Renaissance and Reformation

  • Period: Jan 6, 1300 to


    This movement that started in Italy caused an explsionof creativity in art, writing. This was the period callede Renaissance.
  • Feb 9, 1300

    Bubonic plague

    the bubonic plague struck the cities hard, killing up to 60 percent of the population.
  • Period: Mar 10, 1434 to Apr 3, 1464

    Cosimo de Medici

    in 1434 Medici won control of Florence's government. Cosimo de Medici died in 1464, but his family continued to control Florence.
  • Dec 6, 1440


    A craftsman from Mainz, Germany, developed a printing press that incorporated a number of technologies in a new way.
  • Period: May 7, 1452 to Sep 6, 1519

    Leonardo da Vinci

    He was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist. He painted one of the best-known portraits in the world the Mona Lisa.
  • Jan 9, 1453

    End of the Hundred Years' War

    Mny cities grew rapidly. Urban merchants became wealthy enough to sponsor artists.
  • May 7, 1460

    Donatello's "David"

    Made a sculpture more realistic by carving natural postures and expressions that reveal personality.
  • Period: Aug 13, 1475 to Jun 7, 1564

    Michelangelo Buonarroti

    He is a painter, sculptor, architecdt, and poet. Most famous for the way he protrayed the human body in paointing and sculpture.
  • Period: Oct 6, 1492 to Jun 7, 1547


    Exchanged sonnets with Michelangelo and hleped Castiglione publish The Courtier.
  • Nov 13, 1500

    Elizabethan Age

    The period was named after Queen Elizabeth l.
  • Period: May 7, 1504 to Sep 6, 1506

    Mona Lisa

    It is thought to be a portrait of Lisa Gherardini, who, at 16, married Francesco del Giocondo, a wealthy merchant of Florence who commissioned the portrait.
  • Feb 14, 1508


    Thepainting school of Athens for the poets apartments in the Vatican shows that the scholars or ancient Greece were highly honored.
  • Aug 10, 1509

    Praise of Folly

    A book that poked fun at greedy merchants, hearsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priests.
  • Nov 9, 1509

    Henry VII

    He became king of England and he was a devout Catholic.
  • May 7, 1512

    Martin luther

    He tought scripture at the University of Wittenberg in the German state of Saxony.
  • Dec 10, 1512

    End of the 15th Century

    Renaissance ideas began to spread north from Italy.
  • Dec 18, 1513

    "The Prince"

    In the prince, Machiavelli examines how a ruler can gain power and keep it in spite of hi enemies.
  • Mar 31, 1516

    Thomas More

    He wrote the book Utopia. Also tried to show a better model of society.
  • Apr 11, 1517

    Martin Luther

    He decided to take a public stand agaist th3e actions of a friar named Johann Tetzel.
  • Nov 8, 1520

    Martin Luther

    Pope Leo X issued a decree threatening Luther with excommunication unless he took back his statements.
  • Jul 7, 1521

    Ignatius of Loyola

    The great turning point in hsi life came ehen he was injured in a war.
  • Jul 10, 1521

    Martin Luther

    He was summoned to the town of Worms to stand trial. Told to recant, or take back his statements but he refused.
  • Sep 7, 1522

    Martin Luther

    He discovered that many of his ideas were already being put into practice.
  • Jul 10, 1524

    Martin Luther

    German peasants, excited by reformers' talk of christian freedom, demanded an end to serfdom.
  • Aug 12, 1527

    Henry VII

    He was convinced that the 42-year-old Catherine would have no more children.
  • Jun 7, 1528

    Baldassare Castiglione

    He wrote the book called the Coutier that tought how to become such a person.
  • May 9, 1529

    Henry VII

    He cafllede parliament into session and asked it to pass a set of laws that ended the pope's power in England.
  • Jun 9, 1529

    Martin Luther

    German princes who remained loyal to the pope agreed to join forces against Luther's ideas.
  • Jun 7, 1533

    Henry VII

    He secretly married Anne Boleyn, who was in her twenties.
  • Jul 7, 1536

    Henry VII

    Elizabeth was chargede for teason and she was imprisoned int the Tower of London. She was found guily and beheaded.
  • Oct 7, 1536

    Institutes of the Christian Religion

    This book expressed ideas about God, salvation, and human nature.
  • Aug 7, 1537

    Henry VII

    Jane Seymour gave Henry a son named Edward.
  • Jul 7, 1540


    Members of the religious order for the popes followers called the Society of Jesus.
  • Period: Aug 7, 1545 to Sep 4, 1563

    Council of Trent

    Catholic bishops and cardinals agreed on several doctrines.
  • Sep 7, 1547

    Henry VII

    Henry died and each of his three children ruled England in turn.
  • Apr 6, 1550


    He was a painter. He was very skillful in portraying large numbers of people.
  • Jul 6, 1555

    Martin Luther

    Charles, weary of fighting, ordered all German princes, both protestant and Catholic , to assemble in the city of Augsburg.
  • May 9, 1559

    Index of Forbidden books

    The list of books considered dangerous to the Catholic faith.
  • Sep 7, 1559

    Angelican Church

    Elizabeth was the head of this church. It was he only legal church in England.
  • Mar 7, 1560


    Protestan nobles led by Knox made Calvinism Scotland;s official religion.
  • May 18, 1564


    The greatest playwright of all time. He wrote poems and plays, and soon he would be performing at th3e Globe Theater.
  • Aug 24, 1572

    Huguenots and Catholics violently clash

    Catholic mobs began hunting for Protestants and murdering them.