Indian Ocean Trade Timeline

Timeline created by jwolfe003
In History
  • 3,000 BCE

    Silk

    Silk
    Silk was first discovered in China. Silk is made from silk worms and it is spun as the worms make their cocoons. Silk was used for a variety of things. This made it one if the popular trading goods of the Silk Road.
  • 1,000 BCE

    Sugar cane

    Sugar cane
    Sugar cane was popular in Southeast Asia. By 1000 BCE, sugar cane was located in India, where there were huge amounts of it. People realized how valuable sugar cane was, as it was used for sweetening and cooking. This made sugar cane a popular trade good during the Classical Era. After this era, sugar cane continued to spread through trade and migration.
  • 1,000 BCE

    Bananas

    Bananas
    Bananas were a tropical plant that was found growing in Southeast Asia. This trade good was transported to India and Africa. Bananas also made their way into China and possibly the Middle East.
  • -800 BCE

    The Kamal

    The Kamal
    In 800 BC, the Arabs created a navigation device called the Kamal. The Kamal was used to measure altitude and longitude. The Kamal was was a flat piece of wood with a string attached to it. This helped the sailors navigate by using the stars. When the star lined up with the latitude, that was the way to go.This helped sailors as they sailed the oceans for trade.
  • -800 BCE

    Rise of Nubian Kingdom

    Rise of Nubian Kingdom
    During 800 BCE, the Nubian kingdom dominates in Egypt. This kingdom was very rich and powerful. They traded with the Egyptians and sailed in large vessels to kingdoms along the Red Sea and Mediterranean coasts. Some popular trade items were: ebony, olive oil, ivory, and incense.
  • -551 BCE

    Confucius

    Confucius
    Confucius, also known as Kong Qui, was a Chinese philosopher. His philosophies focused on having positive family and public relations. He also set high standards for education.
  • -500 BCE

    Camel Saddle

    Camel Saddle
    The camel saddle was created in Northern Arabia in 500 BCE. The goal of the saddle was to allow the animal to easily carry heavy loads. This was done by distributing the weight evenly on both sides of the camel. It also kept the rider comfortable.
  • -460 BCE

    Disease Spread

    Around 460 BCE, diseases were starting to spread though trade and movement of people. Some diseases that were spread are: Leprosy, Malaria, and Tuberculosis(TB).
  • -431 BCE

    Peloponnesian War

    Peloponnesian War
    The Peloponnesian War lasted from 431 to 404 BCE. Athens and Sparta for dominance in Southern Greece. Sparta was successful in their dominance but did not achieve political unification of Greece.
  • -400 BCE

    Isthmus of Kra

    Isthmus of Kra
    The Isthmus of Kra is a narrow strip of land that connects the Malay
    Peninsula to Asia. In 400 BCE, this isthmus way a way to connect traders from India, Southeast Asia, and China. This route was used as a quick way to get where the trader was going, it also kept traders safe from pirates and bandits.
  • -400 BCE

    The Phoenicians

    The Phoenicians
    The Phoenicians dominated trade during the first millennium BCE. These people got their name from the reddish-purple cloth that they traded. These people also made glass products in 400 BCE . They imported and exported trade goods such as wine, olives, honey, and spices. The Phoenicians created many trading colonies.
  • -400 BCE

    Punch-marked Coins

    Punch-marked Coins
    Punch-marked coins are silver coins created from the Mauryan dynasty of India. They were made by cutting the shape out of sheets of silver then punching the shape with a harder metal. The coins showed how important trade was in India. The coins were found in various places, which means trade was abundant. Coins were used between merchants, farmers, and artisans.
  • -384 BCE

    Aristotle

    Aristotle
    Aristotle was a Greek philosopher. He is famous for his three methods of persuasion, ethos, logos, and pathos. He also tutored Alexander the Great. His literary works spread all over Greece and the world.
  • -338 BCE

    Alexander the Great

    Alexander the Great
    Alexander the Great was a Greek king. In addition to being king, he had the largest army ever in Greece. While he was king, Alexander defeated the Persian Empire. He conquered Asia, Egypt, Central Asia, and the Indus Valley. Alexander also built the city of Alexandria in Egypt. This became a huge area for trade.
  • -332 BCE

    Alexandria

    Alexandria
    Alexandria was built in 332 BCE by Alexander the Great. This city remained the capital of Egypt for almost a millennium. This city was a huge area for international trade. This city was so important for trading because of its' location. Alexandria was located along the Mediterranean Sea and the Nile River. Alexandria was also the center of Christianity.
  • -332 BCE

    Phoenician Ships

    Phoenician Ships
    The ships were built as sturdy cargo ships. The ships were created to be able to carry large amounts of goods. The ships were called gauloi or "round" because of their rounded body. The ships had rectangular sails and used rudders to steer. Each ship could carry about 20 men as a crew.
  • -271 BCE

    Ashoka

    Ashoka
    Ashoka was a famous Indian Emperor. He ruled from 271-232 BCE. He promoted Buddhism and sent his religion beliefs to other places. By doing so, Ashoka created new contact and interactions with others that helped develop trade. He traded with West Asia and Southeast Asia.
  • -264 BCE

    Punic Wars

    Punic Wars
    The Punic Wars consisted of three wars between Rome and Carthage. The purpose of the wars was to establish dominance in the Mediterranean. Rome was successful.
  • -138 BCE

    Zhang Quian

    Zhang Quian
    Zhang Quian was a Chinese explorer. He started the Silk Trade Routes. During his travels, he helped China experience different cultures and lands. In 138 BCE, he was sent to make peace with another culture. He was captured for years. After 13 years, he finally returned home and shared his discoveries.
  • -106 BCE

    The Silk Road

    The Silk Road
    This trade route was created by Zhang Quian. This trade route connected the Mediterranean, Middle East, India, Central Asia, and China. With the rise of the Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty, this trade route became even more popular.