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Prophet Muhammad

  • 330

    Byzantine Empire

    Byzantine Empire
    -Centered in modern-day Istanbul
    -Was the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, centred on the capital of Constantinople
    -285, Emperor Diocletian divided the Roman Empire's administration into eastern and western halves
    -As Western Roman Empire collapsed in 5th century, Eastern Roman Empire continued to thrive
  • 466

    Clovis

    Clovis
    -Was the first king of franks to unite all tribes under one ruler
    -He conquered Gaul
    -He also converted to Christianity
  • 527

    Emperor Justinian

    Emperor Justinian
    -Sought to revive the empires greatness
    -one of the last emperors to speak latin
    -He was also a very prolific builder
    -he reconqured most of the land lost to the Justinians
  • Sep 13, 622

    Hijrah

    Hijrah
    -The migration of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina
    -Took place from June 21st to July 2nd
    -Hid for three days in the Cave of Saur
    -Left secretly because he heard of a plot to assasinate him
  • Sep 13, 632

    Muhammad

    Muhammad
    -Believed by Muslums to be a messenger and prophet of God
    -Born 570 in Mecca, Died 632 in his house of a fever
    -Married a girl named Khadija, a rich widow and also his employer
  • Sep 13, 650

    Abu Bakr

    Abu Bakr
    -Muhammad's father in law
    -Became Muhammad's successor to the Arab Empire
    -By 650, Arans had conquered all of the Persiain Empire
    -Arab army was strong, efficient, and loyal
  • Sep 13, 661

    Umayyads

    Umayyads
    -Second Islamic Caliphate
    -Formed after the death of Muhammad
    -Ruled by Umayyad Dynasty
    -Umayyads originally came from Mecca
  • Sep 14, 742

    Charlemagne

    Charlemagne
    -had huge sucess in military and administration
    -He conquered most of western europe and central europe
    -was a humble ruler refused to call him self king at first
  • Sep 13, 750

    Abbasid

    Abbasid
    -Tenth of the great Muslum Caliphates of the Arab Empire
    -Founded by descendants of Muhammad's youngest uncle, Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib
    -Shifted its capital to Baghdad in 762
    -Abassid rule was cut short for three years when Mongols sacked Baghdad in 1258
  • Sep 14, 750

    Golden Age of Islam

    Golden Age of Islam
    -they stressed the power of knowledge.
    -also practiced medicine with the help of texts from Alexandria
    -There navigation of the sea was also highly advanced
  • Sep 18, 900

    Feudalism

    Feudalism
    Feudalism was a system for strucuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labor.
  • Sep 14, 962

    Holy Roman Empire

    Holy Roman Empire
    -Varying complex of lands in Central Europe
    -Weakened during Middle Ages when Emporer lost more of his power in favor of the Prince
    -Territory centered over the Kingdom of Germay
    -961: Otto I was crowned Holy Roman Emporer
  • Sep 13, 1000

    Seljuk Turks

    Seljuk Turks
    -Persianate, Sunni Muslum, and Turko-Persian Dynasty
    -Ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from 11th to 14th century
    -When arrived in Persia, adopted its customs and culture
    -Persian became the official government language of the Turks
  • Sep 14, 1000

    Roman Empire

    Roman Empire
    -Post-Republican period of ancient Roman civilization
    -Utilized an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean in Europe, Africa, and Asia
    -44 BC: Caesar appointed Roman dictator
    -Huge prosperity in the first two centuries for the Empire
  • Sep 18, 1066

    Battle of Hastings

    Battle of Hastings
    -Happened during Norman conquest of England
    - between th Norman-French army of Duke William II of Normandy and English army under King Harold II
    -Harold II killed in the battle
    -battle established superiority of combined arms attack over an army composed mostly of infantry
  • Sep 14, 1088

    Pope Urban II

    Pope Urban II
    -Was involved in the Crusades
    -Fought against Muslums in an effort to take back Holy Land after ninety years of Arab rule
    -Used Byzantines asking for his help as a demonsration that the Catholic church was better
    -This convinced more men to join armies
  • Sep 14, 1095

    Crusades

    Crusades
    -Pope Urban II trying to reclaim Holy Land
    -Was only successful in the first battle
    -He used the Crusades as a way to up his power, but eventually failed
    -Crusades resulted in huge weakening of the CHristian Byzantine Empire
  • Sep 18, 1199

    King John

    King John
    -Lost Duchy of Normandy to King Phillip II of France
    -He was the youngest and favorite of five sons
    -Was proclaimed King of England after his brother, Richard, died
    -Became King even after a failed rebellion against his brother
  • Sep 14, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    -Charter, issued in Latin
    -Esablished Due Process of Law
    -First document forced onto King of England by group of subjects, the feudal barons, in attempt to limit his powers by law and protect their privileges
    -King was forced to sign, and his powers were limited, and he had to obey the law
  • Sep 13, 1258

    Mongols in Middle East

    Mongols in Middle East
    -Founded by Ghengis Khan
    -Greatest contiguous land empire in history
    -swept out the Gobi in the thirteenth century
    -Different powers have controlled the area since 1400
  • Sep 14, 1348

    The Black Death

    The Black Death
    -One of the most devastating pandemics in human history
    -Disease caused by pestisides and transmitted through diseased rodents
    -Estimated to have killed 30–60% of Europe's population and reduced the world population from 450 million to between 350 and 375 million in the 14th century
    -Until the 19th century, the plague returned in waves
  • Sep 14, 1480

    Spanish Inquisition

    Spanish Inquisition
    -Tribunal established by Catholic Monarchs, Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile
    -Intended to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms
    -The Inquisition was originally intended in large part to ensure the orthodoxy of those who converted from Judaism and Islam
    -The body was under the direct control of the Spanish monarchy
  • William of Normandy

    William of Normandy
    -Owned fealety to the french king
    -had large land ownings throughout England
    -Did not attempt to integrate his seperate domains