Russian Reforms PD6

  • Alexander I is crowned Emperor of Russia

    Alexander I is crowned Emperor of Russia
    Alexander I inherits the throne. He is a more liberal ruler, and accepts liberal ideas. Censorship, or suppression of ideas was less serious during his rule, meaning that people were able to have free opinions. Educations was promoted by Alexander, and he proposed many ideas to end serfdom.
  • Napoleon invades Russia

    Napoleon invades Russia
    Napoleon invades Russia in the battle known as the Patriotic War. When the entire city of Moscow was evacuated, and the city was to be burnt, Napoleon offered peace and wanted to surrender. Alexander I ignored his request, and Napoleon then attempted to retreat. The French searched for nearby towns and cities, but were attacked by the Russian forces. Napoleon fled the battle, leaving and abandoning his men on the battlefield.
  • Death of Alexander I

    Death of Alexander I
    The death of Alexander I soon led to the start of the Decembrist Revolt after Nicholas I was predestined to be chosen as the next Emperor.
  • Nicholas I succeeds Alexander I as Emperor of Russia

    Nicholas I succeeds Alexander I as Emperor of Russia
    After the death of Alexander I, Nicholas I is made emperor of Russia. Some Russian Army officers wanted to overthrow him which led to the Decembrist Revolt. In the end, he was capable of ending and suppressing the revolt. He was very serious about preventing the spread of Liberal Ideas, and banned books and exiled over 150,000 people to Siberia.
  • Decembrist Revoultion

    Decembrist Revoultion
    In St. Petersburg, Russia, military officers revolted against the new soon-to-be emperor Nicholas I. They staged the revolt mainly due to Nicholas' views. The army officials had liberal views, and decided to fight for them. The revolt was unsuccessful, and Nicholas continued to prevent the spread of liberalism in Russia.
  • Crimean War

    Crimean War
    The Crimean War was a war between the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France, and Sardinia. The cause of the war was mainly a fight for territory over the Ottoman Empire. Russia was initiated into the war when they tried to sieze the Danube River. France and Britain assited the Turks and fought Russia. The War resulted in Russian defeat and a peace treaty, the Treaty of Paris.
  • Alexander II inherits the throne as Emperor

    Alexander II inherits the throne as Emperor
    Alexander II was the son of Nicholas I, and after his father's death, succeeded him. In 1861, he created the Emancipation Manifesto, which freed the serfs in Russia. He encouraged the advancement of technology, industry, and railroad. Some people still wanted Liberal Reform, and attempted to assasinate him. He also created Zemstvos, or elected assemblies which focused on public matters like education or agriculture.
  • Alexander III becomes Emperor of Russia

    Alexander III becomes Emperor of Russia
    Alexander III becomes emperor after the assasination of Alexander II on the same year. The radicals bombed Alexander's carriage and he died. Alexander III used Nicholas' I strategies to eliminate the recurring Liberal Threat. He restored censorship, exiled critics and launched a project known as Russification. This new project would suppress people further, and make the dominant languange Russian and the Russian Orthodox Church as the religion..Jews were being threatened by pogroms, and fled.
  • Alexander III Emperor... (Cont.)

    Alexander III Emperor... (Cont.)
    Nicholas II, Alexander III's son, helped to improve industry in Russia. Railroad building and factories were being encouraged by his advisor. They invested in transportation, and with the help of France, were able to fund the trans-continental railroad, which linked Russia to the Pacific Ocean. Through industrialization, changes for the working class were made worse through dangerous jobs with little pay.
  • Russia vs. Japan

    Russia vs. Japan
    War broke out between Russia and Japan over a Navy Fort. It was impossible to negotiate, and Japan attacked Russia for dominanace. The defeat of Russia in this battle became a major cause of the Russian Revokution in 1905.
  • March and Bloody Sunday

    March and Bloody Sunday
    Protesters, Priests, and Liberals marched towards the Czar's palace in St. Petersburg. They thought that if the czar knew of their suffering, he would do something to help them. Petitions and documents were made for Nicholas II to read. The Czar thought that the march was an assault, and fled his palace, leaving his soldiers to brutally kill all of the protesters.
  • Revolution of 1905

    Revolution of 1905
    After Bloody Sunday, workers kept strking, terrorism continued, and government continued to become corrupt. Russians often supported the efforts of the terrorists attacking government officials. Nicholas created the October Manifesto in order to calm them down. In the Manifesto, the "freedom of persecution, conscience, speech, assembly and union" was given to the citizens. He created a new legislature called the "Duma".
  • Peter Stolypin

    Peter Stolypin
    Peter Stolypin was made prime minister of Russia by czar Nicholas II. When he tried to restore Russia to it's former glory, he was attacked by many people and the pogroms, arrests and executions continued as he tried to help Russia. He made small reforms, but they did not suffice for the Russian people.
  • Assassination of Peter Stolypin

    Assassination of Peter Stolypin
    Peter Stolypin was assassinated when the demands of the Russian people were not met. His death took a small toll on Russia, and government continued to be corrupt.
  • Rise of Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin)

    Rise of Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin)
    Radicals, who had been against Alexander II, expressed their ideas to factory workers, who demanded change. Ideas of new revolutionaries such as Karl Marx and Ulyanov. He used the alias Lenin, and took power in 1917.