Holy Roman Empire

  • Jun 18, 1155

    Frederick I

    Frederick I planned to get his chief revenues from Italy. He considered Italy the center of a "holy empire," as he called it—hence the name Holy Roman Empire. Frederick's attempt to conquer northern Italy led to severe problems.
  • Nov 22, 1220

    Fredrick II

    establish a strong, centralized state in Italy
    struggled with popes
    war in north italy
  • Otto I

    crowned emporor of the Romans
    protected the pope