Jesus to AD 500

Timeline created by JordynGroot
  • 1274 BCE

    St. Thomas Aquinas write the Summa Theologica

  • Period: 27 BCE to 180

    pax romana

  • 33

    the resurrection of Jesus Christ

  • 33

    pentacost

  • 33

    he apostles spread the Gospel

  • 33

    St. Stephen is martyred

  • 33

    St. John the Apostle travels to Ephesus with the blessed Mary

    John 19:25-27 tells how, from the cross, Jesus charged st John with the carreer of his mother
  • 42

    the conversion of St. Paul

  • 44

    St. James the apostle is martyred; his body is buried in Spain

    Christians stole his body and brought it on a boat to Spain, to a place that would be known as Santiago(St. James) de Compostela(field of stars)
  • 46

    St. Paul begins missionary journeys to Galatia, Greece, Syria, and other places

  • 49

    council of Jerusalem

    the council confirms the new covenant in christ means that Christians are not bound by Mosaic Law and that Jesus send the Holy spirit to Jew and gentile alike
  • 64

    persecution of Christ begins under the roman emperor, Nero

  • 64

    persecution of Christians begins under the roman emperor, Nero

  • 70

    the romans burh Jewish temple in Jerusalem

  • 80

    Didache written

  • 99

    all writing that will become part of the new testament have been written by this date

  • Period: 100 to 500

    ad 100-500

  • 250

    persecution under the roman Emperor Decius

    Decius required all to worship the gods of the state, to be tortured killed
  • 251

    council of carthage

    this council allowed people who lapsed in their faith during the persecution to be brought back into the church after a period of penance
  • 303

    persecution under the roman Emperor Dioceltian

    Diocletian ordered the destruction of all Christian churches, imprisonment of bishops and priests, and the execution of all who refused to practice in the religion of pagan gods
  • 313

    Emperor Constantine issues the edict of Milan

    this edict granted religious toleration of Christians and unleashed the spread of Christianity
  • 313

    construction of the first St. peters basilica in Rome

  • 330

    council of nicaea

    the council, called by the Emporer of constantine, set forth the Nicene creed and confirmed that Jesus and the father are consubatational - of the same substance
  • 330

    emperor of Constantine divides the roman empire into east and west

    the west was centered in Rome, and the east was centered in Constantinople ( present-day turkey)
  • 354

    birth of st Augustine

  • 360

    books begin to replace scrolls

  • 382

    pop demasks asks st Jerome to translate the gospels to latten

  • 397

    the council of Hippo and Carthage determine which books will become apart of the new testament

  • 405

    St Jerome complete is translation of the old testament

  • 410

    the Visigoths destroy the city of Rome

  • 410

    st Augustine begins the writings of the city of God

  • 431

    council of Ephesus

    this council condemned a heresy that said that Jesus was two persons in one body, and the council declared that the virgin mary is truly the Mother of God
  • 432

    St Patrick spreads out to spread the Gospel in Ireland

  • 451

    council of chalcedon

    this council affirmed that Christ is truly human and fully divine
  • 476

    the western rome empire collapses

  • 480

    birth of St benedict

  • 496

    Clovis, the kind of franks, converts to Catholicism

  • Period: 500 to 1000

    AD 500-1000

  • 507

    Clovis army drives Visigoths out of France

  • 527

    Justinian 1 becomes the emperor of the eastern roman empire

  • 529

    St. benedict found the first monastery

  • 529

    St. benedict found the first monastery

  • 537

    construction of hagia Sofia ( current structure) begins in Constantinople

  • 590

    st. Gregory becomes the pope

  • 596

    pope St. Gregory the great sends st Augustine of canterburry to England to evangelize the Anglo-Saxons

  • 597

    st Augustine baptizes the king of Kent

  • 632

    death of Mohammed

    Mohammed, whom the Muslims call the prophet Mohammad, is the founder of Islam. By the time of his death, all of Arabia Muslim
  • 637

    Muslims attach Constantinople

  • 638

    Muslims capture Jerusalem

  • 698

    Muslims take carthage

    end of the eastern roman rule in North africa
  • 711

    muslims invade and occupy spain

  • 716

    st boniface leaves England to evangelize Germania

  • 732

    france halts muslim invasion

  • 754

    with st Boniface'se help, the pope allies with the king of franks

  • 793

    Vikings attack England

  • 800

    Charlemagne is crowned holy roman emperor by pope Leo III

    eastern Christians did not approve of charges coronation, and the new title bestowed by the pope caused further division between eastern and western
  • 800

    gunpowder is invented

  • 885

    Vikings attack paris

  • 997

    muslims occupy Santiago de compostela in spain, burial place of st. james the apostle

  • 1000

    Muslims control 2/3 of the ancient Christian world

  • 1054

    the great schism

  • 1073

    st gregory v11 elected pope

  • 1073

    Pope St. Gregory VII excommunicates the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV

  • 1088

    First universities founded

  • 1094

    The Byzantine emperor in Constantinople asks the West for aid against Muslim armies

  • 1095

    Pope Urban II calls for a Crusade, and Christians temporarily capture Jerusalem

  • 1144

    First Gothic cathedral completed

  • 1147

    Second and Third Crusades

  • 1192

    Second and Third Crusades

  • 1204

    Crusaders from the Fourth Crusade sack Constantinople

  • 1209

    Franciscan Order is founded by St. Francis of Assisi

  • 1216

    Dominican Order founded by St. Dominic

  • 1229

    The Inquisition is founded

  • 1265

    St. Thomas Aquinas write the Summa Theologica

  • 1300

    The Renaissance begins

  • 1347

    The bubonic plague arrives in Europe.

  • 1386

    St. Catherine of Siena cares for the sick and buries the dead when the plague strikes Siena.

  • 1440

    Printing Press invented

  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus sails for North America

  • 1513

    Ponce de Leon of Spain founds St. Augustine, Florida St. Augustine, named for St. Augustine of Hippo, was the first European settlement in what is now the United States.

  • 1517

    Martin Luther presents the 95 Theses In this document, Luther presented what he saw as abusive practices in the Catholic Church.

  • 1520

    Luther denies the authority of the pope to interpret Scripture

  • 1521

    Luther is excommunicated

  • 1522

    Luther translates the Bible into German

  • 1526

    Franciscan missionaries arrive in what is now Florida

  • 1534

    St. Ignatius of Loyola founds the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)

  • 1534

    King Henry VIII of England breaks England from the Catholic Church after the pope refuses to allow him a divorce

  • 1535

    St. Thomas More is executed by Henry VIII

  • 1536

    Henry VIII dissolves all monasteries and convents in England and ireland

  • 1541

    First Franciscan explorations in what is now California

  • Period: 1545 to 1563

    The Council of Trent

  • 1549

    Jesuit missionaries arrive in the Far East

  • Period: 1562 to 1582

    St. Teresa of Avila founds Discalced Carmelite convents throughout Spain

  • The King James Bible becomes the Bible of the Church of England

  • St. Peter Claver arrives in Colombia

  • he Mayflower sets sail from England to North America

  • he Mayflower sets sail from England to North America

  • England overthrows its Catholic king and bans any future Catholic monarchs

  • Maryland outlaws the public practice of Catholicism in the colony

  • Period: to

    The Enlightenment

  • British colonies in North America declare their independence

  • The French Revolution begins

  • The US Constitution prevents religious tests for national office

  • he First Amendment protects free religious exercise in the US and prevents national government from establishing a religion.

  • Karl Marx writes the Communist Manifesto

  • Period: to

    Ecumencial Council of the Vatican (known as Vatican I)

  • Bolshevik party formed in Russia

  • World War I begins

  • Three children at Fatima, Portugal, are granted visions of the Virgin Mary (Our Lady asked the children to pray the Rosary every day to stop the spread of Russia’s errors and for world peace. She asked that Russia be consecrated to her Immaculate Heart.

  • Mexico outlaws Catholicism

  • Soviet Union is formed (Lenin was its first leader; Stalin took power two years after Lenin’s death)

  • The first Catholic bishops in China are ordained

  • Servant of God Dorothy Day converts to Catholicism

  • Bl. Miguel Pro is killed by the Mexican government

  • Hitler beomes chancellor of Germany; first Nazi concentration camp is opened

  • Day founds the Catholic Worker newspaper

  • Word War II begins

  • Communist governments begin persecutions and mass murder across Europe and Asia

  • St. Maximilian Kolbe is killed by the Nazis at Auschwitz

  • Pope St. John XXIII calls the Church council that will become known as Vatican II

  • Period: to

    Communist governments begin persecutions and mass murder across Europe and Asia

  • The US Supreme Court rules that the Constitution protects the right ot an abortion

  • Pope St. John Paul II survives an assassination attempt ordered by the KGB (the Soviet intelligence agency)

  • The Soviet Union begins to fall (The end of the Cold War, the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the end of communism in Europe would come in 1991)