Jesus to AD 1800

Timeline created by imoy21
  • Period: 27 BCE to 180

    Pax Romana

  • Period: AD 1 to 100

    Apostolic Age

  • 33

    The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

  • 33

    Pentecost

  • 33

    The Apostles Spread the Gospel

  • 33

    St. Stephen was Martyred

  • 34

    The Conversion of St. Paul

  • 42

    St. John the Apostle Travels to Ephesus with the Blessed Virgin

  • 44

    St. James is Martyred

    His body would be secretly buried in Spain.
  • 46

    St. Paul begins Missionary Journeys

  • 49

    The Council of Jerusalem Meets

  • 64

    The Persecution of Christians Begins

  • 70

    The Romans Burn the Jewish Temple

  • 80

    Didache is Written

  • 99

    The Writings of the New Testament have all been Finished

  • Period: 100 to 500

    AD 100-500

  • 250

    Roman Emperor Decius persecutes Christians

    He has people worship gods of the state or face torture and death.
  • 251

    Council of Carthage

    This Council allowed people who lapsed their faith to come back after penance.
  • 303

    Roman Emperor Diocletian persecutes Christians

    Ordered Christians to die and members of the hierarchy to be imprisoned.
  • 313

    Edict of Milan is Issued

    Allowed freedom of religion in the Roman Empire.
  • 325

    Council of Nicaea

    Made the Nicene Creed; a prayer that we still pray to this day.
  • 330

    Constantine divides the Empire in two one to the east and the other to the west

  • 330

    St. Peter's Basilica is constructed in Rome

  • 397

    The Councils of Carthage and Hippo meet to discuss which books go into the New Testament

  • 410

    Visigoths destroy the city of Rome

  • 410

    St. Augustine begins writing "The City of God"

  • 431

    Council of Ephesus

    The Council declared Mary as mother of God and Jesus as two persons in one body.
  • 451

    Council of Chalcedon

    Affirmed that Jesus is fully human and fully divine.
  • 476

    Western Rome Collapses

  • 496

    Clovis, The King of the Franks, Converts to Catholicism

  • Period: 500 to 1000

    AD 500-1000

  • 507

    Clovis' army drives the Visigoths out of France

  • 527

    Justinian becomes emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire

  • 529

    St. Benedict founds the first monastery

  • 529

    St. Benedict founds his first monastery.

  • 537

    Construction of Hagia Sophia

  • 590

    St. Gregory the Great becomes pope

  • 596

    Pope St. Gregory the Great sends St. Augustine of Canterbury to England to evangelize the Anglo-Saxons.

  • 597

    St. Augustine baptizes the King of Kent

  • 632

    Death of Mohammad

    All of Arabia is Muslim by the time of his death.
  • 637

    Muslims attack Constantinople

  • 638

    Muslims capture Jerusalem

  • 698

    Muslims take Carthage

  • 711

    Muslims invade and occupy Spain

  • 716

    St. Boniface leaves England to evangelize Germania

  • 732

    France halts Muslim invasion

  • 754

    With St. Boniface’s help, the pope allies with the kings of the Franks

  • 793

    Vikings attack England

  • 800

    Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo the 3rd

  • 800

    Gunpowder is invented

  • 885

    Vikings attack Paris

  • 997

    Muslims occupy Santiago De Compostela in Spain, the burial place of St. James the apostle

  • 1000

    Muslims control two thirds of the ancient Christian world

  • 1054

    The Great Schism

  • 1073

    St. Gregory VII elected pope

  • 1073

    Pope St. Gregory VII excommunicates the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV

  • 1088

    First universities founded

  • 1094

    The Byzantine emperor in Constantinople asks the West for aid against Muslim armies

  • 1095

    Pope Urban II calls for a Crusade, and Christians temporarily capture Jerusalem

  • 1144

    First Gothic cathedral completed

  • 1147

    Second and Third Crusades

  • 1204

    Crusaders from the Fourth Crusade sack Constantinople

  • 1209

    Franciscan Order is founded by St. Francis of Assisi

  • 1216

    Dominican Order founded by St. Dominic

  • 1229

    The Inquisition is founded

  • Period: 1265 to 1274

    St. Thomas Aquinas write the Summa Theologica

  • 1300

    The Renaissance begins

  • 1347

    Bubonic plague arrives in Europe.

  • 1377

    St. Catherine of Siena convinces the pope to return the papacy to Rome

  • 1386

    St. Catherine of Siena cares for the sick and buries the dead when the plague strikes Siena.

  • 1440

    Printing Press invented

  • 1453

    Muslims conquer Constantinople and tun Hagia Sophia into a mosque

  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus reaches the Americas

  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus sails for North America

  • 1513

    Ponce de Leon of Spain founds St. Augustine, Florida

  • 1517

    Martin Luther presents the 95 Theses

  • 1520

    Luther denies the authority of the pope to interpret Scripture

  • 1521

    Luther is excommunicated

  • 1522

    Luther translates the Bible into German

  • 1524

    St. Ignatius of Loyola founds the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)

  • 1526

    Franciscan missionaries arrive in what is now Florida

  • 1534

    King Henry VIII of England breaks England from the Catholic Church after the pope refuses to allow him a divorce

  • 1535

    St. Thomas More is executed by Henry VIII

  • 1536

    Henry VIII dissolves all monasteries and convents in England and Ireland

  • 1541

    First Franciscan explorations in what is now California

  • Period: 1545 to 1563

    The Council of Trent

  • 1549

    Jesuit missionaries arrive in the Far East

  • Period: 1562 to 1582

    St. Teresa of Avila founds Discalced Carmelite convents throughout Spain

  • The King James Bible becomes the Bible of the Church of England

  • St. Peter Claver arrives in Colombia

  • The Mayflower sets sail from England to North America

  • The Colony of Maryland is established

  • England overthrows its Catholic king and bans any future Catholic monarchs

  • Maryland outlaws the public practice of Catholicism in the colony

  • Period: to

    The Enlightenment

  • British colonies in North America declare their independence

  • The French Revolution begins

  • The US Constitution prevents religious tests for national office

  • The First Amendment protects free religious exercise in the US and prevents national government from establishing a religion.

  • Karl Marx writes the Communist Manifesto

  • Period: to

    Ecumencial Council of the Vatican (known as Vatican I)

  • Bolshevik party formed in Russia

  • World War I begins

  • Three children at Fatima, Portugal, are granted visions of the Virgin Mary (Our Lady asked the children to pray the Rosary every day to stop the spread of Russia’s errors and for world peace. She asked that Russia be consecrated to her Immaculate Heart.)

  • Soviet Union is formed (Lenin was its first leader; Stalin took power two years after Lenin’s death)

  • The first Catholic bishops in China are ordained

  • Hitler beomes chancellor of Germany; first Nazi concentration camp is opened

  • Word War II begins

  • Communist governments begin persecutions and mass murder across Europe and Asia

  • Period: to

    Ecumenical Council of the Vatican (now known as Vatican II)

  • The US Supreme Court rules that the Constitution protects the right ot an abortion

  • The Soviet Union begins to fall (The end of the Cold War, the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the end of communism in Europe would come in 1991)