Jesus to AD 500

Timeline created by ryankashian
  • -27 BCE

    Pax Romana begins

    The Pax Romana, or Roman Peace, was a rare period of relative peace throughout the Roman
    Empire. It lasted until about AD 180.
  • Period:
    -27 BCE
    to
    32

    Pax Romana

  • 33

    The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

  • 33

    Pentecost

    Pentecost is the birth of the Church. On this day, Jesus sent the Holy Spirit to Mary and the
    Apostles, inspiring them to preach the Good News. Thousands were baptized
  • 33

    The Apostles spread the Gospel

    The Apostles James and John were among the leaders of these groups, as were Paul, Barnabas, Titus, and Timothy. They traveled extensively, gathering followers of Jesus into
    small communities, which were the beginnings of local churches
  • 34

    The Conversion of St. Paul. 33-42 St. Stephen martyred.

    A martyr is one who is killed for bearing witness to the
  • 42

    St. John the Apostle travels to Ephesus with the Blessed Virgin Mary.

    tells of how, from the Cross, Jesus charged St. John with the care of His mother
  • 42

    St. James the Apostle is martyred

    his body is secretly buried in Spain.
    Christians stole his body and brought it in a boat to Spain, to a place that would become known as Santiago de Compostela
  • 42

    St. Paul begins missionary journeys to Galatia

    Greece, Syria, and other places. Council of Jerusalem. This council affirms that the New Covenant in Christ means that Christians are not bound
    by Mosaic Law and that Jesus sends the Holy Spirit to Jew and Gentile alike
  • 64

    Persecution of Christians begins under Roman emperor Nero,

    Romans burn the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem. Didache written All the writings that will become part of the New Testament have been written
  • 250

    Persecution under Roman emperor Decius

    Decius required all to worship the gods of the state, or be tortured and killed
  • 251

    Council of Carthage

    This council allowed people who lapsed in their faith during the persecution to be brought
    back into the Church after a period of penance
  • 303

    Persecution under Roman emperor Diocletian

    Diocletian ordered the destruction of all Christian churches, imprisonment of bishops and priests, and the execution of all who refused to participate in the public worship of pagan
    gods
  • 313

    Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan

    This edict granted religious toleration to Christians and unleashed the spread of
    Christianity
  • 325

    Council of Nicaea

    This council, called by Emperor Constantine, set forth the Nicene Creed and affirmed that
    Jesus and the Father are consubstantial – of the same substance
  • 330

    Emperor Constantine divides the Roman Empire into East and West

    and West.
    The West was centered in Rome, and the East was centered in Constantinople (present-day
    Instanbul, Turkey)
  • 330

    Construction of the first St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

  • 354

    Birth of St. Augustine

  • 360

    Books begin to replace scrolls

  • 382

    Pope Damasus asks St. Jerome to translate the Gospels into Latin.

  • 397

    The Councils of Hippo and Carthage determine which books will become part of the New Testament

  • 405

    St Jerome complete his translation of the Old Testament

  • 410

    The Visigoths destroy the city of Rome

  • 410

    St. Augustine begins writing The City of God

  • 431

    Council of Ephesus

    Hypostatic Union This council condemned a heresy that said that Jesus was two persons in one body, and the council declared that the Virgin Mary is truly the Mother of God (Theotokos).
  • 432

    St. Patrick sets out to spread the Gospel in Ireland

  • 451

    Council of Chalcedon.

    This council affirmed that Christ is fully human and fully divine (the hypostatic union
  • 476

    The Western Roman Empire collapses

  • 480

    Birth of St. Benedict

  • 496

    Clovis, the King of the Franks, coverts to Catholicism