Rebels leaders conisited of nobles and army officers
-They hoped to set up a constitutional monarchy
Tsar Nicholas I crushed the rebellion, exiled supporters to siberia, and executed the leaders.
Emancipation of the Serfs
-Tsar Alexander emacnipated all serfs in Russia
- They were allowed to keep their homes and tools.
- Had to buy land at high prices so most former serfs were in huge debt.
Started out as a peacful march of workers to St. Petersburg.
-Russian soldiers fired upon the marchers as they neared the Tsars palace.
-More than 100 marchers were dead and hundreds more were severely wounded.
Revolution of 1905
Rebelion against the tsar caused by Bloody sunday catalyst.
Peasants began looting and burning the countryside, riots and strikes swpt cities.
-Tsar Nicholas II finally created a elected assembly balled the Duma but it had little power.
Russia Enters WWI
Enters on the Allies side against Germany and Austria-Hungary
ill-equipt Russian troops meant many casualties.
-Terrible conditions of soldiers were blamed on the tsar and his generals, along with their defeats.
-lead to the march revolution
-Known as the "mad monk"
-Influenced tsar Nickolaus II, his wife, and son Alexei greatly
- His death is a russian legend, having survived cyanide, multiple gunshots and beatings, only to die from drounding in a frozen river.
-Riots and strikes occur in Petrograd (st. Petersburg) against the war.
- Governemnt soldiers refused to fire on protesters, sometimes even joined them.
-Lead to tsar Nicholas II to abdicate the throne.
Tsar Nicholas II Abdicates
-Nicholas II gave up the throne a week after the March Revolution.
--Duma set up the provisional government, bring reforms and more written law to russia.
-Friction would cause the rival Duma and soviets to battle for contol over russia
Lead by Lenin who was a soviet
-Armed bulsheviks seized power from the provisional government
-Ended war with Germany in 1918 under soviet rule
Set up the bolshevik dictatorship to rule Russia
Murder of the Romanovs
The entire Russian royal family was murdered by Bolsheviks
-This was to eliminate any supporters of royal rule in Russia.
The missing bodies of the youngest children caused many mysteries until there recent discovery.
Treaty of Versailles
Peace treaty signed to end WWI
-divided germany up, with a russian ruled quarter.
Gave russia back all the land it lost but these lands were also renamed Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia.
Lenin Dies/ USSR formed
After suffering two strokes, Lenin knew his time was almost up
Lenin warned the communist party about Stalin being intolerant, unloyal, and impolite.
-Stalin still became the leader of the Soviet Union and created a totalitarian state.
Stalin takes Power/ Death of Trotsky
-Stalin takes control of Russia and has his agents murder Trotsky, his opponent.
-Set up a totalitarian communinst state in the USSR
- Used propagando in films, the press and art to reinforce socialism in Russia.