Events & History

  • 3000 BCE

    Egypt Unites

    Egypt Unites
    The civilization of Ancient Egypt was one of the earliest in world history. It is usually held to have begun around 3000 BC, when the lower Nile Valley became unified under a single ruler. By this date the only other people in the world to have a a literate, urban civilization were the Sumerians, in Mesopotamia.
  • 2400 BCE

    Temple platforms are built in Peru

    Temple platforms are built in Peru
    The temple, inside a larger ruin, includes a staircase that leads up to an altar used for fire worship at a site scientists have called Ventarron
  • 2050 BCE

    Middle Kingdom of Egypt begins 2050 B.C.

    Middle Kingdom of Egypt begins  2050 B.C.
    The Eleventh Dynasty of Ancient Egypt was a group of pharaohs whose earlier members are grouped with the four preceding dynasties to form the First Intermediate Period, while the later members from Mentuhotep II onwards are considered part of the Middle Kingdom. They all ruled from Thebes.
  • 2000 BCE

    Development of Chinese Writing

    Development of Chinese Writing
    The Chinese writing system is an unique phenomenon in the modern world of alphabet scripts. Instead of a few dozen letters, it has developed thousands of complex signs or "characters" that represent morphemes and words.
  • 1503 BCE

    Reign of Queen Hatshepsut begins

    Reign of Queen Hatshepsut begins
    A daughter of King Thutmose I, Hatshepsut became queen of Egypt when she married her half-brother, Thutmose II, around the age of 12. Upon his death, she began acting as regent for her stepson, the infant Thutmose III, but later took on the full powers of a pharaoh, becoming co-ruler of Egypt around 1473 B.C. As pharaoh, Hatshepsut extended Egyptian trade and oversaw ambitious building projects, most notably the Temple of Deir el-Bahri, located in western Thebes, where she would be buried.
  • 1350 BCE

    Akhenaton and Nefertiti begin their rule

    Akhenaton and Nefertiti begin their rule
    Akhenaten was a pharaoh of Egypt who reigned over the country for about 17 years between roughly 1353 B.C. and 1335 B.C. A religious reformer he made the Aten, the sun disc, the center of Egypt’s religious life and carried out an iconoclasm that saw the names of Amun, a pre-eminent Egyptian god, and his consort Mut, be erased from monuments and documents throughout Egypt’s empire.
  • 750 BCE

    Greeks colonize the Mediterranean

    Greeks colonize the Mediterranean
    In the first half of the first millennium B.C.E, Greek city-states, most of which were maritime powers, began to look beyond Greece for land and resources, and so they founded colonies across the Mediterranean. Trade contacts were usually the first steps in the colonization process and then, later, once local populations were subdued or included within the colony, cities were established.
  • 566 BCE

    Buddha is born

    Buddha is born
    Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha. Siddhartha Gautama, the Lord Buddha, was born in 623 B.C. in the famous gardens of Lumbini, which soon became a place of pilgrimage. Among the pilgrims was the Indian emperor Ashoka, who erected one of his commemorative pillars there.
  • 551 BCE

    Confucius is born

    Confucius is born
    Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
  • 509 BCE

    Roman Republic is established

    Roman Republic is established
    The Roman Republic was the period of ancient Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
  • 500 BCE

    Adena mounds are built in Ohio

     Adena mounds are built in Ohio
    When American settlers first began moving into the Ohio Country they discovered the 1000s of conical mounds and various earthworks. They didn't have any idea of what they were or who built them. When they asked local Native Americans about them, they too didn't have any idea of who built them or why. This was the beginning of a long process to understand these mysterious mounds that were all over the Ohio Country.
  • 221 BCE

    China has first emperor

    China has first emperor
    This was what we called - the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC). Ying Zheng was the first emperor of a united China, so he proclaimed himself Qin Shi Huang.
  • 206 BCE

    Han Dynasty begins in China

    Han Dynasty begins in China
    After the civil war that followed the death of Qin Shihuangdi in 210 B.C., China was reunited under the rule of the Han dynasty, which is divided into two major periods: the Western or Former Han (206 B.C.–9 A.D.) and the Eastern or Later Han (25–220 A.D.). The boundaries established by the Qin and maintained by the Han have more or less defined the nation of China up to the present day.
  • 44 BCE

    Julius Caesar is killed

    Julius Caesar is killed
    Gaius Julius Caesar, known as Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician, general, and notable author of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire
  • 1994 C.E - Nelson Mandela elected President of South Africa

    1994 C.E  - Nelson Mandela elected President of South Africa
    The African National Congress won 62% of the votes in the election, and Mandela, as leader of the ANC, was inaugurated on 10 May 1994 as the country's first black President, with the National Party's F.W. de Klerk as his first deputy and Thabo Mbeki as the second in the Government of National Unity.
  • 1776 C.E Declaration of Independence signed

    1776 C.E Declaration of Independence signed
    This document is the first printed version of the American Declaration of Independence. On June 7, 1776, Richard Henry Lee of Virginia introduced a resolution urging Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, to declare independence from Great Britain. Four days later, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston were appointed as a committee to draft a declaration of independence.
  • 1438 C.E Incan Empire founded

    1438 C.E Incan Empire founded
    The Inca civilization flourished in ancient Peru between c. 1400 and 1533 CE, and their empire eventually extended across western South America from Quito in the north to Santiago in the south, making it the largest empire ever seen in the Americas and the largest in the world at that time. Undaunted by the often harsh Andean environment, the Incas conquered people and exploited landscapes in such diverse settings as plains, mountains, deserts, and tropical jungle.
  • 1215 C.E English Magna Carta signed

    1215 C.E English Magna Carta signed
    Magna Carta Libertatum (Latin for "the Great Charter of the Liberties"), commonly called Magna Carta (also Magna Charta; "(the) Great Charter"), [a] is a charter agreed to by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor, on 15 June 1215.
  • 960 C.E Song Dynasty began in China

    960 C.E Song Dynasty began in China
    Starting in 960 and ending in 1279, the Song Dynasty consisted of the Northern Song (960-1127) and the Southern Song (1127-1279). With a prosperous economy and radiant culture, this period was considered as another period of 'golden age' after the glorious Tang Dynasty (618 - 907). The Northern Song was founded by Zhao Kuangyin, a military general in the Latter Zhou (951 - 960). In 960, Zhao Kuangyin launched a mutiny in Chenqiao county (in current Henan Province).
  • 800 C.E Arab traders brought paper from China

    800 C.E  Arab traders brought paper from China
    Paper is a writing material that was first invented in ancient China. Although contemporary precursors such as papyrus and amate existed in the Mediterranean world and pre-Columbian Americas, respectively, these materials are not defined as true paper. The first papermaking process was documented in China during the Eastern Han period (25-220 AD), traditionally attributed to the court official Cai Lun. During the 8th century Chinese papermaking spread to the Islamic world.
  • 600 C.E Islam spreads to North Africa

    600 C.E  Islam spreads to North Africa
    The spread of Islam, from its heartland in the Middle East and North Africa to India and Southeast Asia, revealed the power of the religion and its commercial and sometimes military attributes.
    Civilizations were altered without being fully drawn into a single Islamic statement. A similar pattern developed in sub-Saharan Africa, as Islam provided new influences and contacts without amalgamating African culture as a whole to the Middle Eastern core.
  • 570 C.E Muhammad is born

    570 C.E Muhammad is born
    Muḥammad ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim, in short form Muhammad, is considered by Muslims to be the last messenger and prophet sent by God to guide humanity to the right way.
  • 500 C.E Height of Mayan Civilization

    500 C.E Height of Mayan Civilization
    The Maya are an indigenous people of Mexico and Central America who have continuously inhabited the lands comprising modern-day Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tabasco, and Chiapas in Mexico and southward through Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Honduras. The designation Maya comes from the ancient Yucatan city of Mayapan, the last capital of a Mayan Kingdom in the Post-Classic Period.
  • 1991 A.D Soviet Union breaks apart

    1991 A.D Soviet Union breaks apart
    The Soviet Union was dissolved on December 26, 1991, as a result of the declaration no. 142-Н of the Soviet of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.That evening at 7:32 p.m., the Soviet flag was lowered from the Kremlin for the last time and replaced with the pre-revolutionary Russian flag.
  • 1989 A.D Berlin Wall falls

    1989 A.D Berlin Wall falls
    The Berlin Wall: The Fall of the Wall. On November 9, 1989, as the Cold War began to thaw across Eastern Europe, the spokesman for East Berlin's Communist Party announced a change in his city's relations with the West. Starting at midnight that day, he said, citizens of the GDR were free to cross the country's borders.
  • 1930 A.D WW2 Begins

    1930 A.D WW2 Begins
    The two dates most often mentioned as “the beginning of World War II” are July 7, 1937, when the “Marco Polo Bridge Incident” led to a prolonged war between Japan and China, and September 1, 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, which led Britain and France to declare war on Hitler's Nazi state in retaliation.
  • 1865 A.D President Lincoln is killed

    1865 A.D President Lincoln is killed
    Abraham Lincoln was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
  • 1492 A.D Columbus reaches the Caribbean

    1492 A.D Columbus reaches the Caribbean
    On This Day: Columbus Lands in Caribbean. On Oct. 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus made landfall on a small island in the Caribbean. His historic voyage ignited the age of exploration and cross-Atlantic expansion by European settlers.
  • 476 A.D Roman Empire Falls

    476 A.D  Roman Empire Falls
    In 476 C.E. Romulus, the last of the Roman emperors in the west, was overthrown by the Germanic leader Odoacer, who became the first Barbarian to rule in Rome. The order that the Roman Empire had brought to western Europe for 1000 years was no more.
  • 100 A.D Paper invented in China

    100 A.D  Paper invented in China
    Paper is a writing material that was first invented in ancient China. Although contemporary precursors such as papyrus and amate existed in the Mediterranean world and pre-Columbian Americas, respectively, these materials are not defined as true paper. The first papermaking process was documented in China during the Eastern Han period (25-220 AD), traditionally attributed to the court official Cai Lun. During the 8th century Chinese papermaking spread to the Islamic world.