Industrial Revolution Timeline

  • Richard Arkwright

    Richard Arkwright
    Richard Arkwright was an inventor during the industrial revolution. He used power driven machinery and invented a cotton weaving machine. Arkwright was a wig maker and had a $200,000 company with 5,000 employees.
  • James Watt

    James Watt
    James Watt was a Scottish inventor who developed a new and improved steam engine that lessened consumption of steam and fuel in fire powered engines. The Watt engine was a defining development of the Industrial Revolution because of its rapid incorporation into many industries. Because of his accomplishments, he got a unit of measure named after him which is equivalent to 1 joule of work performed per second. (The Watt)
  • Thomas Malthus

    Thomas Malthus
    Malthus was an English cleric, scholar and influential economist in the fields of political economy and demography. Thomas wrote a book explaining how an increase in food supply increases the well being of the population. However, this is only temporary as the population will rise. Malthus believed in a utopia and that he power of population is indefinitely greater than the power in the earth to produce subsistence for man.
  • Interchangeable parts

    Interchangeable parts
    First invented to assemble muskets. Interchangeable parts allowed for unskilled workers to produce large numbers of weapons quickly at a low cost. They also allowed for broken parts to be replaced instead of having to get a new item.
  • Mutual Aid Societies

    Mutual Aid Societies
    Mutual Aid Societies were formed voluntarily by individuals to protect members against debts incurred through illness, death, or old age. This became well established during the industrial revolution because of how poor people were and how bad life was. People were very close with each other during these times and knew each other like families with how living conditions were.
  • Corporations

    Large companies employed lots of people and the more people they had, the more work got done. Corporations helped spark the industrial revolution by raising capital from diverse sources.
  • Henry Bessemer

    Henry Bessemer
    Henry Bessemer was an English inventor, who invented a new steel making process. It would become the most important technique for making steel in the nineteenth century. He also invented a sugar crushing machine
  • Tenements

    A tenement is a low income housing unit. they are characterized by their ability to house large amounts of people and have poor living conditions. With the booming population growth in the city, tenements were built to give people places to live. The US was not the only place with tenements as parts of Europe had them too.
  • Socialism

    Socialism arose during the industrial revolution and was very popular among the people. This was triggered in response to economic growth. The increase in popularity of socialism brought many revolts against big corporations and unregulated industrial growth.
  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    Social Darwinism thrived through the industrial revolution. This happened with the age of steel. Lots of new inventions were made and massive corporations rose that utilized oil, electricity, and steel.
  • Alfred Nobel

    Alfred Nobel
    Alfred Bernhard Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, and philanthropist during the industrial Revolution. Alfred Nobel is credited with the invention of dynamite. He Thought that it would be a safer mining alternative to the traditional method. Because of his world changing invention, the prize for giving the greatest contribution to making was named after him. (The Nobel)
  • Communism

    Communism is a political theory advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. Communistic ideas spread through most of Europe and during the industrial revolution but was rejected by most Americans. Communism was later jumpstarted by the Soviet Union forming and out grew Socialism.
  • Dynamo

    Served to convert kinetic energy into electrical energy. This electricity produced was used to power machines in manufacturing. Power grids arose and the dynamo was the primary source of electricity during the industrial revolution
  • Social Gospel

    Social Gospel
    The Social Gospel is a social movement within Protestantism that applied Christian ethics to social problems, especially issues of social justice. Christianity rose dramatically during these times and this movement actually led to additional crime. Lots of reforms were put in place and they were not liked by the rebellious.
  • Automobile

    The automobile allowed for people to move farther from where they worked during the industrial revolution which expanded cities and created new towns. The Automobile industry became one of the first industries to be produced on the assembly line. The Automobiles let to a greater need for interchangeable parts and increased the demand for glass, steel and rubber