Imperialism- Late 1800a, early 1900s

  • Tariff of Abominations was passed

    Tariff of Abominations was passed
    The tariff of 1828 was a protective tariff passed by the Congress of the United States on May 19, 1828, designed to protect industry in the northern United States. It was labeled the Tariff of Abominations by its southern detractors because of the effects it had on the antebellum Southern economy.
  • The urge to annex Cuba

    The Ostend Manifesto document issued by U.S. ministers to Europe. The ministers write up a document that urges the U.S. to annex Cuba for the security of slavery, and that if Spain refuses to sell the island, it should be taken by force.
  • U.S. wants to purchase Cuba

    President Buchanan urges Congress to give him the authority to purchase Cuba.
  • Alaska's land was purchased by the U.S.

    The Alaska Purchase was the acquisition of the Alaska territory by the United States from the Russian Empire in the year 1867 by a treaty ratified by the Senate. William Seward was an early supporter of American expansion. He was a secretary of State under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. In 1867, he arranged for the U.S. to buy Alaska from the Russians for $7.2 million.
  • U.S. takes over Midway Islands

    The name Midway dates from the islands’ formal annexation by the United States in 1867.
  • Hawaii allowed the US to build Pearl Harbor

    The pressured Hawaii to allow the US to build a naval base at Pearl Harbor- it then became a refueling station of American ships.
  • McKinley Tariff

    McKinley Tariff
    In 1890 Congress enacted the McKinley Tarif, which raies the level of duties on imported goods almost 50%. Certain products, however, like raw sugar were put on a duty free list
  • Hawaii’s king Kalakaua died, Queen Liliuokalani came to power.

    When Kalakaua died in 1891, his sister Queen Liliuokalani came to power and proposed removing the property-owning qualifications for voting.
  • Queen Luliuokalani takes the throne of Hawaii

    The point in time when Queen Luliuokalani takes over Hawaii as the queen is significant, because she resisted imperialism in her country and refused to allow sugar can companies to run her land by using her as a puppet.
  • Wilson-Gorman Tariff

    Wilson-Gorman Tariff
    The Revenue Act or Wilson-Gorman Tariff of 1894, slightly reduced the United States tariff rates from the numbers set in the 1890 McKinley tariff and imposed a 2% income tax. It is named for William L. Wilson, Representative from West Virginia, chair of the U.S. House Ways and Means Committee, and Senator Arthur P. Gorman of Maryland, both Democrats.
  • Spanish-American War breaks out; Puerto Rico, Spain, and the Philippines taken from Spain

    This is important because it shows the beginning of Spain's downfall as one of the major European countries in imperialism. The U.S. rises with new territories hain from the Spanish, and become more powerful and wealthy in the near future.
  • Teller Amendment

    In April 1898 Senator Henry M. Teller (Colorado) proposed an amendment to the U.S. declaration of war against Spain which proclaimed that the United States would not establish permanent control over Cuba. The Senate passed the amendment on April 19. True to the letter of the Teller Amendment, after Spanish troops left the island in 1898, the United States occupied Cuba until 1902.
  • Annexation of Puerto Rico

  • Spain's Departure

    Spain's Departure
    The U.S. claimes it would not annex Cuba after Spain's departure from the island
  • De Lome Letter

    De Lome Letter
    The De Lôme Letter was written by Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, the Spanish Minister with the Portfolio of Cuba. In the personal letter, which was stolen despite being under diplomatic protection, he referred to the President William McKinley as "weak and catering to the rabble and, besides, a low politician who desires to leave a door open to himself and to stand well with the jingos of his party." On February 9, 1898, the letter was published in William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal.
  • Annexation of Philippines

    At the end of the Spanish-American War, we collected Puerto Rico as a colony, set up a protectorate over Cuba, and annexed the Hawaiian Islands. President William McKinley also forced Spain to cede the Philippine Islands. To the American people, McKinley explained that, almost against his will, he had been led to make the decision to annex.the league turned its efforts to ending the war against the Philippines and stopping the annexation of the islands.
  • Foreigners outnumbered Native Hawaiians

    By 1900, many foreigners and immigrant laborers outnumbered the native Hawaiians about 3-1.
  • Platt Amendment

    Platt Amendment
    The Platt Amendment of 1901 was an amendment to a joint resolution of the United States Congress, replacing the earlier Teller Amendment. It stipulated the conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish-American War and defined the terms of Cuban-U.S. relations until the 1934 Treaty of Relations. The Amendment ensured U.S. involvement in Cuban affairs and gave legal standing (in U.S. law) to U.S. claims to certain territories on the island in
  • Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

    On November 18, 1903, the United States and the newly independent country of Panama signed the Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty. This was a follow-up of the unsuccessful Hay-Herran Treaty, using largely the same terms. However, unlike Colombia, Panama would agree to the terms, which established a Panama Canal Zone that was 10 miles wide.
  • T. Roosevelt places Midway Islands under Navy's control

    Pres. Theodore Roosevelt placed the islands under the control of the U.S. Navy.
  • U.S. and Panama Canal

    The 48 mile-long (77 km) international waterway known as the Panama Canal allows ships to pass between the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean, saving about 8000 miles (12,875 km) from a journey around the southern tip of South America, Cape Horn.
  • Panama Canal Commision

    The seven-man Panama Canal Commission is appointed by Roosevelt to complete the canal. With America becoming ever more intricately bound into the politics of the Atlantic and the Pacific, the project now has more urgency than ever.
  • Adoption of the 16th Amendment

    Adoption of the 16th Amendment
    The Sixteenth Amendment (Amendment XVI) to the United States Constitution allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on Census results. This amendment exempted income taxes from the constitutional requirements regarding direct taxes, after income taxes on rents, dividends, and interest were ruled to be direct taxes in Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co.
  • Panama Canal opens for shipping

  • Alaska became a state in the U.S.

    Alaska became a state. U.S. had acquired a land rich in timber, minerals, and oil for only 2 cents an acre.
  • Hawaii became a state

    Hawaii became the 50th state of the U.S.