JESUS to AD 500

Timeline created by nthom21
  • Period: 27 BCE to 180

    Pax Romana

  • 33

    The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

  • 33

    Pentecost

  • 33

    The Apostles spread the Gospel

  • 33

    St. Stephen martyed

  • 34

    The Conversion of St. Paul

  • 42

    St. John the Apostle travels to Ephesus with the blessed virgin mary

  • 44

    St. James the Apostle is martyred, his body is secretly buried in Spain

  • 46

    St. Paul begins missionary journeys to Galatia, Greece, Syria and other places

  • 49

    Council of Jerusalem

  • 64

    Persecution of Christians begins under Roman emperor Nero

  • 70

    Romans burn the Jewish Temple of Jerusalem

  • 80

    Didache written

  • 99

    All writings that will become part of the New Testament have been written by this date

  • 250

    Persecution under Roman emperor Decius

  • 251

    Council of Carthage

  • 303

    Persecution under Roman emperor Diocletian

  • 313

    Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan

  • 325

    Council of Nicaea

  • 330

    Emperor Constantine divides the Roman Empire into East and West

  • 330

    Construction of the first St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

  • 354

    Birth of St. Augustine

  • 360

    Books begin to replace scrolls

  • 382

    Pope Damasus asks St. Jerome to translate the Gospels into Latin

  • 397

    The councils of Hippo and Carthage determine which books will become part of the New Testament

  • 405

    St. Jerome complete his translation of the Old Testament

  • 410

    The Visigoths destroy the city of Rome

  • 410

    St. Augustine begins writing the city of God

  • 431

    Council of Ephesus

  • 432

    St. Patrick sets out to spread the Gospel in Ireland

  • 451

    Council of Chalcedon

  • 476

    The Western Roman Empire Collapses

  • 480

    Birth of St. Benedict

  • 496

    Clovis, the king of the Franks, converts to Catholicism

  • Period: 500 to 1000

    AD 500-1000

  • 507

    Clovis army drives Visigoths out of France

  • 527

    Justinian 1 becomes emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire

  • 529

    St. Benedict founds the first Monastery

  • 529

    St. Benedict founds his first Monastery

  • 537

    Construction of Hagia Sophia begins in Constantinople

  • 590

    St. Gregory the Great becomes the Pope

  • 596

    Pope St. Gregory the Great sends St. Augustine of Canterbury to England to evangelize the Anglo-Saxons

  • 597

    St. Augustine baptizes the King of Kent

  • 632

    Death of Mohammad

  • 716

    St. Boniface leaves England to evangelize Germania

  • 754

    With St. Boniface's help, the pope allies with the kings of the Franks

  • 1000

    Muslims control two thirds of the Christian world

  • 1054

    The Great Schism

  • 1073

    Pope St. Gregory VII elected pope

  • 1073

    Pope St. Gregory VII excommunicates the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV

  • 1088

    First Universities founded

  • 1094

    The Byzantine emperor in Constantinople asks the West for aid against Muslim armies

  • 1095

    Pope Urban II calls for a Crusade, and Christians temporarily capture Jerusalem

  • 1144

    First Gothic cathedral completed

  • Period: 1147 to 1192

    First Gothic cathedral completed

  • 1204

    First Gothic cathedral completed

  • 1209

    The Fransiscan order is founded

  • 1216

    Dominican order founded by St. Dominic

  • 1229

    The Inquisition is founded

  • Period: 1265 to 1274

    St. Thomas Aquinas write the Summa Theologica

  • 1300

    The Renaissance begins

  • 1347

    Bubonic plague arrives in Europe

  • 1377

    St. Catherine of Siena convinces the pope to return the papacy to Rome

  • 1386

    St. Catherine of Siena cares for the sick and buries the dead when the plague strikes Siena.

  • 1440

    Printing Press invented

  • 1453

    Muslims conquer Constantinople and turn Hagia Sophia into a mosque

  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus reaches the Americas

  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus sails for North America

  • 1513

    Ponce de Leon of Spain founds St. Augustine of Florida

  • 1517

    Martin Luther presents the 95 theses

  • 1520

    Luther denies the authority of the Pope to interpret Scripture

  • 1521

    Luther is excommunicated

  • 1522

    Luther translated bible into German

  • 1526

    Franciscan missionaries arrive in what is now Florida

  • 1534

    St. Ignatius of Loyola founds the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)

  • 1534

    King Henry VIII of England breaks England from the Catholic Church after the pope refuses to allow him a divorce

  • 1535

    St. Thomas More is executed by Henry VIII

  • 1536

    Henry VIII dissolves all monasteries and convents in England and ireland

  • 1541

    First Franciscan explorations in what is now California

  • Period: 1545 to

    Council of Trent

  • 1549

    Jesuit missionaries arrive in the Far East

  • Period: 1562 to 1582

    St. Teresa of Avila founds Discalced Carmelite convents throughout Spain

  • The king James bible becomes the bible of the Church of England

  • St. Peter Claver arrives in Colombia

  • The Mayflower sets sail from England to North America

  • The colony of Maryland is established

  • England overthrows its Catholic King and bans any future Catholic Monarchs

  • Maryland outlaws the public practice of Catholicism in the colony

  • Period: to

    The Enlightenment

  • British colonies in North America declare their independence

  • The French Revolution Begins

  • The U.S. constitution prevents religious tests for national office

  • The first amendment protects free religious exercise in the U.S. and prevents the national government from creating a religion

  • Karl Marx writes the Communist Manifesto

  • Period: to

    Ecumencial Council of the Vatican (known as Vatican I)

  • Bolshevik party formed in Russia

  • World War 1 begins

  • Three children at Fatima, Portugal, are granted visions of the Virgin Mary (Our Lady asked the children to pray the Rosary every day to stop the spread of Russia’s errors and for world peace. She asked that Russia be consecrated to her Immaculate Heart.)

  • Soviet Union is formed (Lenin was its first leader; Stalin took power two years after Lenin’s death)

  • The first Catholic bishops in China are ordained

  • Hitler beomes chancellor of Germany; first Nazi concentration camp is opened

  • World War 2 begins

  • Communist governments begin persecutions and mass murder across Europe and Asia

  • Period: to

    Ecumenical Council of the Vatican (now known as Vatican II)

  • The US Supreme Court rules that the Constitution protects the right to an abortion

  • The Soviet Union begins to fall (The end of the Cold War, the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the end of communism in Europe would come in 1991)