Rome-Courtney

Timeline created by mrmoldenhauer
In History
  • -800 BCE

    The Latins migrated to Italy and settled along the Tiber river

    The Latins migrated to Italy and settled along the Tiber river
    Greek colonists to the south and the Etruscans in the north shared the peninsula.
  • -503 BCE

    The Romans drove out the Etruscan rulers and started a republic

    The Romans drove out the Etruscan rulers and started a republic
    Laws were made by 300 landholding, upper-class patricians who made up the Senate. The Romans felt that a republic would prevent too much power from going to any one individual.
  • -264 BCE

    Rome Fought the 3 Punic Wars

    Rome Fought the 3 Punic Wars
    This was a fight against Carthage. Carthage ruled western Mediterranean Spain and North Africa.
  • -260 BCE

    Romans Navy

    Romans Navy
    During this time Rome won some key naval victory's as their military grew.
  • -237 BCE

    The second Punic War breaks out in Spain

    The second Punic War breaks out in Spain
    In 237 BC Hamilcar Barca established new settlements in Spain
    He died,
  • -96 BCE

    Nerva

    Nerva
    Became emperor in 96 AD after Domitian’s assassination. Granted amnesty to all persecuted by Domitian. Improved roads and aqueducts. He adopted Trajan as his son and died in 98 AD of a stroke
  • -58 BCE

    Julius Caesar led his army into Gaul.

    Julius Caesar led his army into Gaul.
    A brilliant military leader, Caesar was feared by other generals after his success. When the Senate ordered Caesar to disband his army, he instead led them across the Rubicon River and marched on Rome.
  • -44 BCE

    Caesar was stabbed

    Caesar was stabbed
    In March 44 B.C., Caesar was stabbed by his
    rivals, leading again to civil war.
  • 14

    Octavian was given the title Augustus,

    Octavian was given the title Augustus,
    He ruled until 14 A.D., ending the republic but creating a stable government.
  • 64

    Nero

    Nero
    Known for being evil/insane. Built many projects at the expense of the people. Rumored to have burned down Rome in 64AD Blamed Christians and began full-scale Christian persecution.
  • 66

    The Zealots called for revolt against Rome.

    The Zealots called for revolt against Rome.
    Many believed that God would soon send a messiah, an anointed king, who would lead them to freedom from Rome. In A.D. 66, discontent turned into open rebellion against Rome. In A.D. 70, Rome crushed the uprising and burned the Jewish temple in Jerusalem.
  • 99

    Trajan

    Trajan
    Became emperor in 99 ADHe ruled by example and not by fear Conquered the Dacians Built columns, arches, bridges, and roads
    Instituted the alimenta (welfare) Allowed Christians to practice He adopted Hadrian as his son and died in 117 AD
  • 117

    Hadrian

    Hadrian
    Became emperor in 117 AD 12 years away from Rome Traveled with the soldiers and ate with them Rebuilt the Pantheon Hadrian’s Wall Destruction of Jerusalem He adopted 51 (!!!) year old Antoninus Pius and died in 138 AD
  • 161

    Antoninus Pius

    Antoninus Pius
    Chosen only because Hadrian’s second choice was too young Repaired the Colosseum Celebrated the 900th anniversary of Rome Supported the enfranchisement of slaves He dies in 161 AD after eating some cheese
  • 284

    In 284, Emperor Diocletian set out to restore order in the empire.

    In 284, Emperor Diocletian set out to restore order in the empire.
    He appointed a co-emperor, Maximian, and divided the empire in half to ease administration. Maximian ruled the western provinces while Diocletian retained the wealthier eastern provinces. To curb inflation he fixed prices on many goods and services. Sons were required to follow their father’s occupation and farmers to remain on their land.
  • 312

    In 312 Emperor Constantine took the throne and altered Europe’s future.

    In 312 Emperor Constantine took the throne and altered Europe’s future.
    He issued the Edict of Milan granting religious toleration to Christians. Christianity would later become the official religion of the empire. He made Byzantium his capital, renaming it Constantinople. This “New Rome” shifted the center of power to the eastern empire.
  • 312

    CONSTANTINE’S CONVERSION

    CONSTANTINE’S CONVERSION
    IN 312 AD THE EMPEROR CONSTANTINE WAS GETTING READY FOR A BATTLE. HE SAW A VISION OF A CROSS THAT SAID HE WOULD WIN. HE BELIEVED JESUS HELPED HIM WIN.
    CONSTANTINE ORDERED ALL PERSECUTION TO STOP AND HE BECAME A CHRISTIAN.
  • 313

    Under the Emperor Constantine, the persecution of Christians ended.

    Under the Emperor Constantine, the persecution  of Christians ended.
    In A.D. 313 the Edict of Milan granted freedom of worship to citizens of the Roman empire. By the end of the century, Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of Rome. In time a church bureaucracy arose alongside that of the empire.
  • 476

    Long before the Roman emperor actually surrendered to Germanic invaders in 476, Rome had been in decline.

    Long before the Roman emperor actually surrendered to Germanic invaders in 476, Rome had been  in decline.
    The Goths, Huns, and Vandals had already overrun much of the western empire.