decreed the disolution of the duma
  • Abdication!

    Russian army high command recommended the nicholas II abdicated
  • re-arrival

    Trotsky arrived in russia
  • Demand resignation

    General Lavr Kornilov demanded the resignation of the cabinet and the surrender of all civil and military authority to the russian army
  • Chairman1

    Totsky elected chairman of the petrograd Soviet (Petro Soviet what?)
  • Bolshevik Revolution

    Bolshevik Revolution
  • Commissar!

    Vladimir appointed Trotsky as the people's commissar for foreign affairs
  • Stalin's speech

    Stalin made a speech concerning the policies of the bolsheviks
  • Form the Red Army!

    Soviet government oredered the formation of the red army of workers and peasants. Trotsky was appointed it's leader
  • Nationalization

    the government had nationalized all church property, including buildings
  • Accept the Terms

    Lenin ordered trotsky to accept the terms of the Central Powers
  • Conscription!

    Government introduced conscription in 1918
  • Big Execution

    Nicholas and his family were executed
  • Another Assassination

    Moisei Uritsky, chief of the Petrograd Secret Police was assassinated
  • Attack

    An allied force under British command was sent to Russia They took the city of Archangel and pushed the Red Army (Bolshevik troops) south. At the request of the British, the United States sent a regiment to join the campaign.
  • Withdraw

    American troops began to withdraw, replaced by fresh British troops and Russian White Army allies. The leader of the American troops felt that the operation was mismanaged, and his soldiers subjected to unnecessary hardships. This small force suffered over 400 casualties.
    To Americans, this campaign is a little known minor incident of World War I. But to the Russians, who had great pride in their ultimate victory, this was the "American invasion."
  • Arresting priests

    Buddhist and Shamanist places of worship in Buryatia, in the Baikal region, were destroyed, and their lamas and priests were arrested (a practice that continued until the 1970s)
  • Pamphlet

    Alexandra Kollontai published her pamphlet " the workers' opposition"
  • Freedom

    crew of battleship Petropavlovsk passed resolution calling for a return of full political freedoms
  • Attack!

    Trotsky announced red army to attack Kronstadt sailors
  • Control

    government forces took control of kronstadt
  • Foreign Trade issues

    stalin disagreed with Lenin over the issue of foreign trade
  • Demands

    Lenin's widow, Nadezhda Krupskaya, demanded that the Central Committee announce its contents to the rest of the party
  • Removal from power

    stalin was able to remove trotsky from power
  • League of the Militant Goddess

    The League of the Militant Godless directed a nationwide campaign against the Orthodox Church and all other organized religions
  • Fixed production

    production had reached the levels achieved before the start of the First World War
  • We need tractors

    Stalin's advisers told him that with the modernization of farming the Soviet Union would require an extra 250,000 tractors
  • We need tractors

    Stalin's advisers told him that with the modernization of farming the Soviet Union would require an extra 250,000 tractors
  • Five Year Plan #1

    First five year plan created in order to expedite the industrialization of Russia and increase production of coal, steel and iron
  • Kulaks

    Stalin began attacking kulaks for not supplying enough food for industrial workers
  • Publishing

    Trotsky Published "My Life"
  • Five Year Plan #2

    Second five year plan created in order to triple coal, iron and steel output. The success of the second five year plan put an end to food rationing and the USSR became a major world economic power
  • Crimes against stalin

    Nickolai Bukharin, Alexei Rykov, Genrikh Yagoda, Nikolai Krestinsky and Christian Rakovsky were arrested and accused of being involved with Leon Trotsky in a plot against Stalin
  • Arested again

    Trotsky's son Sergi was arrested in the soviet union
  • Comission

    Trotsky appeared before a commission of inquiry in New York headed by john Dewey
  • Five Year Plan

    The third five year plan focused on the USSR and it's role in World War Two; due to the problems in mobilizing troops in World War One a special effort was made to ensure that Russia's transportation systems was running and efficient
  • Cooperation

    the government significantly relaxed some restrictions on religious practice, a change that the Orthodox Church met with an attitude of cooperation
  • Nonagression pact

    signing of the German-Soviet nonaggression pact
  • religious communities

    an estimated 30,000 religious communities of all denominations survived in all the Soviet Union, but only about 500 Russian Orthodox parishes were open at that time, compared with the estimated 54,000 that had existed before World War I
  • Trotsky Assassinated

    Stalin has Trotsky assassination by ramon mercador in mexico city
  • Invasion

    hitler signed Directive 21 (code-named Operation "Barbarossa"), the first operational order for the invasion of the Soviet Union
  • Deployment

    officials of the Army High Command (Oberkommando des Heeres-OKH) and the Reich Security Main Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt-RSHA) negotiated arrangements for the deployment of special units (Einsatzgruppen) of the Security Police and the Security Service (Sicherheitsdienst-SD) behind the front lines to physically annihilate Jews, Communists and other persons deemed to be dangerous to establishment of long-term German rule on Soviet territory.
  • Deserter

    German sergeant deserted to the Soviet forces. He informed them that the German Army would attack at dawn the following morning
  • Germany Attacks Russia

    Under the codename Operation "Barbarossa," Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union
  • Forces

    German forces invaded the Soviet Union
  • Getting close

    German troops were only fifteen miles outside Moscow
  • Deportion of Jews

    Hitler's decision to deport German Jews to the occupied Soviet Union start date
  • CounterAttack

    the Soviet Union launched a major counterattack against the center of the front, driving the Germans back from Moscow in chaos
  • Field Marshal

    Adolf Hitler made Friedrich Paulus a Field MarshaL
  • Union

    Stalin, Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt met together in Teheran, Iran, to discuss military strategy and post-war Europe.
  • D-Day

    D-day landings
  • Reunion

    Stalin, Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt met again
  • Hiroshima Bombed

    Atmoic Bomb Droppped on Hiroshima
  • Nagasaki Bombed

    Atomic Bomb Dropped on Nagasaki
  • Blockade Berlin

    Stalin ordered an economic blockade of Berlin
  • Arranging Abilities

    Stalin made full use of his abilities by arranging the setting up of communist regimes in Rumania, Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany, Poland and Czechoslovakia
  • Stalin Died!

    stalin fell into a coma ... Stalin then stopped breathing and although attempts were made to revive him, his doctors eventually accepted he was dead.
  • Poem

    the official party newspaper published a poem by the poet Yevgeni Yevtushenko called the Heirs of Stalin
  • Lower and Lower

    number of operating Russian Orthodox churches had been reduced to about 7,000
  • Few churches left

    about 3,000 Orthodox churches and two monasteries were active
  • Religious Followers

    Gorbachev met with Orthodox leaders and explicitly discussed the role of religion in the lives of their followers
  • Distribution Rights

    new laws specified the church's right to hold private property and to distribute publications
  • Religious Freedom

    Soviet legislature passed a new law on religious freedom, proposed by Gorbachev; at the same time, some of the constituent republics began enacting their own laws on the same subject
  • Easter Service

    Boris Yeltsin's appearance at a Moscow Easter service
    was considered a major factor in his success in the presidential election held two months later
  • Half of a decade

    more than 8,000 Russian Orthodox churches were opened, doubling the number of active parishes and adding thirty-two eparchies (dioceses). In the first half of the 1990s. the church's social services also expanded considerably with the creation of departments of charity and social services and of catechism and religious education within the patriarchy